Causal adverbs tell you why something is happening. You can also describe the consequences of an action with them. Furthermore they tell the conditions or reason for an action.
|Causal adverb||Example||Example translation|
|Daher||Das kommt daher, dass es noch nicht fertig ist.||That is because it isn't finished yet|
|Also||Also ging er nachhause.||So he went outside|
|Darum||Darum mag ich diesen Film nicht.||Therefore I don't like the movie|
|Dadurch||Dadurch habe ich viel gelernt.||Thereby I have learned a lot|
|Deswegen||Deswegen möchte ich nichts mehr davon hören.||For this reason I don't want to hear any more of it|
|Demnach||Demnach ist der Vertrag ungültig.||Thus, the contract is not legitimate|
|Nämlich||Das sehe ich nämlich nicht so.||I actually agree|
|Deshalb||Deshalb weise ich nochmal darauf hin.||That is why I point it out to you again|
|Sonst||Sonst wäre ich nicht hier.||Otherwise I wouldn't be here|
|Folglich||Er war gestern krank, folglich war er nicht auf Arbeit.||He was sick yesterday, therefore he didn't go to work|
|Ansonsten||Ansonsten kannst du mich freitags immer erreichen.||Otherwise you can always reach me on friday|
|Somit||Somit hat sich dieses Thema auch erledigt.||Thus the topic was dealt with|
|Trotzdem||Es ist spät, trotzdem bin ich noch nicht müde.||It's late, however I'm not tired yet|
|Sicherheitshalber||Ich schaue sicherheitshalber nochmal auf den Fahrplan.||I better look at the schedule again|
|Dennoch||Du solltest dich dennoch nochmal informieren.||You should still inform yourself again|
|Anstandshalber||Ich treffe mich nur anstandshalber mit ihm.||I only meet with him out of politeness|
|Demzufolge||Viele Leute warten, demzufolge hat der Bus Verspätung.||Many people are waiting, thus the bus most be late|
|Infolgedessen||Infolgedessen war die Beteiligung eher gering.||Consequently the participation was fairly low|
|Notfalls||Notfalls werden wir nachhause laufen.||If necessary we will walk home|
|Gleichwohl||Der Ausflug war anstrengend, gleichwohl aber auch schön.||The trip was very tiring, nevertheless it was nice|
With causal adverbs you can answer questions that are formed like this
|Question||Question translation||Answer with causal adverb||Answer translation|
|Wieso liest du so wenig?||Why do you read so rarely?||Das kommt daher, dass ich so viel arbeite.||That is because I works so much|
|Weshalb ist keiner mehr hier?||Why isn't there anyone here anymore?||Du kamst zu spät, deshalb sind alle gegangen.||You came to late, that's why everone left|
|Unter welcher Bedingung gilt diese Regel?||Under which conditions does this rule apply?||Sie gilt sicherheitshalber immer.||To be safe it will apply always|
Now test your knowledge with our exercises!
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I'm a German language teacher with a Master's degree in German language and literature. Since I was born and lived in Switzerland and grew up in a bilingual family, I speak also Swiss German and Croatian on a native level.
I started to teach German in 2016, to English and Croatian speaking students, but since I love languages I work also as professional translator and became also sworn translator for the German language in the same year.
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I studied Arabic and English at university, but I have had the possibility to learn Spanish as well, which is for me like a second native tongue.
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Hi everybody! My name is Luis and I'm from Spain. I am graduated in East Asian Studies and Teaching Spanish as Foreign Language. I am offering classes online of Spanish language.
During my internship as conversational teacher I taught students from the USA and Germany, helping them to improve their skills in some fields such as the audiovisual and reading comprehension as well as the speaking one. As personal material made by my own, I usually create some interesting presentation as well as some PDF with all the information that is given to the students. I love using the material that is easily found on the internet such as news and videos that are perfect for exposing the students to the real Spanish and its vocabulary.
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my name is Nina, I'm from Austria and I also lived for one year and a half in Canada. I worked there as a German Teacher for adults, so I speak German, English and French.
I also teach English for beginners and advanced beginners.
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See you soon! Nina
German was my key to the world of possibilities and that's why I want to support you on your language path. German was my main focus in my bachelor's degree in Interpreting and Translation and then I completed my master's degree in intercultural German Studies and German as a Foreign Language. My additional education as an Intercultural Trainer and my practical experience from several international language institutes add value to my German lessons that you can benefit from: Only your focus decides - preparation for a language exam or studies, help with various documents and written works or your wish to improve your German in a communicative way. I would very much like to get to know you in a free trial lesson, so that we can discuss your wishes and requirements and prepare the lessons so that they bring you closer to your goal. And all of this from an intercultural perspective and with my personal experience, because I know your own perspective as well as the challenges that language learning brings with it. I'm looking forward to meeting you!