• German grammar
  • 1 German pronunciation [0/1]
  • 2 German functions of words [0/5]
  • 3 German sentence structure [0/28]
  • Construct a German sentence! (Score -/-)
  • Make a German indirect speech! (Score -/-)
  • 3.1 Sentence structure of main clauses in German [0/4]
  • 3.2 Dependent clauses in German [0/12]
  • 3.3 Negation in German [0/3]
  • 3.4 Questions in German [0/2]
  • 3.5 Indirect speech in German [0/2]
  • 3.6 Conjunctions in German [0/3]
  • 4 German Articles [0/7]
  • 5 German nouns [0/28]
  • Fill in the correct form of the German noun! (Score -/-)
  • Form the correct plural form of the German nouns! (Score -/-)
  • Fill in the correct definite and indefinite article! (Score -/-)
  • Translate these nouns into German (Score -/-)
  • Match the right German word to the sentences (Score -/-)
  • 5.1 Gender of German nouns (substantives) - der, die, das [0/9]
  • 5.2 Plural of German nouns [0/4]
  • 5.3 German declension (N-declension) [0/4]
  • 5.4 Diminutive (-lein, -chen) in German [0/3]
  • 5.5 Compound nouns in German [0/2]
  • 5.6 Adjectives and verbs as nouns in German [0/1]
  • 6 German pronouns [0/19]
  • 7 German cases [0/13]
  • 8 German adjectives [0/29]
  • Exercise for building German adjectives (Score -/-)
  • Determine the form of use of these German adjectives! (Score -/-)
  • Transform these German adjectives to their nominal form (Score -/-)
  • Build the comparative and superlative of these German adjectives (Score -/-)
  • Insert the German attributive adjective! (Score -/-)
  • 8.1 Different types of adjectives in German [0/3]
  • 8.2 How to form German adjectives [0/1]
  • 8.3 German participle as adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.4 Comparative and superlative adjectives in German [0/4]
  • 8.5 Declension of German adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.6 Forming and declension of ordinal numbers in German [0/2]
  • 8.7 Possessive adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.8 Demonstrative adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.9 Interrogative and exclamatory adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.10 Indefinite adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.11 List of German Adjectives [0/2]
  • 9 German adverbs [0/13]
  • 10 German verbs [0/67]
  • Match the correct German verb to the sentences (Score -/-)
  • Form the German simple past and participle II form (Score -/-)
  • Exercise to match the right German auxiliary verb! (Score -/-)
  • Choose the right conjugation of the German verbs (Score -/-)
  • Build the German form of politeness! (Score -/-)
  • 10.1 Auxiliary verbs in German [0/5]
  • 10.2 Modal verbs in German [0/8]
  • 10.3 Separable and inseparable verbs in German [0/3]
  • 10.4 Conjugation of regular verbs (weak verbs) in German
  • 10.5 Conjugation of irregular verbs (strong verbs) in German [0/45]
  • Exercise: German irregular verbs (Score -/-)
  • 10.5.1 Conjugation of geben (to give) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.2 Conjugation of gehen (to walk, to go) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.3 Conjugation of lassen (to let) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.4 Conjugation of nehmen (to take) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.5 Conjugation of fahren (to drive) German [0/2]
  • 10.5.6 Conjugation of essen (to eat) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.7 Conjugation of lesen (to read) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.8 Conjugation of sehen (to see) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.9 Conjugation of kommen (to come) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.10 Conjugation of trinken (to drink) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.11 Conjugation of schlafen (to sleep) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.12 Conjugation of gefallen (to please) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.13 Conjugation of schreiben (to write) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.14 Conjugation of helfen (to help) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.15 Conjugation of laufen (to run) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.16 Conjugation of treffen (to meet, to hit) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.17 Conjugation of tragen (to carry) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.18 Conjugation of bleiben (to stay) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.19 Conjugation of schwimmen (to swim) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.20 Conjugation of finden (to find) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.21 Conjugation of waschen (to wash) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.22 Conjugation of bekommen (to get) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.23 Cojugation of bringen (to bring) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.24 Conjugation of sprechen (to speak) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.25 Conjugation of heißen (to be called) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.26 Conjugation of fliegen (to fly) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.27 Conjugation of backen (to bake) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.28 Conjugation of steigen (to rise) in German [0/1]
  • 10.6 List of common verbs in German [0/1]
  • 11 German prepositions [0/27]
  • Spot all the used German prepositions! (Score -/-)
  • Match the German prepositions! (Score -/-)
  • Prepositions and German grammar cases! (Score -/-)
  • Determine which kind of German preposition is being used! (Score -/-)
  • Complete the verbs and adjectives! (Score -/-)
  • 11.1 Locative prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.2 Temporal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.3 Modal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.4 Causal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.5 German prepositions requiring the genitive [0/2]
  • 11.6 German prepositions requiring the dative [0/2]
  • 11.7 German Prepositions requiring the accusative [0/2]
  • 11.8 German prepositions with either dative or accusative [0/2]
  • 11.9 German prepositions and articles [0/2]
  • 11.10 German prepositions with verbs [0/2]
  • 11.11 German prepositions and adjectives [0/2]
  • 12 Tenses and conjugation of German verbs [0/23]
  • 13 Infinitive in German [0/8]
  • 14 Imperative in German [0/3]
  • 15 Subjunctive in German [0/6]
  • 16 Active and passive voice in German [0/2]
  • 17 Participle in German [0/6]
  • Adjectives and verbs as nouns in German

    In German it is possible to form nouns out of adjectives or verbs: these are the substantivized adjectives or verbs. To form these words, you simply change the first letter into a capital letter and you add a definite and indefinite article. 

    What is a substantivized adjective in German?

    Substantivized adjectives are nouns formed from adjectives, without their prefix or suffix. All German adjectives can be used as nouns.

    This table shows some examples:

    Adjective Substantivized Adjective Translation
    gut das Gute good - the good
    deutsch der Deutsche German - the German
    schön das Schöne beautiful - the beauty

    Gender of substantivized adjectives

    Substantivized adjectives can be masculine or feminine. In this case, they designate animate beings.


    Adjective Substantivized adjective Translation
    jung der Jugendliche young - adolescent
    erwachsen der Erwachsene grown-up - adult
    groß die Große tall - the tall


    Neuter substantivized adjectives refer to qualities or certain abstract concepts.


    Adjective Substantivized adjective Translation
    gut das Gute good - the good
    ganz das Ganze all 
    grün das Grüne green - the green

    Declension table of substantivized adjectives

    Although substantivized adjectives are nouns, they are declined as adjectives. You can also have look in the topic of the declension of adjectives.

      Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
    Nominative der Alte die Alte das Alte die Alten
    Genitive des Alten der Alten des Alten der Alten
    Dative dem Alten der Alten dem Alten den Alten
    Accusative den Alten  die Alte das Alte die Alten

    Translation: alt - old  der Alte - the old

    Usage of substantivized adjectives with etwas, nichts, wenig and viel

    Neuter substantivized adjectives can be used with the words etwas, nichts, wenig, and viel. However, they remain nouns and are therefore capitalized. In this case, the noun is used in the nominative case singular and ends with -s or -es.


      Example Translation
    • etwas Schlechtes
    • Ich möchte etwas Warmes essen. 
    • something bad
    • I would like to eat something warm.
    • nichts Besseres
    • Es gibt nichts Neues zu erzählen.
    • nothing better
    • There is nothing new to tell.
    • wenig Neues
    • In seinem Brief steht wenig Spannendes.
    • little new
    • His letter is not very exciting.
    • viel Interessantes
    • In unserer Kindheit haben wir viel Schönes erlebt. 
    • a lot of interesting things
    • In our childhood we experienced many beautiful things.

    What is a substantivized verb in German?

    Like substantivized adjectives, substantivized verbs are formed from a verb (infinitive or past/present participle) without any prefix or suffix.

    Substantivized infinitive

    The substantivized infinitive is formed from the infinitive of a verb. They take a capital letter. The substantivized infinitive describes an action, the act of doing something.

    enlightenedSubstantivized infinitves are always neuter.

    Verb Substantivized infinitive Translation
    leben das Leben live - life
    essen das Essen eat - the food
    trinken das Trinken drink - the drink

    It is common to use these substantivized infinitives without any articles. Here are some examples.

    • Radfahren macht Spaß. - Riding a bike is fun. 
    • Telefonieren ist teuer. - Phoning is expensive.
    • Wandern ist gesund. - Hiking is healthy.

    Table of declension of substantivized infinitives 

    The substantivized infinitives are declined as regular neuter nouns. They take the -s only in Genitive singular and they remain unchanged in the other cases. Normally is only used in the singular. Here you can find the declension table of das Laufen (laufen) - the walking (walking).

      Nominative Genitive Dative Accusative
    Singular das Laufen des Laufens dem Laufen das Laufen

    Substantivized infinitives with bei, zu and von

    Substantivized infinitives are often used in combination with bei, zu and von. Be careful: This prepositions are changing, if they are used with an article. Substantivized infinitives are similar to the English gerund with -ing or a simple infinitive. Here are some examples:

      Example Translation
    bei (+ articles)
    • Beim Fallen hat er sich das Bein gebrochen.
    • Beim Lernen hat er viel Neues entdeckt.
    • When falling, he broke his leg. 
    • He discovered a lot of things while learning. 
    zu (+articles)
    • Zum Trinken möchte ich einen Tee.
    • Zum Schlafen braucht man ein Bett.
    • I would like to have a tea to drink.
    • You need a bed to sleep.
    von (+articles)
    • Vom Schminken hat sie Falten.
    • Vom Malen hat das Kind schmutzige Hände.
    • She has wrinkles from makeup her face.
    • From painting the child has dirty hands.

    Substantivized present participle 

    You can form a noun out of the present participle of a verb. Have also a look into the topic of the present participle of verbs.

    enlightenedRemember: to form a present participle in German, you need to add an -end or -nd to the radical of the verb.

    In this table you can find some examples.

    Verb Present participle Noun
    reisen - travel reisend - travelling der Reisende - traveller
    schlafen - sleep schlafend - sleeping der Schlafende - sleeper

    Declension of substantivized present participle

    The nouns of present participle are declined as adjectives. You can find the declension of der Reisender - traveller in this table below.

      Nominative Geninitive Dative Accusative
    Singular der Reisende des Reisenden dem Reisenden den Reisenden
    Plural die Reisende der Reisenden den Reisenden  die Reisenden

    Substantivized past participle

    You can also form a noun out of the past participle of a verb. Have a look into the topic of the present participle of verbs. In this table you can find some examples.

    Verb  Past participle Noun
    kaufen - buy gekauft - bought das Gekaufte - the bought
    geben - give gegeben - given das Gegebene - the given

    Declension of substantivized past participle

    As for the present participle, also the substantivized past participle are declined as adjectives. You can find the declension of das Gekaufte - the bought thing in this table below.

      Nominative Genitive Dative Accusative
    Singular das Gekaufte des Gekauften dem Gekauften den Gekauften
    Plural die Gekauften der Gekauften den Gekauften die Gekauften



    Exercise about adjectives and verbs as nouns in German