• German grammar
    0%
  • 1 German pronunciation [0/1]
  • 2 German functions of words [0/5]
  • 3 German sentence structure [0/28]
  • Construct a German sentence! (Score -/-)
  • Make a German indirect speech! (Score -/-)
  • 3.1 Sentence structure of main clauses in German [0/4]
  • 3.2 Dependent clauses in German [0/12]
  • 3.3 Negation in German [0/3]
  • 3.4 Questions in German [0/2]
  • 3.5 Indirect speech in German [0/2]
  • 3.6 Conjunctions in German [0/3]
  • 4 German Articles [0/7]
  • 5 German nouns [0/28]
  • Fill in the correct form of the German noun! (Score -/-)
  • Form the correct plural form of the German nouns! (Score -/-)
  • Fill in the correct definite and indefinite article! (Score -/-)
  • Translate these nouns into German (Score -/-)
  • Match the right German word to the sentences (Score -/-)
  • 5.1 Gender of German nouns (substantives) - der, die, das [0/9]
  • 5.2 Plural of German nouns [0/4]
  • 5.3 German declension (N-declension) [0/4]
  • 5.4 Diminutive (-lein, -chen) in German [0/3]
  • 5.5 Compound nouns in German [0/2]
  • 5.6 Adjectives and verbs as nouns in German [0/1]
  • 6 German pronouns [0/19]
  • 7 German cases [0/13]
  • 8 German adjectives [0/29]
  • Exercise for building German adjectives (Score -/-)
  • Determine the form of use of these German adjectives! (Score -/-)
  • Transform these German adjectives to their nominal form (Score -/-)
  • Build the comparative and superlative of these German adjectives (Score -/-)
  • Insert the German attributive adjective! (Score -/-)
  • 8.1 Different types of adjectives in German [0/3]
  • 8.2 How to form German adjectives [0/1]
  • 8.3 German participle as adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.4 Comparative and superlative adjectives in German [0/4]
  • 8.5 Declension of German adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.6 Forming and declension of ordinal numbers in German [0/2]
  • 8.7 Possessive adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.8 Demonstrative adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.9 Interrogative and exclamatory adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.10 Indefinite adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.11 List of German Adjectives [0/2]
  • 9 German adverbs [0/13]
  • 10 German verbs [0/67]
  • Match the correct German verb to the sentences (Score -/-)
  • Form the German simple past and participle II form (Score -/-)
  • Exercise to match the right German auxiliary verb! (Score -/-)
  • Choose the right conjugation of the German verbs (Score -/-)
  • Build the German form of politeness! (Score -/-)
  • 10.1 Auxiliary verbs in German [0/5]
  • 10.2 Modal verbs in German [0/8]
  • 10.3 Separable and inseparable verbs in German [0/3]
  • 10.4 Conjugation of regular verbs (weak verbs) in German
  • 10.5 Conjugation of irregular verbs (strong verbs) in German [0/45]
  • Exercise: German irregular verbs (Score -/-)
  • 10.5.1 Conjugation of geben (to give) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.2 Conjugation of gehen (to walk, to go) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.3 Conjugation of lassen (to let) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.4 Conjugation of nehmen (to take) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.5 Conjugation of fahren (to drive) German [0/2]
  • 10.5.6 Conjugation of essen (to eat) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.7 Conjugation of lesen (to read) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.8 Conjugation of sehen (to see) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.9 Conjugation of kommen (to come) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.10 Conjugation of trinken (to drink) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.11 Conjugation of schlafen (to sleep) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.12 Conjugation of gefallen (to please) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.13 Conjugation of schreiben (to write) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.14 Conjugation of helfen (to help) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.15 Conjugation of laufen (to run) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.16 Conjugation of treffen (to meet, to hit) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.17 Conjugation of tragen (to carry) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.18 Conjugation of bleiben (to stay) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.19 Conjugation of schwimmen (to swim) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.20 Conjugation of finden (to find) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.21 Conjugation of waschen (to wash) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.22 Conjugation of bekommen (to get) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.23 Cojugation of bringen (to bring) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.24 Conjugation of sprechen (to speak) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.25 Conjugation of heißen (to be called) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.26 Conjugation of fliegen (to fly) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.27 Conjugation of backen (to bake) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.28 Conjugation of steigen (to rise) in German [0/1]
  • 10.6 List of common verbs in German [0/1]
  • 11 German prepositions [0/27]
  • Spot all the used German prepositions! (Score -/-)
  • Match the German prepositions! (Score -/-)
  • Prepositions and German grammar cases! (Score -/-)
  • Determine which kind of German preposition is being used! (Score -/-)
  • Complete the verbs and adjectives! (Score -/-)
  • 11.1 Locative prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.2 Temporal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.3 Modal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.4 Causal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.5 German prepositions requiring the genitive [0/2]
  • 11.6 German prepositions requiring the dative [0/2]
  • 11.7 German Prepositions requiring the accusative [0/2]
  • 11.8 German prepositions with either dative or accusative [0/2]
  • 11.9 German prepositions and articles [0/2]
  • 11.10 German prepositions with verbs [0/2]
  • 11.11 German prepositions and adjectives [0/2]
  • 12 Tenses and conjugation of German verbs [0/23]
  • 13 Infinitive in German [0/8]
  • 14 Imperative in German [0/3]
  • 15 Subjunctive in German [0/6]
  • 16 Active and passive voice in German [0/2]
  • 17 Participle in German [0/6]
  • German definite articles (der, die, das)

    What are definite articles in German?

    There are three definite articles in German: der, die, das. They are similar to the English article the. As the German language requires gender, the definite articles have to be adjusted to the gender and the number of the noun.

    • der is used for masculine nouns
    • die is used for feminine and plural nouns
    • das is used for neuter nouns

    Table of declension of definite articles in German

    Not only gender and number affects the modification of definite article, but also the case. This table combines the change of the definite articles according to the cases, the number (singular or plural) and the genders of the noun that they appear in the sentence.

      Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
    Nominative der die  das die
    Accusative den die  das die 
    Dative dem  der dem den
    Genitive des der des der

    Examples of definite articles

    • Der Apfel ist rot. - The apple is red.
    • Wo ist das Museum? - Where is the museum?  
    • Die Lehrer trinken Kaffee in der Pause. - The teacher drink coffee.
    • Ich sehe den Baum. -  I see the tree.    

    Usage of definite articles

    The definite articles are used in specific situations that are listed in this table below.

    Usage of definite articles Example
    When you are talking about something specific

    Der Hund holt die Zeitung. -
    The dog picks up the newspaper.

    Das Fenster ist geschlossen. -
    The window is closed.

    When something has already been mentioned or you assume it to be generally know

    Das Eis schmeckt fantastisch. -
    The ice-cream tastes fantastic.

    Der Eifelturm ist hoch. -
    The Eiffel Tower is high.

    Other definite articles (dieser, jener, jeder, mancher, solcher, welcher)

    The pronouns listed in this table can be used as a companion of nouns and take the same grammatical endings as the definite articles. 

    Other definite articles Translation Example
    dieser this; these

    Dieses Jahr fliege ich in den Urlaub. - This year I'm going on vacation.

    Diese Schuhe gefallen mir sehr. - I really like these shoes.

    jener that; those

    Jenes Haus ist alt. - That house is old.

    Jene Schwestern sind verstritten. - Those sisters are disputed.

    jeder each, every

    Wir erfüllen jeden Wunsch. - We fulfill every wish. 

    Nicht jeder kann einen Handstand machen. - Not everyone can do a handstand. 

    mancher many, some

    Manche Übungen sind schwer. - Some excercise are difficult.

    Manche Leute sind unhöflich. - Some people are rude.

    solcher such

    Ich trage solche Schuhe nicht! - I do not wear such shoes!

    Solche FIlme schaue ich gerne. - I like to watch such film.

    welcher which

    Welche Straße führt ins Zentrum? - Which street leads to the centre?
    Das Buch, welches ich lese, ist sehr spannend. - The book, which I read, is very interesting.

     

    enlightenedDifference between dieser and jener: Dieser or jene refer to a past state of affairs or a person who has already been mentioned in conversation or text. Dieser expresses spatial or temporal proximity, whereas jener indicates distance.

    Exercises

    Fill in the correct definite article

    Exercise for German definite articles