The subjuncitve II is mostly used to express wishes that are (currently) not possible. Additionally you can use the Subjunctive to make a request more polite.
A good way to memorize how to form the subjunctive II is to go through the simple-past-form and add the correct ending. For example
Infinitive: gehen (to walk) → Simple past: Er ging (he walked) → Subjunctive II: Er ginge (He would walk)
For some weak and mixed verbs the Subjunctive II doesn't differ from the normal simple past form. For these cases there is the "Würde"-Variation of the Subjunctive II. You build this form by just conjugating the word würde (would) to the correct person and adding the verb in its infinitive form. A few examples
|Simple past / Normal Subjunctive II||Würde-form|
Ich würde arbeiten
(I would work)
Du würdest studieren
(You would study)
Sie würde lernen
(She would learn)
You can also use the subjunctive II in the past tense. For this you have to conjugate the auxiliary word "sein / haben" and combine them with the participle 2 of the verb. A few examples
|Ich||wäre gewesen||hätten gehabt||hätte gefragt|
|Du||wärst gewesen||hättest gehabt||hättest gefragt|
|Er/Sie/Es||wäre gewesen||hätte gehabt||hätte gefragt|
|Wir||wären gewesen||hätten gehabt||hätten gefragt|
|Ihr||wärt gewesen||hättet gehabt||hättet gefragt|
|Sie||wären gewesen||hätten gehabt||hätten gefragt|
Now, that you have learned about the subjunctive II you can test your knowledge in the following exercise!
An's Bulgarian has tremendously improved since she gave it go a year and a half ago. Of course, It goes without saying that I am pleased to work with such an enthusiastic learner who is living proof that, through hard work and perseverance, everyone can succeed in their language goals. An, you are now an independant user of the language who is able to successfully lead real-live conversations. Pat yourself on the back.
Thank you for your feedback, Brandon! I am very happy to know that you are so satisfied with the lessons. I've always believed that you could make it and I am glad that we never gave it up. The right attitude and a high level of perseverance have been the keys to your success. It has been a pleasure to be your guide in your learning process. I know that you can do much more, so let's continue towards a next level!
Dear Anita, Thank you very much for your nice review! I enjoy our lessons very much too and I am so happy that our communication and chemistry fit well together. That's the best precondition for a good learning experience. See you soon!
Fabrizio's children are learning French very fast, I have the impression that these lessons online have been helpful for them and I am sure they will master the language easily. They are very interested in learning.
Thank you, Danilo. It is always a pleasure having lessons with you and I have enjoyed our many conversations together. And what a joy that over time they have become easier for both of us to understand! :D
Dear Linda, thank you for your positive feedback. I am very happy that you feel comfortable and this is very important to me. Thanks to you for the great trust :-)
Σ' ευχαριστώ πολύ Μέγκαν! I'm glad you had a good experience and that you enjoyed it. Your excitment about learning greek motivates me even more :)
Hi Alba! Thank you so much for your wonderful review! I enjoyed our class too & I wish you the best of luck with all your future projects :-)
Dear Silvia, thank you very much for your feedback! It's a real pleasure to have classes with you, and I hope you find them useful!
Thank you very much for your words! You are a very diligent student! You apply and take one step forward with each lesson! See you soon!
Thank you very much for your feedback, Ira. Your interest and your willpower to improve your Spanish is admirable. Keep it up!
Hi Mia, thank you for this feedback. We will continue in this way until you are ready for your exam!
Thank you Dan for the great review! A student like you makes everything easier. I hope to continue like that!
Thanks so much. It is understood that for any difficulty and / or misunderstanding I am at your disposal.Rina
Maria Grazia L.
Thanks a lot for the nice review. It is a real pleasure to be able to help you with German.
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