• German grammar
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  • 1 German pronunciation [0/1]
  • 2 German functions of words [0/5]
  • 3 German sentence structure [0/28]
  • Construct a German sentence! (Score -/-)
  • Make a German indirect speech! (Score -/-)
  • 3.1 Sentence structure of main clauses in German [0/4]
  • 3.2 Dependent clauses in German [0/12]
  • 3.3 Negation in German [0/3]
  • 3.4 Questions in German [0/2]
  • 3.5 Indirect speech in German [0/2]
  • 3.6 Conjunctions in German [0/3]
  • 4 German Articles [0/7]
  • 5 German nouns [0/28]
  • Fill in the correct form of the German noun! (Score -/-)
  • Form the correct plural form of the German nouns! (Score -/-)
  • Fill in the correct definite and indefinite article! (Score -/-)
  • Translate these nouns into German (Score -/-)
  • Match the right German word to the sentences (Score -/-)
  • 5.1 Gender of German nouns (substantives) - der, die, das [0/9]
  • 5.2 Plural of German nouns [0/4]
  • 5.3 German declension (N-declension) [0/4]
  • 5.4 Diminutive (-lein, -chen) in German [0/3]
  • 5.5 Compound nouns in German [0/2]
  • 5.6 Adjectives and verbs as nouns in German [0/1]
  • 6 German pronouns [0/19]
  • 7 German cases [0/13]
  • 8 German adjectives [0/29]
  • Exercise for building German adjectives (Score -/-)
  • Determine the form of use of these German adjectives! (Score -/-)
  • Transform these German adjectives to their nominal form (Score -/-)
  • Build the comparative and superlative of these German adjectives (Score -/-)
  • Insert the German attributive adjective! (Score -/-)
  • 8.1 Different types of adjectives in German [0/3]
  • 8.2 How to form German adjectives [0/1]
  • 8.3 German participle as adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.4 Comparative and superlative adjectives in German [0/4]
  • 8.5 Declension of German adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.6 Forming and declension of ordinal numbers in German [0/2]
  • 8.7 Possessive adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.8 Demonstrative adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.9 Interrogative and exclamatory adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.10 Indefinite adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.11 List of German Adjectives [0/2]
  • 9 German adverbs [0/13]
  • 10 German verbs [0/67]
  • Match the correct German verb to the sentences (Score -/-)
  • Form the German simple past and participle II form (Score -/-)
  • Exercise to match the right German auxiliary verb! (Score -/-)
  • Choose the right conjugation of the German verbs (Score -/-)
  • Build the German form of politeness! (Score -/-)
  • 10.1 Auxiliary verbs in German [0/5]
  • 10.2 Modal verbs in German [0/8]
  • 10.3 Separable and inseparable verbs in German [0/3]
  • 10.4 Conjugation of regular verbs (weak verbs) in German
  • 10.5 Conjugation of irregular verbs (strong verbs) in German [0/45]
  • Exercise: German irregular verbs (Score -/-)
  • 10.5.1 Conjugation of geben (to give) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.2 Conjugation of gehen (to walk, to go) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.3 Conjugation of lassen (to let) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.4 Conjugation of nehmen (to take) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.5 Conjugation of fahren (to drive) German [0/2]
  • 10.5.6 Conjugation of essen (to eat) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.7 Conjugation of lesen (to read) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.8 Conjugation of sehen (to see) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.9 Conjugation of kommen (to come) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.10 Conjugation of trinken (to drink) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.11 Conjugation of schlafen (to sleep) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.12 Conjugation of gefallen (to please) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.13 Conjugation of schreiben (to write) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.14 Conjugation of helfen (to help) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.15 Conjugation of laufen (to run) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.16 Conjugation of treffen (to meet, to hit) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.17 Conjugation of tragen (to carry) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.18 Conjugation of bleiben (to stay) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.19 Conjugation of schwimmen (to swim) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.20 Conjugation of finden (to find) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.21 Conjugation of waschen (to wash) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.22 Conjugation of bekommen (to get) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.23 Cojugation of bringen (to bring) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.24 Conjugation of sprechen (to speak) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.25 Conjugation of heißen (to be called) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.26 Conjugation of fliegen (to fly) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.27 Conjugation of backen (to bake) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.28 Conjugation of steigen (to rise) in German [0/1]
  • 10.6 List of common verbs in German [0/1]
  • 11 German prepositions [0/27]
  • Spot all the used German prepositions! (Score -/-)
  • Match the German prepositions! (Score -/-)
  • Prepositions and German grammar cases! (Score -/-)
  • Determine which kind of German preposition is being used! (Score -/-)
  • Complete the verbs and adjectives! (Score -/-)
  • 11.1 Locative prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.2 Temporal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.3 Modal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.4 Causal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.5 German prepositions requiring the genitive [0/2]
  • 11.6 German prepositions requiring the dative [0/2]
  • 11.7 German Prepositions requiring the accusative [0/2]
  • 11.8 German prepositions with either dative or accusative [0/2]
  • 11.9 German prepositions and articles [0/2]
  • 11.10 German prepositions with verbs [0/2]
  • 11.11 German prepositions and adjectives [0/2]
  • 12 Tenses and conjugation of German verbs [0/23]
  • 13 Infinitive in German [0/8]
  • 14 Imperative in German [0/3]
  • 15 Subjunctive in German [0/6]
  • 16 Active and passive voice in German [0/2]
  • 17 Participle in German [0/6]
  • Declension of German adjectives

    In German there are different types of adjectives. While one type needs to be declined in order to fit into the sentence, the other ones stay in their normal form. This chapter deals with the conjugation of German attributive adjectives.

    Different types of German adjectives

    In contrast to the attributive adjectives, the predicative adjectives follow the noun in a sentence and therefore don't need to be declined.

    • Das Auto ist rot. = the car is red.

    Because attributive adjectives come between the article of a noun and the noun itself, it is necessary to decline the adjective to adapt it to the noun.

    • das rote Auto = the red car

    enlightenedHave a look at the chapter about different types of adjectives in German to get a better idea of their differences.

    Correct conjugation of German attributive adjectives

    In order to determine the right form of declension you need to have a at these characteristics:

    • The article belonging to the noun (definitie / indefinite)
    • The number of the noun (singular / plural)
    • The gender of the noun (masculine / feminine /neutral)
    • The case of the noun (nominative / genitive / dative / accusative)

    To find the right form of declension afterwards, you mainly should have a look at the article:

    1. the weak declension (definite article + adjctive)
    2. the strong declension (indefinite article + adjective)
    3. the mixed declension (no preceding article + adjective)

    The weak declension of German adjectives

    The weak declension is used, an definite article like der, die, das, die (plural) refers to the noun of a sentence. In this case, the article gives enough information about the number, gender and case of the noun.

    enlightenedAlways keep in mind, that the article has to be declined as well. To learn more about it, have a look at the chapter about definite german articles.

     

    Table of weak declension

    weak declension Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
    Nominative der liebe Vater die liebe Mutter das liebe Kind die lieben Kinder
    Accusative den lieben Vater die liebe Mutter das liebe Kind die lieben Kinder
    Dative dem lieben Vater der lieben Mutter dem lieben Kind den lieben Kindern
    Genitive des lieben Vaters der lieben Mutter des lieben Kindes

    der lieben Kinder

     

    enlightenedIn this case the declension is very easy, since the adjective can only have the endings '-e' or '-en'.

    For more detailed information about the four german cases have a look at the special chapter about it.

    The mixed declension of German adjectives

    The mixed declension is used, if:

    comes before the adjective and the noun of a sentence.

    Table of mixed declension

    Mixed declension Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
    Nominative ein lieber Vater eine liebe Mutter ein liebes Kind keine lieben Kinder
    Accusative einen lieben Vater eine liebe Mutter ein liebes Kind keine lieben Kinder
    Dative einem lieben Vater einer lieben Mutter einem lieben Kind keinen lieben Kindern
    Genitive eines lieben Vaters einer lieben Mutter eines lieben Kindes keiner lieben Kinder

     

    The strong declension of German adjectives

    The strong declension is used when no definite or indefinite article comes before the noun. When and when not you use articles in German is explained in another chapter. 

    enlightenedThere are some exeptions to this rule. If a pronoun (e.g. dergleichen, dessen, wessen etc.) precedes the adjective you should also use the strong declension.

    Table of strong declension

    strong declension Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
    Nominative lieber Vater liebe Mutter liebes Kind liebe Kinder
    Accusative lieben Vater liebe Mutter liebes Kind liebe Kinder
    Dative liebem Vater lieber Mutter liebem Kinde lieben Kindern
    Genitive lieben Vaters lieber Mutter lieben Kindes lieber Kinder

     

    Spelling changes of adjectives in German

    We might need to change the appearance and spelling of the adjective in order to wisely insert it into a sentence. The same thing might be necessary if prefixes and suffixes, or the different forms of comparative and superlative will be used. Then you always have to watch the right spelling of the words.

     

    Adjective and ending Example
    voll + ig = völlig (completely) völlig ausverkauft (completely sold out)
    krank + lich = kränklich (sikish) das kränkliche Mädchen (the sikish girl)
    schwarz + lich = schwärzlich (blackish) das schwärzliche Kleid (the blackish dress)

     

    Adjective Comparative Superlative
    alt älter am ältesten
    klug klüger am klügsten
    schwach schwächer am schwächsten
    teuer teurer am teuersten

     

    Exercises

    Declension of German adjectives 1

    Declension of German adjectives 2