Plural of German nouns
- 1.What is the plural of the nouns in German?
- 2.German plural without change of the endings
- 2.1.German plural without change and without Umlaut (")
- 2.2.German plural without change but with Umlaut
- 3.Plural ending -e in German
- 3.1.Plural ending -e without Umlaut
- 3.2.Plural ending -e with Umlaut
- 4.Plural ending -er in German
- 4.1.Plural ending -er without Umlaut
- 4.2.Plural ending -er with Umlaut
- 5.Plural ending -n or -en in German
- 6.Plural ending -s in German
- 7.Which nouns in German have no plural?
- 8.Which German nouns do just exist in plural?
- 9.Nouns with different meanings according to the plural
- 10.1.Exercise of German plurals
- 10.2.Exercise about plurals with mutated vowels
- 10.3.Singular form = plural form
- 10.4.Plural form of German nouns
What is the plural of the nouns in German?
This table below shows some examples:
|das Auto||die Autos||car - cars|
|das Bild||die Bilder||picture - pictures|
|die Frau||die Frauen||woman - women|
Unlike in English, the plural in German is very irregular. Although it is essential to learn the form of the plural by learning vocabulary words, there are some tips for recognizing the plural form of certain words.
We distinguish between five different endings to form the plural.
- no change of the ending with and without Umlaut
- -e and -e + Umlaut
- -er and -er + Umlaut
- -n and -en
German plural without change of the endings
Some nouns do not have any plural endings. Among this category, some radicals remain unchanged, while others take a mutated vowel (Umlaut ä,ö,ü). Most of these names have an ending in -er, -el, -en.
German plural without change and without Umlaut (")
This table shows the type of nouns that are not changed in the plural and have no mutated vowel.
|What type of nouns?||Example|
|Masculine||All the nouns with the endings -el, -er and -en|
|Feminine||no female noun follows this pattern|
some neuter nouns with the endings -el, -en and -en
German diminutives, ending on -chen or -lein
German plural without change but with Umlaut
There are nouns in German whose endings do not change in the plural but they have an Umlaut on the vowel of their radical.
|What type of noun?||Examples|
|Masculine||nouns with the endings -en, -el and -en|
|Feminine||there are two nouns with an Umlaut in plural|
|Neuter||there is one noun with an Umlaut in plural|
Plural ending -e in German
Many German nouns form their plural by adding an -e at the end of the noun. Some of them use an Umlaut, others have their radical unchanged.
Plural ending -e without Umlaut
The radical of some nouns remain unchanged in the plural but they take the suffix -e. Most of them are in masculine, rarely in feminine or neuter.
|What type of noun?||Example|
Most of the masculine nouns and some nouns with the endings -ling, -ig and -eur
|Feminine||Nouns with the ending -nis. In this case the s is doubled (-nisse)|
|Neuter||Most of the neuter noun and nouns with the endings -nis or -sal. For the neuter nouns with the ending -nis the is doubled (-nisse)|
Plural ending -e with Umlaut
The plural of certain nouns is formed with the suffix -e and an Umlaut on the vowel of the radical. Among these names are the majority of male names and some feminine and neutral nouns.
|What type of noun?||Example|
|Masculine||The plural of most of the masculine nouns are formed like this|
|Feminine||Most of the monosyllabic female nouns use this rule|
|Neuter||It exists one neuter noun for this rule|
Plural ending -er in German
Some German nouns use the suffix -er to form the plural. The radical can sometimes take an umlaut on the vowel. Among these names, we find the majority of neutral names and some male names.
Plural ending -er without Umlaut
This table shows the plural of some nouns, where the radical stays unchanged and the suffix -er is used.
|What type of noun?||Examples|
|Masculine||the are not so many masculine nouns that adopt this rule|
|Feminine||there is no feminine noun that uses this plural ending rule|
|Neuter||Most of the neuter nouns use this rule. Nouns that do not take Umlaut are those whose radical does not contain a vowel capable of carrying an umlaut.|
Plural ending -er with Umlaut
The plural of certain nouns is formed with the suffix -er and an Umlaut on the vowel of the radical.
|What type of noun?||Example|
Some masculine nouns, usually monosyllabic
Some masculine nouns, that end on -tum
|Feminine||there no feminine nouns whose plural is formed like this|
|Neuter||most of the neuter nouns this rule|
Plural ending -n or -en in German
Some names have the -n or -en in the plural. The radical never takes an Umlaut. Most of these nouns are feminine, but there are also some masculine and neuter nouns that use this ending in their plural.
|What type of noun?||Example|
weak and mixed masculine nouns
other masculine nouns
nouns ending with -e
feminine nouns ending with a consonant or a double vowel (-au)
nouns ending with -in (mostly nouns formed out of masculine nouns), the -n is then doubled (-nnen)
nouns ending with -um or -ma
other neuter nouns
Plural ending -s in German
There are some German nouns that take a -s in their plural form. Here the radical can not be changed, which means that there is no Umlaut in the plural forms of the nouns.
Which nouns in German have no plural?
This table shows when the German nouns do not have a plural form.
|Type of noun||Example|
The plural of money das Geld exists: die Gelder , but it can be translated into funds in English.
Which German nouns do just exist in plural?
Conversely, some German nouns have no singular and they are just used in plural. Here are some examples:
- die Eltern - parents
- die Ferien - holiday
- die Geschwister - siblings
- die Leute - people
Nouns with different meanings according to the plural
Some nouns in German use the same singular with different meaning, just the building of their plural varies. This table shows you some examples.
Although, there are rules of the German plural, it is easier to learn the plurals of the nouns by heart. Check your knowledge of this topic with our free exercises. If you are not sure about the plural of a noun, you can request the information through http://www.duden.de . And don't worry, even the Germans themselves exercise this website.
Some names have the suffix -n or -en in the plural. The radical never takes umlaut. Most of these names are female names, but there are some masculine and neutral names.
What our students say
Unlike in other platforms, all our teachers are manually verified by our professional team. Trust in the experiences of our students.
Elena is an excellent teacher and a very nice person. I have been training in Spanish with Elena for quite some time now after her being recommended to me by a friend, and have consistently been very pleased with our lessons. While I do not consider myself to be very good at learning foreign languages, Elena is very patient and adapts the lessons to my ability, making me feel at ease. In fact, I find her to be extremely skilled at assessing exactly where I am at any given time with respect to my individual learning situation, and structuring the lessons accordingly. I think I probably would have given up trying to learn Spanish had I not began my study with Elena; and that would have been a shame considering where I am now with the language. Because of Elena's skilled help, I am extremely pleased to not only be conversant in basic Spanish, but also have confidence that I will one day reach full proficiency with the language. No other learning method I tried before meeting Elena compares to the one-on-one, personalized instruction I receive from her, which comprises reading; writing; developmental exercises; and most importantly, conversation. To be able to look at Spanish now and have it appear largely familiar is extremely satisfying. I even plan to study Italian with Elena after reaching my desired level in Spanish. These are not things I ever imagined would occur at the beginning stages of my studies. I am a native English speaker and find Elena's English to be excellent. She had no difficulty instructing me from the very beginning levels where it was necessary that a lot of English be spoken in our lessons, to where we are now with much less English being spoken. The friend who recommended Elena to me learned Dutch from her, and is equally pleased with their experience. I would not hesitate to learn from Elena any of the languages she teaches. I give Elena my highest recommendations and thank her for all the help she has provided me.
Thank you for your feedback, Brandon! I am very happy to know that you are so satisfied with the lessons. I've always believed that you could make it and I am glad that we never gave it up. The right attitude and a high level of perseverance have been the keys to your success. It has been a pleasure to be your guide in your learning process. I know that you can do much more, so let's continue towards a next level!
Hands down one of the best teachers I've had the pleasure of working with. Very knowledgeable in all aspects of Bulgarian (grammar rules, expressions, ...) but also in both English and French, which helps whenever you have a more in-depth question on the how or why something is the way it is in Bulgarian. Furthermore he has his own material and always comes prepared, but he is equally open to changing the subject of a lesson to suit your needs. He is patient, positive and not too scholarly, which is what you need as an adult learning day- to- day Bulgarian.I have been working with him for 18 months now and still look forward to our lessons every week.
An's Bulgarian has tremendously improved since she gave it go a year and a half ago. Of course, It goes without saying that I am pleased to work with such an enthusiastic learner who is living proof that, through hard work and perseverance, everyone can succeed in their language goals. An, you are now an independant user of the language who is able to successfully lead real-live conversations. Pat yourself on the back.
Again a lesson full of fun anf full of learning opportunities. I really like Angels patience and ability to adapt to my learning process.
This student is one of the best ones I ever had in my long teaching career. She is always so diligent and willing to learn more and more. I am so happy to work with her and see the immense progress she has made since we first started working together. Thank you Silke!
I would highly recommend Tove. Her lessons are fantastic and I learn exactly what I'm interested in. Tove is very friendly, our chemistry goes well together and I really enjoy being tought by her.
Dear Anita, Thank you very much for your nice review! I enjoy our lessons very much too and I am so happy that our communication and chemistry fit well together. That's the best precondition for a good learning experience. See you soon!
We are an Italian family residing in France for 3 months, we have two 10 year old children who have just started attending CM1. We asked Natalia to give the children two lessons a week to speed up their learning. We are super happy with the choice. Nous sommes une famille italienne résidant en France depuis janvier, nous avons deux enfants de 10 ans qui viennent de commencer la CM1. Nous avons demandé à Natalia de leur donner deux leçons par semaine pour accélérer leur apprentissage. Nous sommes super contents de Natalia. We are an Italian family living in France since 3 months, we have two 10 year old children who have just started attending CM1. We asked Natalia to give the kids two lessons a week to speed up their learning. We are super happy with this choice.
Fabrizio's children are learning French very fast, I have the impression that these lessons online have been helpful for them and I am sure they will master the language easily. They are very interested in learning.
Daniela is a very pleasant and brisk teacher who has the talent to make you feel at ease immediately. Her lessons are a nice mix of conversation and theory. Again and again it is a nice hour to look forward to !! Thank you Daniela !!
Dear Hilde, thank you very much for your words. I'm glad you are satisfied with our time together. I will continue to do my best to make you practice your beautiful Italian in a cheerful and peaceful way :-)
It is always a pleasure to have English lessons with Corinne. The lessons are always a lot of fun and extremely interesting concerning on current affairs and unfortunately the time always ends too early. Very recommended.
Thank you, Danilo. It is always a pleasure having lessons with you and I have enjoyed our many conversations together. And what a joy that over time they have become easier for both of us to understand! :D
Carmen is really prepared and very very nice. She takes you by the hand and introduces you to portuguese language in a really pleasant way. I learned 3-4 sentences already on the first lesson!
Fabia is a very nice student and learns very quickly. It is a pleasure to teach her as she really likes to learn a difficult language like Portuguese and improved a lot.
It was very nice to take a lesson from Theano (Anny). She is adaptable to the student's level and is prepared to help the student as necessary. She is a friendly and caring teacher!
Σ' ευχαριστώ πολύ Μέγκαν! I'm glad you had a good experience and that you enjoyed it. Your excitment about learning greek motivates me even more :)
Marissa is a very professional teacher who can put the student at ease. It is precise, effective and oriented towards achieving the objectives: highly recommended.
Thanks so much Paola!!! I LOVE working with you guys and have enjoyed every moment. Even after this brief period, we can already start to see some changes. :-)
I have had many lessons with Luisa and I always look forward to them. We begin by chatting about the past week's events and them move to Espresso which I find very useful as a good review of material I have done in the past. There is often additional words used I had not met before. Luisa is always a pleasure to talk with and is a kind and pleasant teacher. She corrects me gently and offers useful words or meanings when appropriate.
Dear Martin thank you so much ! It's my pleasure taking class with you. And thanks a lot for your suggestion about Us movies ( Just Mercy) or Us books
I had my first lesson a couple of days ago and everything went super good!
Karin was attentive, transmiting her positivism and helping me with every doubt I had.
She really focus on teaching how to pronounce and talk a language, so this is really interesting for me, to practise it & be able to use it in my day by day.
I really recommend her to everyone willing to learn a new language :)
Hi Alba! Thank you so much for your wonderful review! I enjoyed our class too & I wish you the best of luck with all your future projects :-)
A prepared and kind teacher, ready to teach with patience and good humor. He provided me with very useful materials to study and review even after the lesson. I recommend it to anyone who wants to learn a language with a smile. Thanks Silvia :)
Thank you so much for the Chiara review! It was a real pleasure to have this lesson with you. I wish you a nice trip with the German language!
The lesson with Celia was perfect! She was puntcual, kind and her teaching method is effective and funny.
She started the class with some "games" to get to know eachother and then we discussed about an article she provided. The time of the class passed really fast and I learned new vocabulary.
Thank you so much, Remark! I´m happy to know you enjoyed our lesson and I´m looking forward to having more in the near future! Cheers!
Ekaterina writes new words and sentences learnt during the lesson. She has got a very nice attitude and great accent! A pleasure to work with... yes, even in German!!!!!
Dear Silvia, thank you very much for your feedback! It's a real pleasure to have classes with you, and I hope you find them useful!