• German grammar
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  • 1 German pronunciation [0/1]
  • 2 German functions of words [0/5]
  • 3 German sentence structure [0/28]
  • Construct a German sentence! (Score -/-)
  • Make a German indirect speech! (Score -/-)
  • 3.1 Sentence structure of main clauses in German [0/4]
  • 3.2 Dependent clauses in German [0/12]
  • 3.3 Negation in German [0/3]
  • 3.4 Questions in German [0/2]
  • 3.5 Indirect speech in German [0/2]
  • 3.6 Conjunctions in German [0/3]
  • 4 German Articles [0/7]
  • 5 German nouns [0/28]
  • Fill in the correct form of the German noun! (Score -/-)
  • Form the correct plural form of the German nouns! (Score -/-)
  • Fill in the correct definite and indefinite article! (Score -/-)
  • Translate these nouns into German (Score -/-)
  • Match the right German word to the sentences (Score -/-)
  • 5.1 Gender of German nouns (substantives) - der, die, das [0/9]
  • 5.2 Plural of German nouns [0/4]
  • 5.3 German declension (N-declension) [0/4]
  • 5.4 Diminutive (-lein, -chen) in German [0/3]
  • 5.5 Compound nouns in German [0/2]
  • 5.6 Adjectives and verbs as nouns in German [0/1]
  • 6 German pronouns [0/19]
  • 7 German cases [0/13]
  • 8 German adjectives [0/29]
  • Exercise for building German adjectives (Score -/-)
  • Determine the form of use of these German adjectives! (Score -/-)
  • Transform these German adjectives to their nominal form (Score -/-)
  • Build the comparative and superlative of these German adjectives (Score -/-)
  • Insert the German attributive adjective! (Score -/-)
  • 8.1 Different types of adjectives in German [0/3]
  • 8.2 How to form German adjectives [0/1]
  • 8.3 German participle as adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.4 Comparative and superlative adjectives in German [0/4]
  • 8.5 Declension of German adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.6 Forming and declension of ordinal numbers in German [0/2]
  • 8.7 Possessive adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.8 Demonstrative adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.9 Interrogative and exclamatory adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.10 Indefinite adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.11 List of German Adjectives [0/2]
  • 9 German adverbs [0/13]
  • 10 German verbs [0/67]
  • Match the correct German verb to the sentences (Score -/-)
  • Form the German simple past and participle II form (Score -/-)
  • Exercise to match the right German auxiliary verb! (Score -/-)
  • Choose the right conjugation of the German verbs (Score -/-)
  • Build the German form of politeness! (Score -/-)
  • 10.1 Auxiliary verbs in German [0/5]
  • 10.2 Modal verbs in German [0/8]
  • 10.3 Separable and inseparable verbs in German [0/3]
  • 10.4 Conjugation of regular verbs (weak verbs) in German
  • 10.5 Conjugation of irregular verbs (strong verbs) in German [0/45]
  • Exercise: German irregular verbs (Score -/-)
  • 10.5.1 Conjugation of geben (to give) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.2 Conjugation of gehen (to walk, to go) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.3 Conjugation of lassen (to let) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.4 Conjugation of nehmen (to take) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.5 Conjugation of fahren (to drive) German [0/2]
  • 10.5.6 Conjugation of essen (to eat) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.7 Conjugation of lesen (to read) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.8 Conjugation of sehen (to see) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.9 Conjugation of kommen (to come) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.10 Conjugation of trinken (to drink) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.11 Conjugation of schlafen (to sleep) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.12 Conjugation of gefallen (to please) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.13 Conjugation of schreiben (to write) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.14 Conjugation of helfen (to help) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.15 Conjugation of laufen (to run) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.16 Conjugation of treffen (to meet, to hit) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.17 Conjugation of tragen (to carry) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.18 Conjugation of bleiben (to stay) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.19 Conjugation of schwimmen (to swim) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.20 Conjugation of finden (to find) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.21 Conjugation of waschen (to wash) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.22 Conjugation of bekommen (to get) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.23 Cojugation of bringen (to bring) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.24 Conjugation of sprechen (to speak) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.25 Conjugation of heißen (to be called) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.26 Conjugation of fliegen (to fly) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.27 Conjugation of backen (to bake) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.28 Conjugation of steigen (to rise) in German [0/1]
  • 10.6 List of common verbs in German [0/1]
  • 11 German prepositions [0/27]
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  • Match the German prepositions! (Score -/-)
  • Prepositions and German grammar cases! (Score -/-)
  • Determine which kind of German preposition is being used! (Score -/-)
  • Complete the verbs and adjectives! (Score -/-)
  • 11.1 Locative prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.2 Temporal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.3 Modal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.4 Causal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.5 German prepositions requiring the genitive [0/2]
  • 11.6 German prepositions requiring the dative [0/2]
  • 11.7 German Prepositions requiring the accusative [0/2]
  • 11.8 German prepositions with either dative or accusative [0/2]
  • 11.9 German prepositions and articles [0/2]
  • 11.10 German prepositions with verbs [0/2]
  • 11.11 German prepositions and adjectives [0/2]
  • 12 Tenses and conjugation of German verbs [0/23]
  • 13 Infinitive in German [0/8]
  • 14 Imperative in German [0/3]
  • 15 Subjunctive in German [0/6]
  • 16 Active and passive voice in German [0/2]
  • 17 Participle in German [0/6]
  • Possessive adjectives in German

    This chapter will deal with the possessive form of adjectives.

    What are possessive adjectives in German?

    Possessive adjectives are used to indicate possession or relationship. This concept is very similar to the possessive pronouns. To make sure you get the difference, have a look at the following table. Each personal pronoun has an appropriate possessive adjective.

    Table of possessive adjectives according to person

    Singular Personal pronoun Possessive adjective
    1st person ich (I) mein (my)
    2nd person du (you) dein (your)
    3rd person masculine er (he) sein (his)
    3rd person feminine sie (she) ihr (her)
    3rd person neuter es (it) sein (its)
    formal Sie (you) Ihr (your)

     

    Plural Personal pronoun Possessive adjective
    1st person wir (we) unser (our)
    2nd person ihr (you) euer (your)
    3rd person sie (they) ihr (their)
    formal Sie (you) Ihr (your)

     

    enlightenedThe formal possessive adjective is always written with a capital letter. However, dein and euer can also be capitalized, when written in a letter, but this is optional.

    • Lieber Felix, vielen Dank für Deinen Brief. (Dear Felix, thanks a lot for your letter.)
    • Liebe Grüße, Euer Hans. (Kind regards, yours Hans.)

    Declension of possessive adjectives

    Because the possessive adjective stands right in front of the noun of a sentence, the adjective needs to be declined according to the gender, number and case of the noun. To do so, you have to use the declension for indefinite articles (ein, kein, etc.) and to declense it in the following way:

    Possessive adjective endings Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
    Nominative mein - / Bruder mein - e Schwester mein - / Kind mein - e Kinder
    Accusative mein - en Bruder mein - e Schwester mein - / Kind mein - e Kinder
    Dative mein - em Bruder mein - er Schwester mein - em Kind mein - en Kindern
    Genitive mein - es Bruders mein - er Schwester mein - es Kindes mein - er Kinder

     

    enlightenedWatch out, because there is no ending of the possessive adjective in nominative masculine, nominative neuter and accusative Neuter. The possessive adjective just comes is his main form.

    Difference between possessive adjectives and possessive pronouns

    You might think that there isn't a huge difference between this two types of possessive words. But in fact there is.

    • Possessive adjectives (mein/e, dein/e etc.) stand right before the noun.
    • Possessive pronouns (meins, deins etc.) stand behind the noun and can also replace it.
    Sentence with possessive pronoun Sentence with possessive adjectives
    Das Fahrrad ist meins./Das ist meins. (The bicycle is mine.) Das ist mein Fahrrad. (This is my bicycle.)
    Die braune Katze ist ihre. (The brown cat is hers.) Ihre Katze ist braun. (Her cat is brown.)
    Wessen Auto ist das? Deins? (Whose car is this? Yours?) Wessen Auto ist das? Ist es dein Auto? (Whose car is this? Is it your car?)
    Ist dieser Stift deiner? (Is this pen yours?) Ist das dein Stift? (Is that your pen?)

     

    Examples of possessive adjectives sentences in German

    • Wo ist meine Schwester? (Where is my sister?)
    • Ich kenne deinen Bruder noch nicht. (I don't know your brother yet.)
    • Er läuft durch unseren Garten. (He is running through our garden.)
    • Kennst du meine Tante und ihren Mann? (Do you know my aunt and her husband?)
    • Wo ist eure Mutter? (Where is your mother?)

    enlightenedBy using the possessive euer, the endings are normally put to eur- (e.g. euren, eure, eurem).

    To get a deeper understanding of possessive pronoun, have look at the chapter about prossessive pronouns in German.

    Exercises

    Exercise on possessive adjectives in German

    Exercise: Possessive adjective or pronoun?