• German grammar
    0%
  • 1 German pronunciation [0/1]
  • 2 German functions of words [0/5]
  • 3 German sentence structure [0/28]
  • Construct a German sentence! (Score -/-)Free
  • Make a German indirect speech! (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 Sentence structure of main clauses in German [0/4]
  • 3.2 Dependent clauses in German [0/12]
  • 3.3 Negation in German [0/3]
  • 3.4 Questions in German [0/2]
  • 3.5 Indirect speech in German [0/2]
  • 3.6 Conjunctions in German [0/3]
  • 4 German Articles [0/7]
  • 5 German nouns [0/28]
  • Fill in the correct form of the German noun! (Score -/-)Free
  • Form the correct plural form of the German nouns! (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the correct definite and indefinite article! (Score -/-)Free
  • Translate these nouns into German (Score -/-)Free
  • Match the right German word to the sentences (Score -/-)Free
  • 5.1 Gender of German nouns (substantives) - der, die, das [0/9]
  • 5.2 Plural of German nouns [0/4]
  • 5.3 German declension (N-declension) [0/4]
  • 5.4 Diminutive (-lein, -chen) in German [0/3]
  • 5.5 Compound nouns in German [0/2]
  • 5.6 Adjectives and verbs as nouns in German [0/1]
  • 6 German pronouns [0/19]
  • 7 German cases [0/13]
  • 8 German adjectives [0/29]
  • Exercise for building German adjectives (Score -/-)Free
  • Determine the form of use of these German adjectives! (Score -/-)Free
  • Transform these German adjectives to their nominal form (Score -/-)Free
  • Build the comparative and superlative of these German adjectives (Score -/-)Free
  • Insert the German attributive adjective! (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Different types of adjectives in German [0/3]
  • 8.2 How to form German adjectives [0/1]
  • 8.3 German participle as adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.4 Comparative and superlative adjectives in German [0/4]
  • 8.5 Declension of German adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.6 Forming and declension of ordinal numbers in German [0/2]
  • 8.7 Possessive adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.8 Demonstrative adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.9 Interrogative and exclamatory adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.10 Indefinite adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.11 List of German Adjectives [0/2]
  • 9 German adverbs [0/13]
  • 10 German verbs [0/67]
  • Match the correct German verb to the sentences (Score -/-)Free
  • Form the German simple past and participle II form (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise to match the right German auxiliary verb! (Score -/-)Free
  • Choose the right conjugation of the German verbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Build the German form of politeness! (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.1 Auxiliary verbs in German [0/5]
  • 10.2 Modal verbs in German [0/8]
  • 10.3 Separable and inseparable verbs in German [0/3]
  • 10.4 Conjugation of regular verbs (weak verbs) in German
  • 10.5 Conjugation of irregular verbs (strong verbs) in German [0/45]
  • Exercise: German irregular verbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.5.1 Conjugation of geben (to give) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.2 Conjugation of gehen (to walk, to go) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.3 Conjugation of lassen (to let) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.4 Conjugation of nehmen (to take) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.5 Conjugation of fahren (to drive) German [0/2]
  • 10.5.6 Conjugation of essen (to eat) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.7 Conjugation of lesen (to read) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.8 Conjugation of sehen (to see) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.9 Conjugation of kommen (to come) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.10 Conjugation of trinken (to drink) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.11 Conjugation of schlafen (to sleep) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.12 Conjugation of gefallen (to please) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.13 Conjugation of schreiben (to write) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.14 Conjugation of helfen (to help) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.15 Conjugation of laufen (to run) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.16 Conjugation of treffen (to meet, to hit) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.17 Conjugation of tragen (to carry) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.18 Conjugation of bleiben (to stay) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.19 Conjugation of schwimmen (to swim) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.20 Conjugation of finden (to find) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.21 Conjugation of waschen (to wash) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.22 Conjugation of bekommen (to get) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.23 Cojugation of bringen (to bring) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.24 Conjugation of sprechen (to speak) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.25 Conjugation of heißen (to be called) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.26 Conjugation of fliegen (to fly) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.27 Conjugation of backen (to bake) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.28 Conjugation of steigen (to rise) in German [0/1]
  • 10.6 List of common verbs in German [0/1]
  • 11 German prepositions [0/27]
  • Spot all the used German prepositions! (Score -/-)Free
  • Match the German prepositions! (Score -/-)Free
  • Prepositions and German grammar cases! (Score -/-)Free
  • Determine which kind of German preposition is being used! (Score -/-)Free
  • Complete the verbs and adjectives! (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 Locative prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.2 Temporal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.3 Modal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.4 Causal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.5 German prepositions requiring the genitive [0/2]
  • 11.6 German prepositions requiring the dative [0/2]
  • 11.7 German Prepositions requiring the accusative [0/2]
  • 11.8 German prepositions with either dative or accusative [0/2]
  • 11.9 German prepositions and articles [0/2]
  • 11.10 German prepositions with verbs [0/2]
  • 11.11 German prepositions and adjectives [0/2]
  • 12 Tenses and conjugation of German verbs [0/23]
  • Form the correct German tense! (Score -/-)Free
  • Choose the correct German tense! (Score -/-)Free
  • 12.1 Present tense (Präsens) in German [0/4]
  • 12.2 Simple past tense (Präteritum) in German [0/4]
  • 12.3 Present perfect (Perfekt) in German [0/3]
  • 12.4 Past perfect tense (Plusquamperfekt) in German [0/3]
  • 12.5 German future I [0/4]
  • 12.6 German Future II [0/3]
  • 13 Infinitive in German [0/8]
  • 14 Imperative in German [0/3]
  • 15 Subjunctive in German [0/6]
  • 16 Active and passive voice in German [0/2]
  • 17 Participle in German [0/6]
  • Conjugation of irregular verbs (strong verbs) in German

    Exercises

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    1. Exercise: German irregular verbs Score -/-

    German strong verbs

    In German there are approximately 200 irregular verbs (also called strong verbs), many of which are part of the basic German vocabulary. When a strong verb is conjugated the vowel of its word stem is changed. There are three different possibilities:

    • Vowel changes from e to i 
    • Vowel change from e to ie
    • ​Vowel change from a to ä

    See the conjugation of them in the next chapters.

    Verbs with a vowel change 

    In the present tense a vowel change only happens in the 2. and 3. person singular. In plural the conjugation is identical with those of regular verbs.

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    Vowel changes from e to i 

    Personal form helfen (to help)
    ich (I) helfe
    du (you) hilfst
    er/sie/es (he/she/it) hilft
    wir (we) helfen
    ihr (you (pl.)) helft
    sie/Sie (they) helfen

    The following verbs have a vowel change from e to i:

    • ab/nehmen (to take (off))  - du nimmst (ab) ; er/sie/es nimmt (ab)
    • aus/brechen (to break (out)) - du brichst (aus) ; er/sie/es bricht (aus)
    • erschrecken (to be scared) - du erschrickst ; er/sie/es erschrickt
    • essen (to eat) - du isst ; er/sie/es isst
    • fressen (to eat) - du frisst ; er/sie/es frisst
    • geben (to give) - du gibst ; er sie es gibt
    • gelten (to count) - er/sie/es gilt
    • helfen (to help) - du hilfst ; er/sie/es hilft
    • messen (to messure) - du misst ; er/sie/es misst
    • sprechen (to speak) - du sprichst ; er/sie/es spricht
    • sterben (to die) - du stirbst ; er/sie/es stirbt
    • treffen (to meet) - du triffst ; er/sie/es trifft
    • treten (to kick) - du trittst ; er/sie/es tritt
    • vergessen (to forget) - du vergisst ; er/sie/es vergisst
    • werfen (to throw) - du wirfst ; er/sie/es wirft

    Vowel change from e to ie

    Personal form sehen (to see)
    ich (I)  sehe
    du (you)  siehst
    er/sie/es (he/she/it) sieht
    wir (we) sehen
    ihr (you (pl.)) seht
    sie/Sie (they) sehen

    The following verbs have a vowel change from e to ie:

    • befehlen (to command) - du befiehlst ; er/sie/es befiehlt
    • empfehlen (to recommend) - du empfiehlst ; er/sie/es befiehlt
    • geschehen (to happen) - es geschieht
    • lesen (to read) - du liest ; er/sie/es liest
    • sehen (to see) - du siehst ; er/sie/es sieht
    • stehlen (to steal) - du stiehlst ; er/sie/es stiehlt

    ​Vowel change from a to ä

    Personal form fahren (to drive)
    ich fahre
    du fährst
    er/sie/es fährt
    wir fahren
    ihr  fahrt
    sie/Sie fahren

    The following verbs have a vowel change from a to ä:

    • blasen (to blow) - du bläst ; er/sie/es bläst
    • fahren (to drive) - du fährst ; er/sie/es fährt
    • fangen (to catch) - du fängst ; er/sie/es fängt
    • graben (to dig) - du gräbst ; er/sie/es gräbt
    • halten (to hold) - du hälst ; er/sie/es hält
    • lassen (to let) - du lässt ; er/sie/es lässt
    • laufen (to walk) - du läufst ; er/sie/es läuft
    • schlafen (to sleep) - du schläfst ; er/sie/es schläft
    • schlagen (to punch) - du schlägst ; er/sie/es schlägt
    • tragen (to carry) - du trägst ; er/sie/es trägt
    • waschen (to wash) - du wäscht ; er/sie/es wäscht

    yes In the following chapters you can see the conjugations of the most important German irregular verbs

    Next lessons

    1 Conjugation of geben (to give) in German All Conjugations of the German irregular verb "geben"
    2 Conjugation of gehen (to walk, to go) in German All conjugations of the German irregular verb "gehen"
    3 Conjugation of lassen (to let) in German All Conjugations of the German irregular verb "lassen"
    4 Conjugation of nehmen (to take) in German All conjugations of the German irregular verb "nehmen"
    5 Conjugation of fahren (to drive) German This page is about the German verb fahren.
    6 Conjugation of essen (to eat) in German Conjugation of essen
    7 Conjugation of lesen (to read) in German Conjugation of lesen
    8 Conjugation of sehen (to see) in German Conjugation of sehen
    9 Conjugation of kommen (to come) in German Conjugation of kommen
    10 Conjugation of trinken (to drink) in German Conjugation of trinken
    11 Conjugation of schlafen (to sleep) in German Conjugation of schlafen
    12 Conjugation of gefallen (to please) in German Conjugation of gefallen
    13 Conjugation of schreiben (to write) in German Conjugation of schreiben
    14 Conjugation of helfen (to help) in German Conjugation of helfen
    15 Conjugation of laufen (to run) in German Conjugation of laufen
    16 Conjugation of treffen (to meet, to hit) in German Conjugation of treffen
    17 Conjugation of tragen (to carry) in German Conjugation of Tragen
    18 Conjugation of bleiben (to stay) in German Conjugation of bleiben
    19 Conjugation of schwimmen (to swim) in German Conjugation of schwimmen
    20 Conjugation of finden (to find) in German Conjugation of finden
    21 Conjugation of waschen (to wash) in German Conjugation of waschen
    22 Conjugation of bekommen (to get) in German Conjugation of bekommen
    23 Cojugation of bringen (to bring) in German Conjugation of bringen
    24 Conjugation of sprechen (to speak) in German Conjugation of sprechen
    25 Conjugation of heißen (to be called) in German Conjugation of heißen
    26 Conjugation of fliegen (to fly) in German Conjugation of fliegen
    27 Conjugation of backen (to bake) in German Conjugation of backen
    28 Conjugation of steigen (to rise) in German Conjugation of steigen