You use negations to form negative sentences in the German language. There are two different ways of forming these sentences by using "nicht" or "kein".
We use "nicht" for negation of verbs, nouns, names, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs and place, time and manner.
Nouns: "nicht" comes before the definite article
Verbs: "nicht" comes at the ending of a phrase in simple tenses. With compound tenses it is located before the full verb at the end of the sentence.
Names: "nicht" is located right in front of the name
Pronouns: "nicht" stands before the pronoun.
Adjective: "nicht" comes before the adjective
Adverbs: "nicht" stands right in front of the adverb
Place, manner, time: "nicht" stands before the preposition that goes with the indicator of place/time/manner
We use "kein" for masculine and neuter things and "keine" for feminine things. "Keine" has to be declined according to the case of the nouns it is standing with.
There is no milk in the fridge. - Es ist keine Milch im Kühlschrank.
|nominative||keine Banane||kein Apfel||kein Kind||keine Bananen|
|genitive||keiner Banane||keines Apfels||keines Kindes||keiner Bananen|
|dative||keiner Banane||keinem Apfel||keinem Kind||keinen Bananen|
|accusative||keine Banane||keinen Apfel||kein Kind||keine Bananen|
Now, that you have learned about "nicht" und "keine" in German and how to use it you can test your skills with our fun and interactive exercises.
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