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German masculine nouns list

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German masculine nouns list 

Masculine nouns are preceded by the definite article der or the indefinite articles ein. German masculine nouns can be identified by their suffix, noun groups, that they are formed out of adjectives or built out of strong verbs.

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The ending "-ich" of masculine nouns

This ending is ranked as average in terms of how often you would come across a noun with the -ich ending. The corresponding plural nouns have an -e at the end.

German nounsEnglish meaning 
der Teppichcarpet
der Sittichparakeet
der Abgleichadjustment
der Bereichrange
der Teichpond


enlightenedThere are a few exception such as das Reich (kingdom)

The ending  "-or" of masculine nouns

Nouns with this endings are ranked as average. Their plural forms have two endings, the majority with "-en" and some with "-e. 

German nounsEnglish meaning
der Ventilatorfan
der Motormotor
der Marmormarble


enlightenedExceptions are as follows; das Fluor (Fluorine), das Chlor (chlorine), das Tor (gate), das Labor (laboratory), das Dekor (decoration).

The ending "-ig" of masculine nouns

Nouns with this endings are seen less often. Their plural form also have an "-e"ending. 

German nounsEnglish meaning
der Königking
der Honighoney
der Essigvinegar


enlightenedThere are few exceptions such as : das Reisig (brushwood).

The ending "-ling" of masculine nouns

Nouns with this ending are seen less often, their plural form also have the "-e" ending. 

German nouns English meaning 
der Schmetterlingbutterfly
der Frühlingspring
der Lehrlingapprentice
der Zwillingtwin


enlightenedThere are a few exceptions: das Bowling, die Reling (railing). 

The ending  "-ismus" of masculine nouns

Nouns with this ending are seen less often. Their plural forms follows the following construction "-ismus" to "-ismen". 

German nounsEnglish meaning
der Optimismusoptimism
der Magnetismusmagnetism
der Expressionismusexpressionism
der Feudalismusfeudalism
der Kapitalismuscapitalism


The ending  "-är" of masculine nouns

Nouns with this endings are not often seen in German texts. Most verbs which have this ending are masculine. Their plural forms are formed with "-e" or "-en". 

German nouns English meaning
der Bärbear
der Veterinärveterinarian
der Aktionärstockholder
der Sekretärsecretary


enlightenedThere are a few exceptions such as: das Militär (military), das Quartär (quartenary).

The ending  "-ant" of masculine nouns

Nouns with this endings are seen less often. Their plural form come with "-en"ending. 

German nounsEnglish meaning 
der Diamantdiamond
der Fabrikantmanufacturer
der Elefantelephant
der Lieferantsupplier 

The ending "-el" of masculine nouns

Nouns with this ending can be identified as masculine.

German nounsEnglish meaning
der Schlüsselkey
der Löffelspoon
der Mantelcoat

enlightenedThere can be some exceptions, for example: die Schachtel (box).

Identification of the masculine noun by noun groups

This table shows different noun groups that can be identified as a masculine nouns.

Noun groupExamples
days and months
  • der Montag - monday
  • der Mittwoch - wednesday
  • der Oktober - october
  • der Dezember - december
seasons
  • der Sommer - summer
  • der Herbst - autumn
  • der Winter - winter
  • der Frühling - spring
male persons
  • der Onkel - uncle
  • der Vater - father
  • der Junge - boy
  • der Prinz - prince
  • der Held - hero

enlightened die Wache - guard

professions
  • der Sänger - singer
  • der Koch - cook
  • der Lehrer - teacher
cardinal points
  • der Norden - North
  • der Süden - South
  • der Westen - West
  • der Osten - East
some weather conditions
  • der Regen - rain
  • der Schnee - snow
  • der Wind - wind
  • der Blitz - lightning

enlighteneddie Sonne - sun

currency
  • der Dollar - dollar
  • der Euro - euro

Masculine nouns formed out of adjectives

Nouns that are formed from the radical of the verbs without their suffix have mostly a maculine gender.

enlightenedReminder: the radical of a verb is the part of the verb that remains unmodified when it's conjugated. Example: schlagen - strike  laufen - run, walk

VerbNounTranslation
rauchender Rauchsmoke
tanzender Tanzdance
hassender Hasshate


Weak and mixed masculine nouns (N-declension)

There certain masculine nouns that are declined irregulary for differnet cases. They end They are devided into two groups: the weak nouns and the mixed nouns.

Weak masculine nouns 

Weak masculine nouns have -n or -en as a word ending in every case, except the nominative singular. That's why it is called the N-declension. This table below shows the declination of these kind of nouns.

 NominativeGenitiveDativeAccusative
Singularder Jungedes Jungendem Jungenden Jungen
Pluraldie Jungender Jungenden Jungendie Jungen

What are the weak masculine nouns?

This table abstracts some of the weak masculine nouns.

CategoryExample
Human beings
  • der Junge - boy
  • der Neffe - nephew
  • der Kunde - client
Certain animals
  • der Löwe - lion 
  • der Affe - monkey
Nationalities
  • der Franzose - Frenchman
  • der Schwede - Swede
Nouns from foreign origin
  • der Student - student
  • der Pilot - pilot
  • des Präsident - president

Mixed masculine nouns

Mixed masculine nouns are nearly the like the weak masculine nouns. They have -e or -en as a word ending in every case, with one excaptions in the genitive singular: a -s is attached to the end of the nouns.

This table show the declinasion of the mixed masculine nouns using the example der Name - name.

 NominativeGenitiveDativeAccusative
Singularder Namedes Namensdem Namenden Namen
Pluraldie Namender Namenden Namendie Namen

What are the mixed masculine nouns?

This list shows the mixed masculine nouns

  • der Buchstabe - letter (alphabet)
  • der Friede - freedom
  • der Funke - spark
  • der Gedanke - idea, thought
  • der Glaube - faith
  • der Haufen - heap
  • der Name - name
  • der Samen - seed
  • der Wille - will
  • der Schaden - damage

enlightenedAttention: das Herz - heart is also declined like the mixed masculine nouns, but it is neuter.


Exercises

  1. German masculine nouns game
  2. German masculine nouns dragging game

German masculine nouns game


German masculine nouns dragging game


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