• German grammar
    0%
  • 1 German pronunciation [0/1]
  • 2 German functions of words [0/5]
  • 3 German sentence structure [0/28]
  • Construct a German sentence! (Score -/-)Free
  • Make a German indirect speech! (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 Sentence structure of main clauses in German [0/4]
  • 3.2 Dependent clauses in German [0/12]
  • 3.3 Negation in German [0/3]
  • 3.4 Questions in German [0/2]
  • 3.5 Indirect speech in German [0/2]
  • 3.6 Conjunctions in German [0/3]
  • 4 German Articles [0/7]
  • 5 German nouns [0/28]
  • Fill in the correct form of the German noun! (Score -/-)Free
  • Form the correct plural form of the German nouns! (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the correct definite and indefinite article! (Score -/-)Free
  • Translate these nouns into German (Score -/-)Free
  • Match the right German word to the sentences (Score -/-)Free
  • 5.1 Gender of German nouns (substantives) - der, die, das [0/9]
  • 5.2 Plural of German nouns [0/4]
  • 5.3 German declension (N-declension) [0/4]
  • 5.4 Diminutive (-lein, -chen) in German [0/3]
  • 5.5 Compound nouns in German [0/2]
  • 5.6 Adjectives and verbs as nouns in German [0/1]
  • 6 German pronouns [0/19]
  • 7 German cases [0/13]
  • 8 German adjectives [0/29]
  • Exercise for building German adjectives (Score -/-)Free
  • Determine the form of use of these German adjectives! (Score -/-)Free
  • Transform these German adjectives to their nominal form (Score -/-)Free
  • Build the comparative and superlative of these German adjectives (Score -/-)Free
  • Insert the German attributive adjective! (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Different types of adjectives in German [0/3]
  • 8.2 How to form German adjectives [0/1]
  • 8.3 German participle as adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.4 Comparative and superlative adjectives in German [0/4]
  • 8.5 Declension of German adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.6 Forming and declension of ordinal numbers in German [0/2]
  • 8.7 Possessive adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.8 Demonstrative adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.9 Interrogative and exclamatory adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.10 Indefinite adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.11 List of German Adjectives [0/2]
  • 9 German adverbs [0/13]
  • 10 German verbs [0/67]
  • Match the correct German verb to the sentences (Score -/-)Free
  • Form the German simple past and participle II form (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise to match the right German auxiliary verb! (Score -/-)Free
  • Choose the right conjugation of the German verbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Build the German form of politeness! (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.1 Auxiliary verbs in German [0/5]
  • 10.2 Modal verbs in German [0/8]
  • 10.3 Separable and inseparable verbs in German [0/3]
  • 10.4 Conjugation of regular verbs (weak verbs) in German
  • 10.5 Conjugation of irregular verbs (strong verbs) in German [0/45]
  • Exercise: German irregular verbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.5.1 Conjugation of geben (to give) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.2 Conjugation of gehen (to walk, to go) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.3 Conjugation of lassen (to let) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.4 Conjugation of nehmen (to take) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.5 Conjugation of fahren (to drive) German [0/2]
  • 10.5.6 Conjugation of essen (to eat) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.7 Conjugation of lesen (to read) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.8 Conjugation of sehen (to see) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.9 Conjugation of kommen (to come) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.10 Conjugation of trinken (to drink) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.11 Conjugation of schlafen (to sleep) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.12 Conjugation of gefallen (to please) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.13 Conjugation of schreiben (to write) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.14 Conjugation of helfen (to help) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.15 Conjugation of laufen (to run) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.16 Conjugation of treffen (to meet, to hit) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.17 Conjugation of tragen (to carry) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.18 Conjugation of bleiben (to stay) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.19 Conjugation of schwimmen (to swim) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.20 Conjugation of finden (to find) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.21 Conjugation of waschen (to wash) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.22 Conjugation of bekommen (to get) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.23 Cojugation of bringen (to bring) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.24 Conjugation of sprechen (to speak) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.25 Conjugation of heißen (to be called) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.26 Conjugation of fliegen (to fly) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.27 Conjugation of backen (to bake) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.28 Conjugation of steigen (to rise) in German [0/1]
  • 10.6 List of common verbs in German [0/1]
  • 11 German prepositions [0/27]
  • Spot all the used German prepositions! (Score -/-)Free
  • Match the German prepositions! (Score -/-)Free
  • Prepositions and German grammar cases! (Score -/-)Free
  • Determine which kind of German preposition is being used! (Score -/-)Free
  • Complete the verbs and adjectives! (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 Locative prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.2 Temporal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.3 Modal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.4 Causal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.5 German prepositions requiring the genitive [0/2]
  • 11.6 German prepositions requiring the dative [0/2]
  • 11.7 German Prepositions requiring the accusative [0/2]
  • 11.8 German prepositions with either dative or accusative [0/2]
  • 11.9 German prepositions and articles [0/2]
  • 11.10 German prepositions with verbs [0/2]
  • 11.11 German prepositions and adjectives [0/2]
  • 12 Tenses and conjugation of German verbs [0/23]
  • Form the correct German tense! (Score -/-)Free
  • Choose the correct German tense! (Score -/-)Free
  • 12.1 Present tense (Präsens) in German [0/4]
  • 12.2 Simple past tense (Präteritum) in German [0/4]
  • 12.3 Present perfect (Perfekt) in German [0/3]
  • 12.4 Past perfect tense (Plusquamperfekt) in German [0/3]
  • 12.5 German future I [0/4]
  • 12.6 German Future II [0/3]
  • 13 Infinitive in German [0/8]
  • 14 Imperative in German [0/3]
  • 15 Subjunctive in German [0/6]
  • 16 Active and passive voice in German [0/2]
  • 17 Participle in German [0/6]
  • German masculine nouns list

    Exercises

    0%
    1. German masculine nouns game Score -/-
    2. German masculine nouns dragging game Score -/-

    German masculine nouns list 

    Masculine nouns are preceded by the definite article der or the indefinite articles ein. German masculine nouns can be identified by their suffix, noun groups, that they are formed out of adjectives or built out of strong verbs.


    The ending "-ich" of masculine nouns

    This ending is ranked as average in terms of how often you would come across a noun with the -ich ending. The corresponding plural nouns have an -e at the end.

    German nouns English meaning 
    der Teppich carpet
    der Sittich parakeet
    der Abgleich adjustment
    der Bereich range
    der Teich pond


    enlightenedThere are a few exception such as das Reich (kingdom)

    Study this lesson together with a teacher

    Studying on your own is not effective since nobody guides you and you do not receive any feedback. Ask help from one of our professional teachers!

    Get a free trial lesson!
    View teachers

    The ending  "-or" of masculine nouns

    Nouns with this endings are ranked as average. Their plural forms have two endings, the majority with "-en" and some with "-e. 

    German nouns English meaning
    der Ventilator fan
    der Motor motor
    der Marmor marble


    enlightenedExceptions are as follows; das Fluor (Fluorine), das Chlor (chlorine), das Tor (gate), das Labor (laboratory), das Dekor (decoration).

    The ending "-ig" of masculine nouns

    Nouns with this endings are seen less often. Their plural form also have an "-e"ending. 

    German nouns English meaning
    der König king
    der Honig honey
    der Essig vinegar


    enlightenedThere are few exceptions such as : das Reisig (brushwood).

    The ending "-ling" of masculine nouns

    Nouns with this ending are seen less often, their plural form also have the "-e" ending. 

    German nouns  English meaning 
    der Schmetterling butterfly
    der Frühling spring
    der Lehrling apprentice
    der Zwilling twin


    enlightenedThere are a few exceptions: das Bowling, die Reling (railing). 

    The ending  "-ismus" of masculine nouns

    Nouns with this ending are seen less often. Their plural forms follows the following construction "-ismus" to "-ismen". 

    German nouns English meaning
    der Optimismus optimism
    der Magnetismus magnetism
    der Expressionismus expressionism
    der Feudalismus feudalism
    der Kapitalismus capitalism


    The ending  "-är" of masculine nouns

    Nouns with this endings are not often seen in German texts. Most verbs which have this ending are masculine. Their plural forms are formed with "-e" or "-en". 

    German nouns  English meaning
    der Bär bear
    der Veterinär veterinarian
    der Aktionär stockholder
    der Sekretär secretary


    enlightenedThere are a few exceptions such as: das Militär (military), das Quartär (quartenary).

    The ending  "-ant" of masculine nouns

    Nouns with this endings are seen less often. Their plural form come with "-en"ending. 

    German nouns English meaning 
    der Diamant diamond
    der Fabrikant manufacturer
    der Elefant elephant
    der Lieferant supplier 

    The ending "-el" of masculine nouns

    Nouns with this ending can be identified as masculine.

    German nouns English meaning
    der Schlüssel key
    der Löffel spoon
    der Mantel coat

    enlightenedThere can be some exceptions, for example: die Schachtel (box).

    Identification of the masculine noun by noun groups

    This table shows different noun groups that can be identified as a masculine nouns.

    Noun group Examples
    days and months
    • der Montag - monday
    • der Mittwoch - wednesday
    • der Oktober - october
    • der Dezember - december
    seasons
    • der Sommer - summer
    • der Herbst - autumn
    • der Winter - winter
    • der Frühling - spring
    male persons
    • der Onkel - uncle
    • der Vater - father
    • der Junge - boy
    • der Prinz - prince
    • der Held - hero

    enlightened die Wache - guard

    professions
    • der Sänger - singer
    • der Koch - cook
    • der Lehrer - teacher
    cardinal points
    • der Norden - North
    • der Süden - South
    • der Westen - West
    • der Osten - East
    some weather conditions
    • der Regen - rain
    • der Schnee - snow
    • der Wind - wind
    • der Blitz - lightning

    enlighteneddie Sonne - sun

    currency
    • der Dollar - dollar
    • der Euro - euro

    Masculine nouns formed out of adjectives

    Nouns that are formed from the radical of the verbs without their suffix have mostly a maculine gender.

    enlightenedReminder: the radical of a verb is the part of the verb that remains unmodified when it's conjugated. Example: schlagen - strike  laufen - run, walk

    Verb Noun Translation
    rauchen der Rauch smoke
    tanzen der Tanz dance
    hassen der Hass hate


    Weak and mixed masculine nouns (N-declension)

    There certain masculine nouns that are declined irregulary for differnet cases. They end They are devided into two groups: the weak nouns and the mixed nouns.

    Weak masculine nouns 

    Weak masculine nouns have -n or -en as a word ending in every case, except the nominative singular. That's why it is called the N-declension. This table below shows the declination of these kind of nouns.

      Nominative Genitive Dative Accusative
    Singular der Junge des Jungen dem Jungen den Jungen
    Plural die Jungen der Jungen den Jungen die Jungen

    What are the weak masculine nouns?

    This table abstracts some of the weak masculine nouns.

    Category Example
    Human beings
    • der Junge - boy
    • der Neffe - nephew
    • der Kunde - client
    Certain animals
    • der Löwe - lion 
    • der Affe - monkey
    Nationalities
    • der Franzose - Frenchman
    • der Schwede - Swede
    Nouns from foreign origin
    • der Student - student
    • der Pilot - pilot
    • des Präsident - president

    Mixed masculine nouns

    Mixed masculine nouns are nearly the like the weak masculine nouns. They have -e or -en as a word ending in every case, with one excaptions in the genitive singular: a -s is attached to the end of the nouns.

    This table show the declinasion of the mixed masculine nouns using the example der Name - name.

      Nominative Genitive Dative Accusative
    Singular der Name des Namens dem Namen den Namen
    Plural die Namen der Namen den Namen die Namen

    What are the mixed masculine nouns?

    This list shows the mixed masculine nouns

    • der Buchstabe - letter (alphabet)
    • der Friede - freedom
    • der Funke - spark
    • der Gedanke - idea, thought
    • der Glaube - faith
    • der Haufen - heap
    • der Name - name
    • der Samen - seed
    • der Wille - will
    • der Schaden - damage

    enlightenedAttention: das Herz - heart is also declined like the mixed masculine nouns, but it is neuter.