• German grammar
    0%
  • 1 German pronunciation [0/1]
  • 2 German functions of words [0/5]
  • 3 German sentence structure [0/28]
  • Construct a German sentence! (Score -/-)Free
  • Make a German indirect speech! (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 Sentence structure of main clauses in German [0/4]
  • 3.2 Dependent clauses in German [0/12]
  • 3.3 Negation in German [0/3]
  • 3.4 Questions in German [0/2]
  • 3.5 Indirect speech in German [0/2]
  • 3.6 Conjunctions in German [0/3]
  • 4 German Articles [0/7]
  • 5 German nouns [0/28]
  • Fill in the correct form of the German noun! (Score -/-)Free
  • Form the correct plural form of the German nouns! (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the correct definite and indefinite article! (Score -/-)Free
  • Translate these nouns into German (Score -/-)Free
  • Match the right German word to the sentences (Score -/-)Free
  • 5.1 Gender of German nouns (substantives) - der, die, das [0/9]
  • 5.2 Plural of German nouns [0/4]
  • 5.3 German declension (N-declension) [0/4]
  • 5.4 Diminutive (-lein, -chen) in German [0/3]
  • 5.5 Compound nouns in German [0/2]
  • 5.6 Adjectives and verbs as nouns in German [0/1]
  • 6 German pronouns [0/19]
  • 7 German cases [0/13]
  • 8 German adjectives [0/29]
  • Exercise for building German adjectives (Score -/-)Free
  • Determine the form of use of these German adjectives! (Score -/-)Free
  • Transform these German adjectives to their nominal form (Score -/-)Free
  • Build the comparative and superlative of these German adjectives (Score -/-)Free
  • Insert the German attributive adjective! (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Different types of adjectives in German [0/3]
  • 8.2 How to form German adjectives [0/1]
  • 8.3 German participle as adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.4 Comparative and superlative adjectives in German [0/4]
  • 8.5 Declension of German adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.6 Forming and declension of ordinal numbers in German [0/2]
  • 8.7 Possessive adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.8 Demonstrative adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.9 Interrogative and exclamatory adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.10 Indefinite adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.11 List of German Adjectives [0/2]
  • 9 German adverbs [0/13]
  • 10 German verbs [0/67]
  • Match the correct German verb to the sentences (Score -/-)Free
  • Form the German simple past and participle II form (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise to match the right German auxiliary verb! (Score -/-)Free
  • Choose the right conjugation of the German verbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Build the German form of politeness! (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.1 Auxiliary verbs in German [0/5]
  • 10.2 Modal verbs in German [0/8]
  • 10.3 Separable and inseparable verbs in German [0/3]
  • 10.4 Conjugation of regular verbs (weak verbs) in German
  • 10.5 Conjugation of irregular verbs (strong verbs) in German [0/45]
  • Exercise: German irregular verbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.5.1 Conjugation of geben (to give) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.2 Conjugation of gehen (to walk, to go) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.3 Conjugation of lassen (to let) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.4 Conjugation of nehmen (to take) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.5 Conjugation of fahren (to drive) German [0/2]
  • 10.5.6 Conjugation of essen (to eat) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.7 Conjugation of lesen (to read) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.8 Conjugation of sehen (to see) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.9 Conjugation of kommen (to come) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.10 Conjugation of trinken (to drink) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.11 Conjugation of schlafen (to sleep) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.12 Conjugation of gefallen (to please) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.13 Conjugation of schreiben (to write) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.14 Conjugation of helfen (to help) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.15 Conjugation of laufen (to run) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.16 Conjugation of treffen (to meet, to hit) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.17 Conjugation of tragen (to carry) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.18 Conjugation of bleiben (to stay) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.19 Conjugation of schwimmen (to swim) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.20 Conjugation of finden (to find) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.21 Conjugation of waschen (to wash) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.22 Conjugation of bekommen (to get) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.23 Cojugation of bringen (to bring) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.24 Conjugation of sprechen (to speak) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.25 Conjugation of heißen (to be called) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.26 Conjugation of fliegen (to fly) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.27 Conjugation of backen (to bake) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.28 Conjugation of steigen (to rise) in German [0/1]
  • 10.6 List of common verbs in German [0/1]
  • 11 German prepositions [0/27]
  • Spot all the used German prepositions! (Score -/-)Free
  • Match the German prepositions! (Score -/-)Free
  • Prepositions and German grammar cases! (Score -/-)Free
  • Determine which kind of German preposition is being used! (Score -/-)Free
  • Complete the verbs and adjectives! (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 Locative prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.2 Temporal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.3 Modal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.4 Causal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.5 German prepositions requiring the genitive [0/2]
  • 11.6 German prepositions requiring the dative [0/2]
  • 11.7 German Prepositions requiring the accusative [0/2]
  • 11.8 German prepositions with either dative or accusative [0/2]
  • 11.9 German prepositions and articles [0/2]
  • 11.10 German prepositions with verbs [0/2]
  • 11.11 German prepositions and adjectives [0/2]
  • 12 Tenses and conjugation of German verbs [0/23]
  • Form the correct German tense! (Score -/-)Free
  • Choose the correct German tense! (Score -/-)Free
  • 12.1 Present tense (Präsens) in German [0/4]
  • 12.2 Simple past tense (Präteritum) in German [0/4]
  • 12.3 Present perfect (Perfekt) in German [0/3]
  • 12.4 Past perfect tense (Plusquamperfekt) in German [0/3]
  • 12.5 German future I [0/4]
  • 12.6 German Future II [0/3]
  • 13 Infinitive in German [0/8]
  • 14 Imperative in German [0/3]
  • 15 Subjunctive in German [0/6]
  • 16 Active and passive voice in German [0/2]
  • 17 Participle in German [0/6]
  • Gender of German nouns (substantives) - der, die, das

    Exercises

    0%
    1. Determine the gender of German nouns Score -/-
    2. Exercise of German gender and articles Score -/-
    3. Decide about the German gender Score -/-

    This topic is about the three different genders in the German language. These are the different genders.

    • masculine (der Mann - man)
    • feminine (die Frau - woman
    • neuter (das Kind - child)

    In the following you will find various rules that can give you hints about the gender of a noun.

    Masculine nouns in German (der)

    Masculine nouns in German use the definite article der or the indefinite article ein before the noun.

    masculine nounsThere are several criteria that indicate if a noun is masculine.

    For example: 

    • Male persons: der Mann (man), der Onkel (uncle), der Opa (grandpa)

    • Professions: der Lehrer (teacher), der Koch (cook)

    • Days and months: der Montag (monday), der Dienstag (tuesday), der September (september), der Oktober (october)

    • Seasons: der Winter (winter), der Sommer (summer), der Herbst (autumn), der Frühling (spring)

    • cardinal points: der Norden (north), der Süden (south), der Osten (east), der Westen (west)

    • some weather conditions: der Tau (dew), der Schnee (snow), der Regen (rain)

    • currency: der Dollar, der Euro 

    Ending of a masculine nouns 

    Ending of the noun Example
    -ant der Diamant (diamant), der Elefant (elefant), der Mandant (mandator)
    -är der Bär (bear), der Sekretär (secretary)
    -eur der Amateur (amateur), der Friseur (hair dresser)
    -ich  der Rettich (radish), der Teich (pond), der Bindestrich (hypen)
    -ig der König (king), der Honig (honey), der Teig (dough)
    -iker der Musiker (musician), der Techniker (technician)
    -ist der Spezialist (specialist), der Artist (artist)
    -ling der Feigling (coward), der Liebling (darling), der Schmetterling (butterfly)
    -or der Marmor (marble), der Senior (senior)

    You can find more information about masculine nouns in following chapters.
    Exception of the rule number one

    Study this lesson together with a teacher

    Studying on your own is not effective since nobody guides you and you do not receive any feedback. Ask help from one of our professional teachers!

    Get a free trial lesson!
    View teachers

    Feminine nouns in German (die)

    Feminine nouns in German use the definite article die and the indefinite article eine before the nouns.

    There are several criteria that indicate if a noun is feminine.

    Here are some examples:

    • Feminine persons: die Frau (woman), die Tante (aunt), die Oma (grandma)
    • Name of tree species: die Buche (beech), die Tanne (fir)
    • Name of flowers: die Tulpe (tulip), die Rose (rose)
    • Name of fruits: die Birne (pear), die Erdbeere (strawberry), die Banane (banana)
    • female signNumbers used as nouns: die Eins (one), die Zwei (two), die Drei (tree)

    Ending of feminine nouns

    Ending of the noun Example
    -ei die Fischerei (fishery), die Malerei (painting), die Bäckerei (bakery)
    -in  die Asiatin (asian), die Lehrerin (female teacher)
    -keit die Helligkeit (brightness), die Ähnlichkeit (resemblance), die Haltbarkeit (durability)
    -ung die Änderung (change), die Begabung (aptitude), die Lösung (solution)
    -ion die Station (station), die Funktion (function), die Auktion (auction)
    -ine die Blondine (blonde), die Gardine (curtain), die Mine (mine)
    -schaft die Gesellschaft (society), die Botschaft (message), die Wirtschaft (economy)
    -ade  die Marinade (marinade), die Olympiade (olympics), die Fassade (facade)
    -ette die Kette (chain), die Manschette (wristband), die Limette (lime)
    -ik die Kritik (critisicm), die Politik (politics), die Elektrik (electrics)
    -ur die Struktur (structure), die Archtiketur (architecture), die Prozedur (procedure)
    -sis die Skepsis (scepticism), die Basis (base)
    -tät die Identität (identity), die Aktivität (activity), die Realität (reality)
    -heit die Freiheit (freedom), die Gewohnheit (habit), die Dummheit (foolishness)
    -ie die Anatomie (anatomy), die Fantasie (fantasy), die Chemie (chemistry)

    You can find more information about feminine nouns in following chapters.

    das Fräulein, das Mädchen

    Neuter nouns in German (das)

    Neuter nouns in German use the definite article das and the indefinite article ein before the nouns.

    There are several criteria that indicate if a noun is neuter.

    • young person or animal: das Rehkitz (fawn), das Kind (child)
    • letters of alphabet: das A, das B, das C
    • colours used as nouns: das Gelb (yellow), das Rot (red)
    • languages: das Deutsch (German), das Französisch (French)
    • words of English origin: das Baby (baby), das Handy (mobile phone)
    • names of cities and country accompanied by adjectives: das schöne Bayern (beautiful bavaria), das große Russland (big Russia)
    • chemical elements: das Gold (gold), das Silber (silver)

    Ending of neuter nouns

    Ending of the noun Example
    -chen das Anzeichen (indication), das Mädchen (girl)
    -lein  das Krönlein (little crown), das Männlein (little man)
    -tum  das Datum (date), das Christentum (Christianity), das Wachstum (growth)
    -o das Auto (car), das Radio (radio)
    -ett das Brett (board), das Bett (bed)
    -ment das Apartment (apartment), das Element (element), das Kompliment (compliment)
    -ma das Klima (climate), das Thema (topic), das Drama (drama)
    -um  das Aquarium (aquarium), das Basilikum (basil), das Zentrum (centre)

    You can find more information about neuter nouns in following chapters.

    enlightenedKeep in mind: there are a lot of exceptions in the German language. You can find some of them in the following chapters.

    Which gender do compound nouns have?

    Compound nouns are nouns that are composed out of two or more words and then build a new word with sometimes a new meaning.

    The last word always determines the gender, the number and the case of the compound noun. It is also the only one to decline depending on the case.

    Compound nouns can be formed out of 

    • Noun + noun: die Wasserflasche (das Wasser + die Flasche) - water bottle
    • verb + noun:  das Esszimmer (essen + das Zimmer) - dining room
    • adjective/participle + noun: die Großstadt (groß + die Stadt) - big city
    • invariable preposition + noun: der Aberglaube (aber + der Glaube) - superstition

    You can find a detailed explanation in future chapters. In addition, do the exercises to anchor your knowledge.

     

    yes It is way more easier to learn the plural form by heart. Test your skills with challenging exercises of the three German genders.

    Next lessons

    1 German masculine nouns list Learn the German masculine nouns here with a fun and interactive lesson!
    2 German feminine nouns list Learn the German feminine nouns with a fun and very interactive lesson.
    3 German neuter nouns list Learn the different German neuter nouns with a fun and interactive lesson!