• German grammar
    0%
  • 1 German pronunciation [0/1]
  • 2 German functions of words [0/5]
  • 3 German sentence structure [0/28]
  • Construct a German sentence! (Score -/-)Free
  • Make a German indirect speech! (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 Sentence structure of main clauses in German [0/4]
  • 3.2 Dependent clauses in German [0/12]
  • 3.3 Negation in German [0/3]
  • 3.4 Questions in German [0/2]
  • 3.5 Indirect speech in German [0/2]
  • 3.6 Conjunctions in German [0/3]
  • 4 German Articles [0/7]
  • 5 German nouns [0/28]
  • Fill in the correct form of the German noun! (Score -/-)Free
  • Form the correct plural form of the German nouns! (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the correct definite and indefinite article! (Score -/-)Free
  • Translate these nouns into German (Score -/-)Free
  • Match the right German word to the sentences (Score -/-)Free
  • 5.1 Gender of German nouns (substantives) - der, die, das [0/9]
  • 5.2 Plural of German nouns [0/4]
  • 5.3 German declension (N-declension) [0/4]
  • 5.4 Diminutive (-lein, -chen) in German [0/3]
  • 5.5 Compound nouns in German [0/2]
  • 5.6 Adjectives and verbs as nouns in German [0/1]
  • 6 German pronouns [0/19]
  • 7 German cases [0/13]
  • 8 German adjectives [0/29]
  • Exercise for building German adjectives (Score -/-)Free
  • Determine the form of use of these German adjectives! (Score -/-)Free
  • Transform these German adjectives to their nominal form (Score -/-)Free
  • Build the comparative and superlative of these German adjectives (Score -/-)Free
  • Insert the German attributive adjective! (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Different types of adjectives in German [0/3]
  • 8.2 How to form German adjectives [0/1]
  • 8.3 German participle as adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.4 Comparative and superlative adjectives in German [0/4]
  • 8.5 Declension of German adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.6 Forming and declension of ordinal numbers in German [0/2]
  • 8.7 Possessive adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.8 Demonstrative adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.9 Interrogative and exclamatory adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.10 Indefinite adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.11 List of German Adjectives [0/2]
  • 9 German adverbs [0/13]
  • 10 German verbs [0/67]
  • Match the correct German verb to the sentences (Score -/-)Free
  • Form the German simple past and participle II form (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise to match the right German auxiliary verb! (Score -/-)Free
  • Choose the right conjugation of the German verbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Build the German form of politeness! (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.1 Auxiliary verbs in German [0/5]
  • 10.2 Modal verbs in German [0/8]
  • 10.3 Separable and inseparable verbs in German [0/3]
  • 10.4 Conjugation of regular verbs (weak verbs) in German
  • 10.5 Conjugation of irregular verbs (strong verbs) in German [0/45]
  • Exercise: German irregular verbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.5.1 Conjugation of geben (to give) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.2 Conjugation of gehen (to walk, to go) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.3 Conjugation of lassen (to let) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.4 Conjugation of nehmen (to take) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.5 Conjugation of fahren (to drive) German [0/2]
  • 10.5.6 Conjugation of essen (to eat) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.7 Conjugation of lesen (to read) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.8 Conjugation of sehen (to see) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.9 Conjugation of kommen (to come) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.10 Conjugation of trinken (to drink) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.11 Conjugation of schlafen (to sleep) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.12 Conjugation of gefallen (to please) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.13 Conjugation of schreiben (to write) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.14 Conjugation of helfen (to help) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.15 Conjugation of laufen (to run) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.16 Conjugation of treffen (to meet, to hit) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.17 Conjugation of tragen (to carry) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.18 Conjugation of bleiben (to stay) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.19 Conjugation of schwimmen (to swim) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.20 Conjugation of finden (to find) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.21 Conjugation of waschen (to wash) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.22 Conjugation of bekommen (to get) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.23 Cojugation of bringen (to bring) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.24 Conjugation of sprechen (to speak) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.25 Conjugation of heißen (to be called) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.26 Conjugation of fliegen (to fly) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.27 Conjugation of backen (to bake) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.28 Conjugation of steigen (to rise) in German [0/1]
  • 10.6 List of common verbs in German [0/1]
  • 11 German prepositions [0/27]
  • Spot all the used German prepositions! (Score -/-)Free
  • Match the German prepositions! (Score -/-)Free
  • Prepositions and German grammar cases! (Score -/-)Free
  • Determine which kind of German preposition is being used! (Score -/-)Free
  • Complete the verbs and adjectives! (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 Locative prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.2 Temporal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.3 Modal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.4 Causal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.5 German prepositions requiring the genitive [0/2]
  • 11.6 German prepositions requiring the dative [0/2]
  • 11.7 German Prepositions requiring the accusative [0/2]
  • 11.8 German prepositions with either dative or accusative [0/2]
  • 11.9 German prepositions and articles [0/2]
  • 11.10 German prepositions with verbs [0/2]
  • 11.11 German prepositions and adjectives [0/2]
  • 12 Tenses and conjugation of German verbs [0/23]
  • Form the correct German tense! (Score -/-)Free
  • Choose the correct German tense! (Score -/-)Free
  • 12.1 Present tense (Präsens) in German [0/4]
  • 12.2 Simple past tense (Präteritum) in German [0/4]
  • 12.3 Present perfect (Perfekt) in German [0/3]
  • 12.4 Past perfect tense (Plusquamperfekt) in German [0/3]
  • 12.5 German future I [0/4]
  • 12.6 German Future II [0/3]
  • 13 Infinitive in German [0/8]
  • 14 Imperative in German [0/3]
  • 15 Subjunctive in German [0/6]
  • 16 Active and passive voice in German [0/2]
  • 17 Participle in German [0/6]
  • Genitive case (2. Fall) in German

    Exercises

    0%
    1. Exercise of the German genitive Score -/-
    2. Exercise of the German genitive Score -/-

    What is the Genitive case in German?

    The genitive case in German answers the question:

    Wessen? - whose / of what?

    The genitive is a complement of a noun, that means it completes the noun to which it refers. In English this is often expressed by the preposition of or by 's. In German an apostrophe is not used (but there are some exceptions).

    Esempio Domanda Risposta

    Der Mund des Drachens ist riesig groß. - The mouth of the dragon is huge.

    Wessen Mund ist riesig groß? - Whose mouth is huge? des Drachen - of the dragon

    Das Dach des Hauses muss repariert werden. - The roof of the house has to be repaired.

    Wessen Dach muss repariert werden? - Whose roof has to be repaired? des Hauses - of the house

    Der Hund der lieben Frau heißt Paco. - The dog of the lovely woman is called Paco.

    Wessen Hund heißt Paco? - Whose dog is called Paco?

    der lieben Frau - of the lovely woman

     

    The declension of the genitive case

    Most of the masculine and neuter nouns take the ending -s/-es in the genitive singular. Weak nouns (N-declension) take a -n/-en in genitive singular. Feminine nouns and the plural, on the other hand, do not have any special endings. An -s is added to proper names in the genitive case.

    enlightenedKeep in mind: Mixed masculine nouns and nouns formed out of verb infinitive take the ending -s in the genitive singular.

    Examples

    • die Frau meines Sohnes - the wife of my son
    • ein Foto meines Hauses - a picture of my house
    • die Haare meiner Tochter - the hair of my daughter
    • Luisas Bruder - brother of Luisa

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    Table of declension of the article and the noun in the genitive case

    In this table you can find several examples for the declension of noun and their articles in the different genders. In addition, there are some examples of adjectives that are accompany a noun in the dative case.

      Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
    With a definite article des Mannes der Frau des Kindes der Leute
    With an indefinite article eines Mannes einer Frau eines Kindes Leute
    With a definite article + adjective des guten Mannes einer schönen Frau des jungen Kindes der alten Leute
    With an indefinite article + adjective eines guten Mannes einer schönen Frau eines jungen Kindes alter Leute

     

    Translation

    • des guten Mannes - of the good man
    • der schönen Frau - of the beautiful woman
    • des jungen Kindes - of the young child
    • der alten Leute - of the old people

    Substitute of the genitive case with 'von'

    In the spoken language it is very common to use the genitive formed out of von + dative. The table shows some cases in which the genitive is expressed with von + dative. This is often the case when there is no article in front of the noun.

    Type of noun

     

    Example
    Country names die Pizza von Italien - the pizza of Italy.
    With (raw) materials

    die Gewinnung von Erdöl - the extraction of petroleum

    die Farbe von Silber - the colour of silver

    Indefinite plurals

    der Geschmack von Käse - the taste of cheese

    die Klamotten von Kindern - the clothes of children

    Personal pronouns

    ein Freund von mir - a friend of mine

    The genitive of proper names

    There are two different ways to form the genitive of proper ways:

    1. the genitive with von
    2. the genitive with -s (possessive genitive) 

    The genitive with 'von'

    The genitive of proper nouns can be formed using the von preposition before the proper noun. 

    enlightenedBe careful: the genitive cases changes into a dative cases then!

    Here are some examples:

    • der Bruder von Emma - the brother of Emma
    • das Lied von Mozart - the song of Mozart
    • der Hund von Mario - the dog of Mario

    The genitive with -s (possesiv genitive)

    The genitive of proper names can also be formed with ending a -s (possessive genitive). Therefore you have to put the name in front of the noun (the possession) and add the suffix -s. In English it is nearly the same, but with an apostrophe.

    Here are some examples:

    • Emmas Bruder - Emma's brother
    • Mozarts Lied - Mozart's song
    • Marios Hund - Mario's dog

    How do you use the genitive case in German?

    There are five different situation when you have to use the German genitive.

    1. To show possession of relationships between two nouns
    2. With expressions of indefinite time
    3. With prepositions
    4. With genitive verbs
    5. With genitive adjectives

    Possession of relationships between two nouns

    The genitive is used to express possession or a relationship between people and/or objects. In English it is translated with the preposition of or by 's. Answers the question:

    Wessen? - whose? of what?

    Examples:

    • Das Spielzeug des Kindes ist blau. - The toy of the child is blue.
    • Der Rock meiner Mutter ist kurz. - The skirt of my mother is short.
    • Der Sohn deines Onkels ist dein Cousin. - The son of you uncle is your cousin.

    With expressions of indefinite time

    The genitive can also be used as an adverb to give indications about an indefinite duration or period. In English it is expressed by for instance: one day, some day.

    • Eines Tages werden sie heiraten. - One day they will marry.
    • Eines Morgens wurde ich von meiner Mutter geweckt. One morning I was awakened by my mother.
    • Eines Abends habe ich eine Suppe gekocht. - One evening I cooked a soup.

    enlightenedThe female noun die Nacht behaves in this case as a masculine or a neutral noun. 

    With prepositions

    The genitive case used with certain prepositions. You can find them in this table.

    Prepositions Example
    während - during Während meines Aufenthalts in Hamburg habe ich viele Leute kennengelernt. - During my stay in Hamburg, I met many people. 
    trotz - despite Trotz des Regens spielt er im Garten. - Despite the rain, he plays in the garden
    statt/anstatt - instead Statt des Computers kauft mir meine Mutter das Handy.Instead of the computer, my mother buys the phone from me.
    wegen - because of Wegen des Gewitters kann man nicht Fußball spielen. - Because of the storm, you can not play football.
    infolge - as a result of Infolge eines Vorfalls komme ich nicht mehr.As a result of an incident I will not come anymore.
    dank - due to/ thanks to Dank deiner Bemühungen hast du das Ziel erreicht.Thanks to your efforts, you have reached the goal.
    außerhalb, innerhalb, oberhalb, unterhalb - outside, inside, above, below Die Kinder spielen außerhalb des Hauses. - The children play outside of the house.
    um ... willen - for the sake of Um Himmels willen, warum? - For God's sake, why?
    diesseits, jenseits - on this side of, on the other side of Das Dorf ist diesseits des Sees.The village is on this side of the lake.

    With genitive verbs

    There are some verbs that are in need of the genitive in German. These shows you some of them with an example. In German it sounds more formal, so that it is not used often.

    Verb Example
    anklagen - to be charged Sie ist des Mordes angeklagt. She is charged with murder.
    bedürfen - to require/to need Der Opa bedarf seiner Medikamente. - The grandpa needs medication.
    gedenken - to commemorate Wir gedenken der Toten.We commemorate the dead.
    beschuldigen - to accuse Der Anwalt beschuldigt mich der Tat. - The lawyer accuses me of the act.
    sich einer Sache bedienen - to use one thing Der Dichter bedient sich der Metaphern. - The poet uses the metaphors.

    With genitive adjectives

    There are some adjectives that are followed by the genitive case. Here a some examples.

    Adjective Examples 
    sicher - sure Ich bin mir der Antwort nicht sicher. - I am not sure about the answer.
    bewusst - aware of Er ist sich seines Fehlers bewusst. - He is aware of his fault.
    würdig - worthy Sie ist dieses Namens würdig. - She is worthy of this name.