German present participle (participle I)
Formation of the present participle
Building the German participle I is really simple. All you need to do is add an "-d" to the infinitive form of the verb.
|Laufen (to walk)||Laufend|
|Springen (to jump)||Springend|
|Fahren (to drive)||Fahrend|
The only irregularity happens with the word "sein" (to be). In this case, another "-e" will be added: sein → seiend
When to use the present participle?
You use the present participle instead of a subset for one of two actions, that takes places simultaneously. A second way to use the present participle is to use it as an attributive adjective.
|present participle||use of present participle|
Ein in der Tür stehender Mann.
(A man standing in the door)
|attributive adjective with declension.|
Singend geht er in die Dusche
(He goes in the shower singing)
|two actions happening at the same time (singen, gehen)|
Knurrend liegt der Hund hinter der Tür
(Growling the dog lies behind the door)
|two actions happening at the same time (liegen, knurren)|
Lachend verlassen die Kinder die Schule
(The kids leave the school laughing)
|two actions happening at the same time (lachen, verlassen)|
Now, that you have learned about the past participle and the present participle form, move on to our free and online exercises in order to test your abilities.
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