German present participle (participle I)
Formation of the present participle
Building the German participle I is really simple. All you need to do is add an "-d" to the infinitive form of the verb.
|Laufen (to walk)||Laufend|
|Springen (to jump)||Springend|
|Fahren (to drive)||Fahrend|
The only irregularity happens with the word "sein" (to be). In this case, another "-e" will be added: sein → seiend
When to use the present participle?
You use the present participle instead of a subset for one of two actions, that takes places simultaneously. A second way to use the present participle is to use it as an attributive adjective.
|present participle||use of present participle|
Ein in der Tür stehender Mann.
(A man standing in the door)
|attributive adjective with declension.|
Singend geht er in die Dusche
(He goes in the shower singing)
|two actions happening at the same time (singen, gehen)|
Knurrend liegt der Hund hinter der Tür
(Growling the dog lies behind the door)
|two actions happening at the same time (liegen, knurren)|
Lachend verlassen die Kinder die Schule
(The kids leave the school laughing)
|two actions happening at the same time (lachen, verlassen)|
Now, that you have learned about the past participle and the present participle form, move on to our free and online exercises in order to test your abilities.
Practise with a private teacher on Skype!
- Private Skype lessons
- Learn any topic
- Flexible appointments
German Classes for TestDaf, DaF
I teach: German
Hello, my name is Claus !For many years I teach students from all over the world as a professional teacher of the German language. With a lot of... experience and patience I lead my students to their to teach successfully and with fun. I offer you general language courses of A1-C2 with test preparations, as well as courses in Business German (prerequisites are language proficiency in German from level B1 +!). Read more
This teacher is one of our premium members. A premium teacher is very motivated to provide an excellent learning experience.
German native teacher for German and Spanish classes
I teach: German, Spanish
I am Marcus Hartmann, 30 years old and I have been living in Cali, Colombia, for more than four years. There I work as a German teacher for... Spanish-speaking people, young and old. I love the German language and develop many modern methodologies to make the German more playful and easier to learn. I also run a blog and a Facebook page, where I present many tips and tricks that make learning German easier. I teach German for all levels and Spanish for beginners. Read more
Italian and German as a foreign language
I teach: German, Italian
Hi! I am Donatella, I'm Italian and I have been living in Vienna since 2009. I teach Italian and German as a foreign language. I really... like teaching and I enjoy it! Every day I have the great chance to work together with people with a different ages, backgroung and learning goals. Thanks to my job I can broaden and deepen my knowledge and skills and of course meet people from all over the world.Foreign languages represent my first interest, as a learner too. After having experienced a distance learning course I find the e-learning a personal, specific and practical method to learn, improve or polish up a foreign language! I would be glad to hear from you! Read more