• German grammar
    0%
  • 1 German pronunciation [0/1]
  • 2 German functions of words [0/5]
  • 3 German sentence structure [0/28]
  • Construct a German sentence! (Score -/-)Free
  • Make a German indirect speech! (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 Sentence structure of main clauses in German [0/4]
  • 3.2 Dependent clauses in German [0/12]
  • 3.3 Negation in German [0/3]
  • 3.4 Questions in German [0/2]
  • 3.5 Indirect speech in German [0/2]
  • 3.6 Conjunctions in German [0/3]
  • 4 German Articles [0/7]
  • 5 German nouns [0/28]
  • Fill in the correct form of the German noun! (Score -/-)Free
  • Form the correct plural form of the German nouns! (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the correct definite and indefinite article! (Score -/-)Free
  • Translate these nouns into German (Score -/-)Free
  • Match the right German word to the sentences (Score -/-)Free
  • 5.1 Gender of German nouns (substantives) - der, die, das [0/9]
  • 5.2 Plural of German nouns [0/4]
  • 5.3 German declension (N-declension) [0/4]
  • 5.4 Diminutive (-lein, -chen) in German [0/3]
  • 5.5 Compound nouns in German [0/2]
  • 5.6 Adjectives and verbs as nouns in German [0/1]
  • 6 German pronouns [0/19]
  • 7 German cases [0/13]
  • 8 German adjectives [0/29]
  • Exercise for building German adjectives (Score -/-)Free
  • Determine the form of use of these German adjectives! (Score -/-)Free
  • Transform these German adjectives to their nominal form (Score -/-)Free
  • Build the comparative and superlative of these German adjectives (Score -/-)Free
  • Insert the German attributive adjective! (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Different types of adjectives in German [0/3]
  • 8.2 How to form German adjectives [0/1]
  • 8.3 German participle as adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.4 Comparative and superlative adjectives in German [0/4]
  • 8.5 Declension of German adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.6 Forming and declension of ordinal numbers in German [0/2]
  • 8.7 Possessive adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.8 Demonstrative adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.9 Interrogative and exclamatory adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.10 Indefinite adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.11 List of German Adjectives [0/2]
  • 9 German adverbs [0/13]
  • 10 German verbs [0/67]
  • Match the correct German verb to the sentences (Score -/-)Free
  • Form the German simple past and participle II form (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise to match the right German auxiliary verb! (Score -/-)Free
  • Choose the right conjugation of the German verbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Build the German form of politeness! (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.1 Auxiliary verbs in German [0/5]
  • 10.2 Modal verbs in German [0/8]
  • 10.3 Separable and inseparable verbs in German [0/3]
  • 10.4 Conjugation of regular verbs (weak verbs) in German
  • 10.5 Conjugation of irregular verbs (strong verbs) in German [0/45]
  • Exercise: German irregular verbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.5.1 Conjugation of geben (to give) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.2 Conjugation of gehen (to walk, to go) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.3 Conjugation of lassen (to let) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.4 Conjugation of nehmen (to take) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.5 Conjugation of fahren (to drive) German [0/2]
  • 10.5.6 Conjugation of essen (to eat) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.7 Conjugation of lesen (to read) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.8 Conjugation of sehen (to see) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.9 Conjugation of kommen (to come) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.10 Conjugation of trinken (to drink) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.11 Conjugation of schlafen (to sleep) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.12 Conjugation of gefallen (to please) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.13 Conjugation of schreiben (to write) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.14 Conjugation of helfen (to help) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.15 Conjugation of laufen (to run) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.16 Conjugation of treffen (to meet, to hit) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.17 Conjugation of tragen (to carry) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.18 Conjugation of bleiben (to stay) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.19 Conjugation of schwimmen (to swim) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.20 Conjugation of finden (to find) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.21 Conjugation of waschen (to wash) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.22 Conjugation of bekommen (to get) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.23 Cojugation of bringen (to bring) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.24 Conjugation of sprechen (to speak) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.25 Conjugation of heißen (to be called) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.26 Conjugation of fliegen (to fly) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.27 Conjugation of backen (to bake) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.28 Conjugation of steigen (to rise) in German [0/1]
  • 10.6 List of common verbs in German [0/1]
  • 11 German prepositions [0/27]
  • Spot all the used German prepositions! (Score -/-)Free
  • Match the German prepositions! (Score -/-)Free
  • Prepositions and German grammar cases! (Score -/-)Free
  • Determine which kind of German preposition is being used! (Score -/-)Free
  • Complete the verbs and adjectives! (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 Locative prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.2 Temporal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.3 Modal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.4 Causal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.5 German prepositions requiring the genitive [0/2]
  • 11.6 German prepositions requiring the dative [0/2]
  • 11.7 German Prepositions requiring the accusative [0/2]
  • 11.8 German prepositions with either dative or accusative [0/2]
  • 11.9 German prepositions and articles [0/2]
  • 11.10 German prepositions with verbs [0/2]
  • 11.11 German prepositions and adjectives [0/2]
  • 12 Tenses and conjugation of German verbs [0/23]
  • Form the correct German tense! (Score -/-)Free
  • Choose the correct German tense! (Score -/-)Free
  • 12.1 Present tense (Präsens) in German [0/4]
  • 12.2 Simple past tense (Präteritum) in German [0/4]
  • 12.3 Present perfect (Perfekt) in German [0/3]
  • 12.4 Past perfect tense (Plusquamperfekt) in German [0/3]
  • 12.5 German future I [0/4]
  • 12.6 German Future II [0/3]
  • 13 Infinitive in German [0/8]
  • 14 Imperative in German [0/3]
  • 15 Subjunctive in German [0/6]
  • 16 Active and passive voice in German [0/2]
  • 17 Participle in German [0/6]

  • This chapter deals with the German articles in general and additionally with difference between definite and indefinite articles. Then you will learn the articles in connection with prepositons and when you do not use any articles in German.

    What are articles in German?

    Articles always accompany and always stand before nouns. In German there are two types of articles: definite and indefinite articles. They help you to identify and determine gender (masculine, feminine, neuter), number (singular, plural) and cases (normative, accusative, dative, genitive). 

    Chart of the German Articles (definite and indefinite articles)

    In this chart you can find the definite and indefinite articles defined by gender. 

    Gender Definite Arcitles Indefinite Articles
    Masculine der ein
    Feminine die eine
    Neuter das ein

     

    The definite articles der, die, das are translated as the in English. The indefinite articles ein, eine are translated as a or an.

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    Usage of definite and indefinite articles

    It is important to distinguish when to use definite and when to use indefinite articles. 

    Usage of the definite articles

    The following table describes when you have to use the definite articles.

     Usage of definite Articles (der, die, das - the) Example Translation
    When we are talking about something specific

    Der Hund bellt laut. 

    Die Dame überquert die Straße.

    The dogs barks loudly. 

    The lady crosses the street.

    When something has already been mentioned or you assume it to be generally known

    Das Kolloseum in Rom ist atemberaubend. 

    Das Mädchen schreibt einen Brief.

    The Colosseum in Rom is breathtaking.

    The girl writes a letter.

    Usage of indefinite articles

    This table describes when you have to use indefinite articles.

    Usage of indefinite articles (ein, eine- a or an) Example Translation
    When we are talking about something that is not specially defined.

    Peter is ein Eis.

    Ich ziehe einen Mantel an.

    Peter eats an ice-cream.

    I put on a coat.

    When we we mention something for the first time or assume it not to be generally known.

    Ein Pferd ist ein Säugetier.

    Maria hat einen Bruder.

    A horse is a mammal.

    Maria has a brother.

    Articles + Prepositions

    In some cases specific articles and prepostions are contracted. The articles that usually merge with prepostions are in the accusative or the dative case. This table below shows the most common contractions.

    Preposition Preposition + Article Example Translation
    an an + dem = am Max steht am Bahnhof Max is standing at the station.
    bei  bei + dem = beim Beim Lesen hat er die Zeit vergessen.  While reading, he forgot the time.
    in in + dem = im
    in + das = ins
    Ich bin im Schwimmbad. 
    Kommst du auch ins Schwimmbad?
    I'm at the swimming pool. Do you also come to the swimming pool?
    von von + dem = vom Ich komme gerade vom Theater. I have just come from the theater.
    zu zu + dem = zum
    zu + der = zur

    Maria muss zum Arzt gehen.
    Ich renne zur Tür. 

    Maria has to go to the doctor.
    I'm going to the door.

    When do you not use articles in German?

    There are certain situations in which the German language doesn't use articles. You can find these exceptions in this table below.

    Situation Example Translation
    1. Place names

    Ich wohne in Hamburg.

    In London regnet es.

    I live in Hamburg.

    It rains in London.

    2. Most of the country names

    Ich mache Urlaub in Norwegen.

    Island ist eine schöne Insel.

    enlightenedIn der Schweiz gibt es viele Berge.

    I'm going on holiday to Norway.

    Iceland is a beautiful island.

    In switzerland there a many mountains.

    3. Title (in newspapers,...)

    Grünflächen wurden geschaffen

    Städte fassen gemeinsam einen Beschluss

    Green spaces werde created

    Cities jointly take a decision

    4. Indefinite article in plural

    Dort stehen Stühle.

    Jungs spielen gerne Fußball.

    There are chairs.

    Boys like to play soccer.

    5. Certain concrete skills

    Laura spielt Klavier.

    Meine Mutter spielt Tennis.

    Laura plays the piano.

    My mother plays tennis.

    6. Creating lists

    Packliste: Zahnbürste, Schlafsack

    Packing list: toothbrush, sleeping bag
    7. Equate with the verb werden or sein

    Mein Bruder ist Lehrer.

    Ich werde Arzt.

    My brother is a teacher.

    I am going to be a doctor.

    8. Exclamation

    Hilfe!

    Mist!

    Help!

    Crap!

    9. Materials/Liquids

    Wir müssen noch Milch kaufen.

    Benzin wird knapp.

    We still have to buy milk.

    Gasoline is scarce.

    In order to deepen the knowledge of the German articles, you can do the exercise on the following pages.

    Next lessons

    1 German definite articles (der, die, das) Learn about the German definite articles der, die, das
    2 Indefinite Articles in German (ein, eine) Learn about the German indefinite articles!