• German grammar
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  • 1 German pronunciation [0/1]
  • 2 German functions of words [0/5]
  • 3 German sentence structure [0/28]
  • Construct a German sentence! (Score -/-)Free
  • Make a German indirect speech! (Score -/-)Free
  • 3.1 Sentence structure of main clauses in German [0/4]
  • 3.2 Dependent clauses in German [0/12]
  • 3.3 Negation in German [0/3]
  • 3.4 Questions in German [0/2]
  • 3.5 Indirect speech in German [0/2]
  • 3.6 Conjunctions in German [0/3]
  • 4 German Articles [0/7]
  • 5 German nouns [0/28]
  • Fill in the correct form of the German noun! (Score -/-)Free
  • Form the correct plural form of the German nouns! (Score -/-)Free
  • Fill in the correct definite and indefinite article! (Score -/-)Free
  • Translate these nouns into German (Score -/-)Free
  • Match the right German word to the sentences (Score -/-)Free
  • 5.1 Gender of German nouns (substantives) - der, die, das [0/9]
  • 5.2 Plural of German nouns [0/4]
  • 5.3 German declension (N-declension) [0/4]
  • 5.4 Diminutive (-lein, -chen) in German [0/3]
  • 5.5 Compound nouns in German [0/2]
  • 5.6 Adjectives and verbs as nouns in German [0/1]
  • 6 German pronouns [0/19]
  • 7 German cases [0/13]
  • 8 German adjectives [0/29]
  • Exercise for building German adjectives (Score -/-)Free
  • Determine the form of use of these German adjectives! (Score -/-)Free
  • Transform these German adjectives to their nominal form (Score -/-)Free
  • Build the comparative and superlative of these German adjectives (Score -/-)Free
  • Insert the German attributive adjective! (Score -/-)Free
  • 8.1 Different types of adjectives in German [0/3]
  • 8.2 How to form German adjectives [0/1]
  • 8.3 German participle as adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.4 Comparative and superlative adjectives in German [0/4]
  • 8.5 Declension of German adjectives [0/2]
  • 8.6 Forming and declension of ordinal numbers in German [0/2]
  • 8.7 Possessive adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.8 Demonstrative adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.9 Interrogative and exclamatory adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.10 Indefinite adjectives in German [0/2]
  • 8.11 List of German Adjectives [0/2]
  • 9 German adverbs [0/13]
  • 10 German verbs [0/67]
  • Match the correct German verb to the sentences (Score -/-)Free
  • Form the German simple past and participle II form (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise to match the right German auxiliary verb! (Score -/-)Free
  • Choose the right conjugation of the German verbs (Score -/-)Free
  • Build the German form of politeness! (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.1 Auxiliary verbs in German [0/5]
  • 10.2 Modal verbs in German [0/8]
  • 10.3 Separable and inseparable verbs in German [0/3]
  • 10.4 Conjugation of regular verbs (weak verbs) in German
  • 10.5 Conjugation of irregular verbs (strong verbs) in German [0/45]
  • Exercise: German irregular verbs (Score -/-)Free
  • 10.5.1 Conjugation of geben (to give) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.2 Conjugation of gehen (to walk, to go) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.3 Conjugation of lassen (to let) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.4 Conjugation of nehmen (to take) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.5 Conjugation of fahren (to drive) German [0/2]
  • 10.5.6 Conjugation of essen (to eat) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.7 Conjugation of lesen (to read) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.8 Conjugation of sehen (to see) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.9 Conjugation of kommen (to come) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.10 Conjugation of trinken (to drink) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.11 Conjugation of schlafen (to sleep) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.12 Conjugation of gefallen (to please) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.13 Conjugation of schreiben (to write) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.14 Conjugation of helfen (to help) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.15 Conjugation of laufen (to run) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.16 Conjugation of treffen (to meet, to hit) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.17 Conjugation of tragen (to carry) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.18 Conjugation of bleiben (to stay) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.19 Conjugation of schwimmen (to swim) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.20 Conjugation of finden (to find) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.21 Conjugation of waschen (to wash) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.22 Conjugation of bekommen (to get) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.23 Cojugation of bringen (to bring) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.24 Conjugation of sprechen (to speak) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.25 Conjugation of heißen (to be called) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.26 Conjugation of fliegen (to fly) in German [0/2]
  • 10.5.27 Conjugation of backen (to bake) in German [0/1]
  • 10.5.28 Conjugation of steigen (to rise) in German [0/1]
  • 10.6 List of common verbs in German [0/1]
  • 11 German prepositions [0/27]
  • Spot all the used German prepositions! (Score -/-)Free
  • Match the German prepositions! (Score -/-)Free
  • Prepositions and German grammar cases! (Score -/-)Free
  • Determine which kind of German preposition is being used! (Score -/-)Free
  • Complete the verbs and adjectives! (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 Locative prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.2 Temporal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.3 Modal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.4 Causal prepositions in German [0/2]
  • 11.5 German prepositions requiring the genitive [0/2]
  • 11.6 German prepositions requiring the dative [0/2]
  • 11.7 German Prepositions requiring the accusative [0/2]
  • 11.8 German prepositions with either dative or accusative [0/2]
  • 11.9 German prepositions and articles [0/2]
  • 11.10 German prepositions with verbs [0/2]
  • 11.11 German prepositions and adjectives [0/2]
  • 12 Tenses and conjugation of German verbs [0/23]
  • Form the correct German tense! (Score -/-)Free
  • Choose the correct German tense! (Score -/-)Free
  • 12.1 Present tense (Präsens) in German [0/4]
  • 12.2 Simple past tense (Präteritum) in German [0/4]
  • 12.3 Present perfect (Perfekt) in German [0/3]
  • 12.4 Past perfect tense (Plusquamperfekt) in German [0/3]
  • 12.5 German future I [0/4]
  • 12.6 German Future II [0/3]
  • 13 Infinitive in German [0/8]
  • 14 Imperative in German [0/3]
  • 15 Subjunctive in German [0/6]
  • 16 Active and passive voice in German [0/2]
  • 17 Participle in German [0/6]
  • What are interrogative pronouns?

    Interrogative pronouns are used to ask for someone or something. They replace the noun, that is referred to in the question.

    List of interrogative pronouns

    Interrogativpronomen Translation Example
    Wer? Who?
    • Wer hat Hunger? - Who is hungry?
    Was? What?
    • Was hast du heute gemacht? - What did you do today?
    Wem? Whom?
    • Wem gehört das? - To whom belongs this bag?
    Wen? Who?
    • Wen hast du getroffen? - Who did you meet?
    Wessen? Whose?
    • Wessen Hut ist das? - Whose hat is that?
    Welcher/Welche/Welchen? Which?
    • Welcher Schuh gehört dir? - Which shoe belongs to you?
    Wie viel? How much?
    • Wie viel hast du gelernt? - How much did you learn?
    Wie viele? How many?
    • Wie viele Äpfel hängen am Baum? - How much apples are hanging on the tree?

    enlightenedThe interrogative pronouns stand in the same case as the noun, that the question refers to.

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    The German pronouns Wer and Was?

    With "Wer?" you ask for persons and with "Was?" for things. There is no distinction for gender or singular and plural.

    • Wer ist das? (Person) - Who is that? (person)
    • Was ist das? (Sache) - What is that? (thing)

    The interrogative pronoun "Wer?" changes according to which case the referred to noun is in.

      Fragewort Translation Example
    Nominative Wer? Who?
    • Wer kommt mit? - Who is coming with?
    Genitive Wessen? Whose?
    • Wessen (Auto) ist das? - Whose (car) is that?
    Dative Wem? To Who?
    • Wem gehört der Rucksack? - Who does this backpack belong to?
    Accusative Wen? Who?
    • Wen haben wir vergessen? - Who did we forget?

    'Welcher?' vs. 'Was für...?'

    The German pronouns Welcher, Welche, Welches?

    The interrogative pronouns "welcher", "welche" und "welches" are used, when we ask for a part of a variety of various persons or things. In English they are always translated with "Which".

      Fragewort Example
    Masculine Welcher?
    • Welcher Tag ist heute? - Which day is it?
    Feminine/Plural Welche?
    • Welche Farbe gefällt dir am besten? - Which color do you like the most?  
    Neuter Welches?
    • Welches Lied magst du lieber? - Which song do you like more?

    The interrogative pronoun 'welcher/welche/welches' also has do be declined according to the case of the noun they ask for:

      Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
    Nominative welcher welche welches welche
    Accusative welchen welche welches welche
    Dative welchem welcher welchem welchen

    Examples

    • Welchen Fußballverein unterstützt du? - Which football club do you support?
    • Welchem Kind gehört dieser Rucksack? - To which child does this backpack belong?

    The question "Was für ein/e"?

    The question "Was für eine/e?" ("What kind of?") is used, when you ask for a characteristic of a person or thing.

    • Was für ein Buch hast du gelesen? - What kind of book did you read?
    • Was für eine Tapete willst du kaufen? - What kind of wallpaper do you want to buy?
    • Was für ein Getränk hast du bestellt? - What kind of beverage did you order?

    Question about quantity in German ('Wie viele?' vs. 'Wie viel?')

    To ask about quantity we have the same distinction as in English.

      Wie viele? Wie viel?
    Usage for countable amounts (how many?)  for uncountable amounts (how much?)
    Examples
    • Wie viele Bücher hast du gelesen? - How many books did you read?
    • Wie viele Tage sind es noch bis Weihnachten? - How many days are left til Christmas?
    • Wie viel Geld hast du? - How much money do you have?
    • Wie viel Zeit brauchst du? - How much time do you need?