Participles are known as kinds of a verb. Therefore, in German there are used two different participles: the present and the past participle.
The present participle is used, when two events happen at the same time. This kind of participle is always used as an adjective.
|Sentence without a participle||Sentence with a participle|
|Das Kind weint und steht im Garten. (The child is crying and is standing in the garden.)||Das weinende Kind steht im Garten. (The crying child is standing in the garden.)|
|Die Frau schreit und rennt aus dem Haus. (The child is crying and runs out of the house.)||Die schreiende Frau rennt aus dem Haus. (The screaming women runs out of the house.)|
As you might have recognized, the words weint and schreit are returned into the infinitive form and an -de was added to make it a present participle.
By using the present participle as an adjective, it has to be declined in order to adjust it to the noun it describes, depending on the gender, case and number of the noun. Due to different articles used, there exist different forms of declensions: weak declension (with a definite article), mixed declension (with an indefinite article) and strong declension (no preceding article). If you want to learn more about the four german cases just have a look at the special chapter about it.
Starting with the weak declension:
|Nominative||der weinende Junge||die weinende Puppe||das weinende Mädchen||die weinenden Kinder|
|Accusative||den weinenden Jungen||die weinende Puppe||das weinende Mädchen||die weinenden Kinder|
|Dative||dem weinenden Jungen||der weinenden Puppe||dem weinenden Mädchen||den weinenden Kinder|
|Genitive||des weinenden Jungen||der weinenden Puppe||des weinenden Mädchens||der weinenden Kinder|
Coming to the mixed declension:
|Nominative||ein weinender Junge||eine weinende Puppe||ein weinendes Mädchen||einige weinende Kinder|
|Accusative||einen weinenden Jungen||eine weinende Puppe||ein weinendes Mädchen||einige weinende Kinder|
|Dative||einem weinenden Jungen||einer weinenden Puppe||einem weinenden Mädchen||einigen weinenden Kindern|
|Genitive||eines weinenden Jungen||einer weinenden Puppe||eines weinenden Mädchens||einiger weinender Kinder|
And the strong declension:
|Nominative||weinender Junge||weinende Puppe||weinendes Mädchen||weinende Kinder|
|Accusative||weinenden Jungen||weinende Puppe||weinendes Mädchen||weinende Kinder|
|Dative||weinendem Jungen||weinender Puppe||weinendem Mädchen||weinenden Kindern|
|Genitive||weinendes Jungens||weinender Puppe||weinendes Mädchens||weinender Kinder|
It's also possible that the participle is in a non-attributive function, meaning that the participle is isolated in the sentence. For instance, "Der Auftrag ist dringend." (The order is urgent."). Then the -d ending is enough.
The past participle, in contrast, signals that the noun of a sentence is in a certain condition or that two actions didn't happen at the same time. Many weak and strong verbs can be used as adjectives.
|Sentence without participle||Sentence with participle|
|Ich verkaufe das Auto. Das Auto ist gebraucht. (I am selling my car. The car is used.)||Ich verkaufe mein gebrauchtes Auto. (I am selling my used car.)|
Die Frau ist gebildet und ist Professorin. (The women is well eductaed and is a professor.)
Die gebildete Frau ist Professorin. (The well educated women is a professor.)
By constructing the past participle you have to be careful, because you need to transform the verb of a sentence into an adjective. By doing so, there are different options:
|kaufen (to buy)||ge-kauf-t||Bring bitte den gekauften Regenschirm mit. (Please bring the bought umbrella.)|
|öffnen (to open||ge-öffn-et||Bitte mach das geöffnete Fenster zu. (Please close the opened window.)|
|aufrunden (to round sth. up)||auf-ge-rund-et||Ich habe die Summe aufgerundet. (I rounded the sum up.)|
|angebrannt (to be burnt)||an-ge-brann-t||Die Suppe ist angebrannt. (The soup is burnt.)|
|zerstören (to destroy)||zer-stör-t||Die zersörte Stadt wird wieder aufgebaut. (the destroyed city will be rebuilt.)|
|entwickeln (to develop)||ent-wickel-t||Das entwickelte Computerprogramm ist gut. (The developed computer program is good.)|
|repapieren (to fix)||reparier-t||Wo steht das reparierte Auto? (Where is the fixed car?|
|studieren||studier-t||Der studierte Informatiker weiß viel. (The studied computer scientist knows a lot.)|
|kommen (to come)||ge-komm-en||Der gestern gekommene Katalog ist schön. (The catalog which arrived yesterday is fine.)|
|fahren (to drive)||ge-fahr-en||Die gefahrene Route war schneller. (The droven route was faster.)|
There are some exceptions to this rule, for instance the verbs sein (gewesen), haben (gehabt), werden (geworden).
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In recent years I have worked as an Academic Director at a Language School in northern Spain. My job duties there included designing intensive Spanish & English courses for beginners’, intermediate and advanced levels, as well as teaching both on-site and via Skype. This constant interest has allowed me to become familiar with techniques and tools that are essential in today´s second language learning, such as the materials used by the Cervantes Institute and the most renowned publications and blogs in the field of language teaching. Most particularly, I have made extensive use of audiovisuals and creative writing activities in order to develop consistent, effective courses.
As an on-line teacher, I have steadily used different technology applications in language learning. My tasks as a teacher included setting homework and giving feedback to my students, according to their needs, on a regular basis, as well as keeping accurate register of their attendance and progress.
Graduated in Hispanic Philology and Masters in Applied French, I have always kept up with my teaching training and have recently completed a Cambridge CELTA course for English teachers This further training has provided me with the familiarity to different teaching methodologies, which have proven to be extremely useful in my classes.
My hobbies: art cinema, hiking, reading and watching and playing basketball.
I wanted to refresh and improve my Spanish and I contacted Inigo because he 's certified in luinguistic. Inigo is very patient, professional and helpful. He provides well structured lessons, in a very friendly and good atmosphere which is really favorable for learning a foreign language. The lesson material is built around several support such as text, audio, video, etc. You can't be bored and it's nice to switch between the different materials along the hour. He's also fluent in French and English so he can switch from a language to another for any explanation if needed. I really enjoy my lessons with him and I definitely recommand him!
For me, learning German was a nightmare and I was certain that I will never learn the language. Sara sure did prove me wrong. With her, learning German became fun. I always wait with excitement for our next session. She drastically imporved my skills in a few months and most importantly, I made a good friend along the way. Ich kann mit Sicherheit sagen, dass Sara die Beste ist
1) M.A. in Linguistics at the Higher School of Economics (HSE Moscow 20');
2) B.A. in the Teaching of foreign languages (French-English) (KSPU 18');
3) Diploma in the teaching of Russian as a foreign (KSPU 18');
4) Academic IELTS C1 - 8.0 Band;
5) 7-years of experience in the teaching languages (Eng., Fr., Rus.) as a private tutor, university and school teacher.
Ivan is a friendly and motivated teacher. He helps his students learn the language in a very easy and interesting way.
My name is Karolin and I have been living in Chile for more than 2 years now. I've been teaching via Skype for quite some time and I've found that this kind of work is fun. That's why I would like to expand my circle of students.
Both in English and in German, I teach classes for beginners and advanced students. I speak Spanish fluently, but I do not want to cheat anyone, so I note here that I speak the spanish from Chile. I learned and teach the spanish from Spain and I can explain the differences if you're interested, but that is why I only teach spanish for beginners.
If you'd like to get to know me and my teaching methods, just contact me and we will do a free trial lesson.
See you soon!
As the lessons have gone on, Karolin has been really good at analysing even which state of mind I am in for the lesson plans. She is really adaptable and even last week realised that a planned lesson would not work well due to my chaotic response to a lot of work stress so she made the perfect alternative lesson - without me asking - to make the best use of the time. It was refreshing and I enjoyed it and it put me in an even better frame of mind for future lessons. I'm really enjoying my continued German study!
I'm a German language teacher with a Master's degree in German language and literature. Since I was born and lived in Switzerland and grew up in a bilingual family, I speak also Swiss German and Croatian on a native level.
I started to teach German in 2016, to English and Croatian speaking students, but since I love languages I work also as professional translator and became also sworn translator for the German language in the same year.
Now I work as freelance teacher and translator for various companies, also my own company for translation services and German language education that I founded in 2018.
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I offer standard German language lessons for A1, A2, B1, B2 level.
This is ideal for students who want to improve their fluency and communication skills through conversations by actively participating in the class and to learn new words, to improve their vocabulary by reading texts on various topics.
All learning materials and exercises are free and will be provided before or during the lesson (in PDF or Word). The topics and exercises are following the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR), because of that they include grammar, speaking and reading exercises.
The course will also prepare you for following tests (depending which level you finished): Start Deutsch A1, Start Deutsch A2, telc Deutsch Beruf A2, telc Deutsch Beruf B1, Zertifikat Deutsch B1.
If you wish to have only conversational lessons, I can arrange this also for you :)
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My first impressions of Mihaela are that she is very organised and quick-thinking. She is extremely student-centred and built the lesson around me, checking what I already know and finding where the gaps in my knowledge are.
I’m from France but I’m living in Brazil for 3 years.
I love my job which is to teach french as a professional language for people to use in business, at university or for an immigration project.
I can also prepare you for french certifications ( DELF, DALF, TCF , TEF etc. ).
Please, enter in contact for any questions :)
Marine is an amazing teacher, she is direct and focused at all times. She has a strong teaching background and it shows. I have been taking lessons for half a year with her and can't recommend her highly enough.
Hello everyone and a big warm welcome to all the fellow language learners,
My name is Katerina, I’m a native Russian speaker and a foreign language teacher from St Petersburg, Russia. I’ve always been addicted to learning foreign languages, be it English, German, Spanish, Turkish or Arabic, so turning my passion into my job was just a matter of time. I have a Master’s degree in linguistics which taught me to understand the way the mechanism of a language works and thus to help my students see the logics behind the grammar rules. Being a constant language learner enables me to see the process from both sides and to predict the difficulties my students might face. The fact that I’m not a native speaker of English or German means I’ve been through exactly the same language-learning journey you’re about to take, and thanks to my personal experience as a student, I can make this road smooth for you.
I've had students of all ages, from pre-school kids to senior generation, and I feel comfortable working with both beginners and those who are eager to take their learning process to a new level. In my classes I encourage you to talk in the language we’re studying as much as possible, putting every single bit of knowledge into practice right away. If you’re a Russian-learner, I’d be glad to prove it to you that you can absolutely nail my mother-tongue - and yes, you’ll be able to make a small talk in Russian by the end of the first class even if you’re an absolute beginner! We’ll be focusing on the topics that are most relevant to your goals, while discovering the language and getting to know more about the culture of people who speak it.
I offer a short free trial class, for us to give each other a smile and discuss our teaching pattern, in order to ajust it to your goals and make our lessons the bee's knees :) See you soon!
Great positive energy, full of resources, willing to progress, patient with a lot explanations and examples, enormous amount of exercises designed to develop knowledge and fluency. A sheer pleasure to learn from Ekaterina.
I am a teacher of French as a Foreign Language (FLE), with a Master's degree in Training Engineering, specialising in FLE, Professional French and International Cooperation. Your needs are individual: we evaluate them together and I propose you an adapted learning based on my experience as a student as well as in a professional situation. No traditional pedagogy, we will use IT tools (TICE) to live a playful experience, inscribed in the action pedagogy, communicative method. I will accompany you whatever your level, including in the preparation for the exams for which I am qualified (France Education International, ex CIEP, DELF/DALF).
It is the exchange that is important, we move forward together.
Passionate about this profession, it is the diversity of intercultural exchanges that enriches my practice, a necessary complement to my activity in training engineering. I need to keep in touch with learners, so see you soon!
Isabel is a french teacher who is qualified and has a great deal of experience. She has taught in different countries including the USA and Japan, and counts with different learning materials to help achieve different objectives.
German was my key to the world of possibilities and that's why I want to support you on your language path. German was my main focus in my bachelor's degree in Interpreting and Translation and then I completed my master's degree in intercultural German Studies and German as a Foreign Language. My additional education as an Intercultural Trainer and my practical experience from several international language institutes add value to my German lessons that you can benefit from: Only your focus decides - preparation for a language exam or studies, help with various documents and written works or your wish to improve your German in a communicative way. I would very much like to get to know you in a free trial lesson, so that we can discuss your wishes and requirements and prepare the lessons so that they bring you closer to your goal. And all of this from an intercultural perspective and with my personal experience, because I know your own perspective as well as the challenges that language learning brings with it. I'm looking forward to meeting you!
Very professional! In just about ten lessons my spoken German has considerably improved. Flexible and easy to learn teaching method. Five starts well deserved.
My interest in learning foreign languages has arisen since I was a young girl. At 13 I made up my mind to attend the foreign language high school where I graduaded with proficiency. After a few years I got my University degree.
I have been teaching for a few years privately via Skype Italian mainly to German adult students. My method is based to consolidate the grammar knowledge if previuosly done or to base it by catching their attention on interesting topics. I provide my students all material needed to plan a valuable lesson and for this reason I have gathered fulfilling reviews on other teaching platforms
About Italian students studying German with me, most of them are interested in deeping topics dealt at school or being prepared to get a certification.
I look forward to hearing from you
Very interesting and useful lessons. Maria Grazia always punctual and precise, we worked very well and she was always very kind
my name is Nina, I'm from Austria and I also lived for one year and a half in Canada. I worked there as a German Teacher for adults, so I speak German, English and French.
I also teach English for beginners and advanced beginners.
My teaching methodes are totally based on the level of my student. If somebody is already advanced, I focus on communication and pronunciation. We will arrange on a topic and talk and discuss in the lesson about it.
If my student is a beginner, I'm gonna start with the basics of the German language. (the articles, the verb "to be", the pronouns...)
The learning material is all made by myself, because I'm a German teacher, so that means, I already got lots of working sheets for many topics. I send these to my student via e-mail or put it directly on the coLanguage homepage.
I'm available from Monday to Thursday between 5pm and 08:00 pm. For the weekend it's the best to just send me a request.
Of course is a free trial lesson (it's about 20 minutes) possible.
I'm happy to teach you :-)
See you soon! Nina
Today Nina helped me to fill out a couple of papers. Thank you Nina for your help and patience :)
I am thrilled by my teacher Dani. She is nice, positive and does a great job.
Hello! I am Cesar. I come from Madrid (Spain) and I teach Spanish for foreign students since 2016.- That's my profession.- I have studied Spanish Language and Literature and a master in Teaching Spanish as a Foreign Language.- Online activities and exercises adapted to each student.- Levels from A1 (beginner) to C1 (advanced).- Reports and optional exercises between lessons.- Preparation for official exam DELE (I work as DELE examiner).- I speak English.- Je parle français.- Я немного говорю по русски.
Very good teacher, with good learning materials. Goes forward in a structured manner and givese a lot of feedback on written and spoken skills.
Micaela is an excellent teacher, prepared and above all organized and awake. My lerning experience has been more than positive!
My name is Christina and I provide fun German and French language lesson for children and adult beginners or intermediate who want to strengthen their language skills, improve the grammar knowledge, enrich the vocabulary and get into the German culture! I can teach in English or French!
I had experince in teaching German, English and French to foreign people so I do have a lot of useful learning material I can provide you to make it easier!
My daughter is really happy with Christina and I can already see she is improving her German after 6 lessons! Many thanks Christina!
Thank you very much !