German Future II
Usage and definition of future II (future perfect)
The Future II describes, that an action will have been closed and completed in a specific time in the future. It is mostly used to express past probabilities or likelihood. When used in this way, an adverb like sicher, vielleicht, wahrscheinlich or dort is often used in the same sentence. Except of this usage, the tense is rarely used.
Warum ist das Auto kaputt? (Why is the car broken?)
- Das Auto wird wohl eine Panne gehabt haben. (The probably had a malfunction)
- Hoffentlich wird die Werkstatt es in einer Woche repariert haben. (Hopefully the car shop will have repaired it until next week)
Marker words that indicate the future perfect tense in German
There are some words, that indicate the perfect future tense (Futur II) in German.
How to conjugate verbs in future II
To use the future II tense in the correct way, you need to watch a certain rule when constructing it:
- right conjugation of the auxiliary 'werden' in present + past participle of the full verb + infinitive of sein or haben
See the conjugation of the auxiliary 'werden' in present below.
If you want to learn how to conjugate the past participle, have a look the the special chapter about the past participle in German.
When to use sein or haben
It's important to know when to use which auxiliary. There are some rules you have to remember.
|When to use 'sein'||When to use 'haben|
See some examples here:
- Ich werde nach Hause gegangen sein. (I will have gone home.)
- Sie werden den Marathon gelaufen sein. (They will have ran the marathon.)
- Du wirst das Buch gelesen haben. (You will have read the book.)
- Wir werden von unserem Ausflug erzählt haben. (We will have told you from our trip.)
- Ihr werdet über die Prüfung geredet haben. (You will have talked about the exam.)
Now, that you have learned about the future I and future II, strengthen your ability about these tenses in our exercises.
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