• Spanish grammar
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  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/6]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronouns in Spanish practice quiz (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Fill in the blanks (Score -/-)
  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Sentence structure and word order in Spanish [0/4]
  • 9 Spanish prepositions [0/2]
  • 10 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/27]
  • 10.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 10.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/18]
  • 10.2.1 Pretérito perfecto simple (indefinido) in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.2 Pretérito perfecto compuesto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.3 Difference between Pretérito Perfecto and Indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.4 Pretérito Imperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.5 Difference between imperfecto and indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.6 Pretérito pluscuamperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 11 Difference between "ser" and "estar" in Spanish [0/3]
  • 12 Spanish verbs [0/7]
  • 13 Gerund in Spanish (el gerundio) [0/3]
  • 14 Imperative in Spanish (imperativo) [0/6]
  • 15 Passive in Spanish (voz pasiva) [0/3]
  • 16 Negation in Spanish [0/2]
  • Spanish reflexive pronouns

    Reflexive pronouns (pronombres reflexivos) indicate that someone or something is performing an action on or for itself.

    Examples: 

    • Cada mañana me ducho antes de irme a la oficina. (Every morning I shower [myself] before going to the office.)
    • Clara se enfadó porque no la invitaron a su boda. (Clara got angry because they did not invite her to their wedding.)

    Reflexive pronoun forms

    Subject pronouns Reflexive pronoun English translation
    Yo me myself
    te yourself

    Él

    Ella

    Usted

    se

    himself

    herself

    formal yourself

    Nosotros / Nosotras nos ourselves
    Vosotros / Vosotras os yourselves

    Ellos / Ellas

    Ustedes

    se

    themselves

    formal yourselves

    Examples: 

    • Me corté las uñas. (I cut my nails.)
    • ¿Te has arreglado ya? (Have you already got ready?)
    • Se lavan las manos. (They are washing their hands.)
    • Nos despertamos muy tarde. (We woke up very late.)
    • ¿Os habéis aburrido esta tarde? (Have you got bored this afternoon?)

    Structure 

    Reflexive pronouns are part of reflexive verbs (verbos reflexivos) and they are generally placed before them

    The reflexive pronoun matches the subject of the verb in both number (singular or plural) and person (first, second, or third).

    The subject and object of the verb generally refer to the same entity.

    Example: 

    • Yo me baño. (I bathe myself.)
    • Él se arrepintió de lo que hizo. (He regretted what he did.)

    enlightenedSometimes the object which receives the action may be different but it refers to something which belongs to the subject (e.g. part of the body).

      Example: 

    Lucía se cortó un dedo con el cuchillo. (Lucía cut her finger with a knife.)

    Uses

    Uses Example
    actions related to personal care or daily routines Cada mañana me peino. (Every morning I brush myself/my hair.)
    indicating an emotional response to something (get angry, sad, etc.) María se enfadó con su novio. (María got angry with her boyfriend.)
    adding emphasis to a regular situation Me comería una tarta entera. (I would eat an entire cake.)

    Placement 

    Reflexive pronouns generally precede verbs (both simple and compound ones).

    Examples: 

    Mi novio se ha afeitado y ahora parece un niño. (My boyfriend shaved himself and now he looks like a child.)

    enlightenedAnyway, direct object pronoun placement depends on the conjugated form of the verb.

       Pay attention to the following cases: 

    1. negative and affirmative commands
    2. infinitive
    3. gerund

    1. Placement in commands

    With negative commands, the pronoun precedes the verb which refers to the command

    Example: 

    ¡No te preocupes! (Don't worry!)

    With affirmative commandsattach the pronoun to the verb which indicates the command. 

    Example: 

    ¡Lávate* las manos! (Wash your hands!)

    _____________________________________________________________________________________

    * If the stressed syllable of the verb is the next-to-last one (not counting the pronoun), add the accent mark.

    2. Placement with infinitive forms

    When used with infinitive forms, the pronoun may occur after the verb and it is attached to it. 

    Example: 

    Acabo de ducharme. (I have just showered myself.)

    enlightened It occurs before the conjugated form of a verb which precedes the infinitive as well. 

       Example: 

    Me acabo de levantar. (I have just got up.)

    3. Placement with gerund forms

    When used with gerund forms, the pronoun may occur after the verb and it is attached to it

    Example: 

    Estoy maquillandome. (I am putting on makeup.)

    enlightened It occurs before the conjugated form of a verb which precedes the gerund as well. 

       Example: 

    Mi padre se está afeitando. (My father is shaving himself.)

    How to describe your daily routine with reflexive verbs

    Reflexive verb English translation Example
    acostar(se) to go to bed Mi abuela suele acostarse muy temprano. (My grandmother is used to going to bed early.)
    afeitar(se) to shave (oneself) Mi padre se afeita cada mañana. (My father shaves [himself] every morning.)
    bañar(se) to have a bath Los niños necesitan bañarse. (The children need to have a bath.)
    despertar(se)  to wake up ¿A qué hora te despiertas? (What time do you usually wake up?)
    desvestir(se) to get undressed Rafael se desvistió y entró en la ducha. (Rafael got undressed and got in the shower.)
    duchar(se) to shower (oneself) Acabo de volver del gimnasio. Necesito ducharme. (I have just got back from the gym. I need to shower [myself].)
    lavar(se) to wash (oneself) ¡Lávate la cara! (Wash your face!)
    levantar(se) to get up Esta mañana me he levantado a las nueve. (This morning I got up at nine.)
    maquillar(se) to put makeup on Después de desayunar, me maquillo y salgo de casa. (After breakfast, I usually put my makeup on and leave home.)
    peinar(se) to brush (one's hair) Lávate los dientes y peinate antes de salir. (Brush your teeth and brush your hair before going out.)
    poner(se) to put on, to wear Creo que me pondré este vestido para salir con Juan. (I think I will wear this dress to go out with Juan.)
    secar(se) to dry off Coge la toalla y sécate antes de vestirte. (Take the towel and dry [yourself] before getting dressed.)

    Exercises

    Spanish reflexive pronoun practice quiz

    Spanish reflexive pronouns - Fill in the blanks