Cardinal numbers (números cardinales) express a quantity (how many).
They are used both as adjectives and pronouns. If they are placed before a noun, they are used as adjectives.
María tiene dos gatos. (María has got two cats.)
|31*||treinta y uno|
|32||treinta y dos|
|33||treinta y tres|
|34||treinta y cuatro|
|35||treinta y cinco|
|36||treinta y seis|
|37||treinta y siete|
|38||treinta y ocho|
|39||treinta y nueve|
|100||ciento / cien|
* From 31 onwards, use "y" to separate tens and units.
* Unlike English, Spanish uses periods to indicate the value of units.
If a number ends in -uno, it agrees with the noun it precedes. The masculine form drops the -o, while the feminine turns into -una.
When not followed by a noun, a number ending in -uno does not change to un.
A: "¿Cuantos estudiantes hay en esta biblioteca?" ("How many students are there in the library?")
B: "Treinta y uno". (Thirty-one.)
Numbers that end in ciento must agree with the nouns that follow them.
Hay doscientas mujeres esperando a Enrique Iglesias. (There are two hundred women waiting for Enrique Iglesias.)
Cien is used before mil (thousand) and millones (million).
|to count||uno, dos, tres...||one, two, three...|
|to tell the time||Son las seis y veinte.||It is six twenty.|
|to express dates||Hoy es el seis de mayo.||Today is May 6th.|
|to express aritmetic problems||Dos más dos son cuatro.||Two plus two is four.|
4.9/5 from 7 reviews
Hi, I'm Adriaan. I have been teaching Dutch and Spanish for seven years to students of all levels, from absolute beginners to... students who only need conversation. My students are of all ages, from 9 to 76 years old and from all continents. With each student I create a Google doc in which I put all the grammatical information, exercises and homework after each class. I can help you if you want to learn the language for fun, for work, or to prepare for an exam. Languages are my passion! See you soon! Read more
I am Marcus Hartmann, 30 years old and I have been living in Cali, Colombia, for more than four years. There I work as a German teacher for... Spanish-speaking people, young and old. I love the German language and develop many modern methodologies to make the German more playful and easier to learn. I also run a blog and a Facebook page, where I present many tips and tricks that make learning German easier. I teach German for all levels and Spanish for beginners. Read more
I'm a venezuelan living in France since 2013 where I teach Spanish at university level and prepare my PhD. I love languages and... communication, I am also interested in knowing different cultures and their history. In my classes I help my students to feel comfortable when they speak Spanish, I also explain grammar and answer all questions about any subject related to Spanish language. For over five years I've been teaching Spanish in France and online full time. Read more