• Spanish grammar
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  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/6]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronouns in Spanish practice quiz (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Fill in the blanks (Score -/-)
  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Sentence structure and word order in Spanish [0/4]
  • 9 Spanish prepositions [0/2]
  • 10 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/27]
  • 10.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 10.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/18]
  • 10.2.1 Pretérito perfecto simple (indefinido) in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.2 Pretérito perfecto compuesto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.3 Difference between Pretérito Perfecto and Indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.4 Pretérito Imperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.5 Difference between imperfecto and indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.6 Pretérito pluscuamperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 11 Difference between "ser" and "estar" in Spanish [0/3]
  • 12 Spanish verbs [0/7]
  • 13 Gerund in Spanish (el gerundio) [0/3]
  • 14 Imperative in Spanish (imperativo) [0/6]
  • 15 Passive in Spanish (voz pasiva) [0/3]
  • 16 Negation in Spanish [0/2]
  • Formation of adverbs in Spanish (-mente)

    Spanish adverbs appear in a wide variety of forms: 

    1. adverbs with -mente
    2. adverbial expressions
    3. adverbs with no pattern of origination
    4. adjectives as adverbs

    1. Adverbs with -mente

    Most Spanish adverbs are formed by adding the suffix -mente to the feminine form of adjectives.

    This ending corresponds to -ly in English.

    Adjective Feminine form Adverb English
    lento lenta lentamente slowly
    tranquilo tranquila tranquilamente calmly

    enlightenedWhen adjectives end in -e or a consonant, the suffix -mente is added in the singular form. 

    Adjective Adverb English
    triste tristemente sadly
    fácil* facilmente easily

    *  If an adjective has an accent mark, the corresponding adverb retains the accent mark.

    enlightenedWhen two adverbs modify the same verb, only the second one uses the -mente ending.

      Example:

    Juan le habló clara y seriamente. (Juan talked to him/her clearly and seriously.)

    2. Adverbial expressions

    In everyday language, -mente adverbs would be likely replaced by the following adverbial expressions: 

    • preposition + adjective 
    • preposition + noun
    Adverbial expression English translation
    a menudo frequently, often
    a veces sometimes
    al final  in the end
    al mismo tiempo at the same time
    con alegría happily
    con facilidad easily
    con frecuencia frequently
    con rapidez quickly
    con tristeza sadly
    de día in the daytime
    de noche  at night
    de nuevo again
    de repente suddenly
    de verdad really
    por fin finally
    por suerte fortunately
    por supuesto of course
    por último finally
    sin duda without a doubt
    sin razón without (a) reason

    Other adverbial expressions

    Other adverbial expressions are formed with verb forms and other adverbs.

    Adverbial expression English translation
    aquí abajo down here
    al atardecer at dusk
    al frente de  in front of
    al parecer apparently
    al salir el sol at sunrise
    allí arriba up there
    cerca de  near (to)
    de ahora en adelante from now on
    de veras really, truly
    de vez en cuando once in a while
    desde aquí from here
    desde entonces since then
    hasta aquí up to here
    por lo visto apparently, evidently

    3. Adverbs with no pattern of origination 

    Some adverbs do not follow any pattern of origination, and need to be memorized.

    Adverb English translation
    aquí here
    bastante quite
    despacio slowly
    mucho many
    muy very
    nunca never
    siempre always

    4. Adjectives as adverbs

    Some adjectives serve as adverbs as well. 

    When used as adverbs, these forms do not change in gender and number.

    Adjective as adverb English translation
    alto loudly
    bajo quietly, softly
    claro clearly
    directo directly
    duro hard, intensely
    fatal bad(ly), terribly
    fuerte loudly, strongly
    mal bad(ly)
    rápido quickly

    Exercises

    Formation of adverbs with -MENTE practice quiz

    Formation of adverbs in Spanish - Quiz

    Formation of Spanish adverbs - Fill in the blanks