- Skype teachers
- Free trial lesson
- Flexible appointments
Ordinal numbers (números ordinales) tell the position of something in a list.
They are used both as adjectives and pronouns. If they are placed before a noun, they serve as adjectives.
Es la quinta vez que llamo a Sandra. (This is the fifth time I am calling Sandra.)
The ordinal numbers from 11th on are seldom used. For larger numbers, it is common to use the cardinal number.
Nacimos en el siglo veinte VS We were born in the twentieth century
The ordinal numbers from first (primero) to tenth (décimo) have unique forms and are used to form most of the other ordinal numbers.
To form ordinal numbers between 20 and 99, use the following formula:
base number (divisible by 10) + ordinal number between primero (first) and noveno (ninth)
Fifty-fifth: quincuagésimo (base number) + quinto (ordinal number)
To form ordinal numbers between 101 and 999, write out each successive ordinal number as a separate word.
Three hundred forty-second: tricentésimo + cuadragésimo + segundo
|Number||Ordinal Number||English translation|
|Number||Ordinal number||English translation|
|101||centésimo primero||one hundredth first|
Unlike cardinal numbers, ordinal numbers match the noun they precede in both gender and number.
When primero and tercero occur before a masculine noun, they drop the -o.
Ordinal numbers generally occur before the nouns they modify.
However, the ordinal number comes after the noun in following cases:
If cardinal and ordinal numbers appear together, the cardinal number is placed before the ordinal number.
Me encantan los dos primeros capítulos de esta novela. (I like the first two chapters of this novel.)
Ordinal numbers can also be written using a superscripted o (masculine) or a (feminine).
|Masculine||Primero capítulo||1° capítulo||1st chapter|
|Feminine||Décima página||10a página||10th page|
4.5/5 from 7 reviews
Hello everyone, my name is Verónica Palacios, I am a Spanish teacher with a master's degree in modern languages and speech studies; I... have worked as a language teacher in face-to-face and online classes for 13 years. Teaching languages is an activity that I love, I enjoy teaching my mother tongue, I help my students with questions in grammar, reading, writing, speaking, listening to Spanish, in my tutorials I put a lot of emphasis on culture and different learning contexts . Spanish is a very important language at present; If you have knowledge in Spanish, you will have the opportunity to do business, study or visit abroad, in addition to knowing the culture of Spanish-speaking countries. I would like to be your Spanish tutor and work together as a team. I hope you have a beautiful day. See you. Read more
Hi everyone!My name is Daniela and I am a qualified Italian language teacher! I teach Italian and English at school, and Spanish and French... as a freelancer. I love foreign languages, translating, reading and listening to music. Are you ready to start your language learning path with me? We are going to learn many things and to talk a lot! Don’t worry if you’ve never studied the language before: everyone can attend my classes – from beginner to advanced students. You just need passion for what you're going to do and... a good Internet connection. Materials are provided by me!See you online! Read more