• Spanish grammar
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  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/5]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)Free
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  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Spanish prepositions
  • 9 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/21]
  • 9.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 9.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/12]
  • 9.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 10 Spanish verbs [0/5]
  • Spanish ordinal numbers

    Exercises

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    1. Spanish ordinal numbers practice quiz Score -/-
    2. Spanish ordinal numbers 1-100 - Flashcards Score -/-

    Ordinal numbers (números ordinales) tell the position of something in a list. 

    They are used both as adjectives and pronouns. If they are placed before a noun, they serve as adjectives.

    Example: 

    Es la quinta vez que llamo a Sandra. (This is the fifth time I am calling Sandra.)

    enlightenedThe ordinal numbers from 11th on are seldom used. For larger numbers, it is common to use the cardinal number.

      Example:

    Nacimos en el siglo veinte  VS  We were born in the twentieth century 

    How to form ordinal numbers 

    The ordinal numbers from first (primero) to tenth (décimo) have unique forms and are used to form most of the other ordinal numbers. 

    enlightenedTo form ordinal numbers between 20 and 99, use the following formula: 

           base number (divisible by 10) + ordinal number between primero (first) and noveno (ninth)

           Example: 

           Fifty-fifth: quincuagésimo (base number) + quinto (ordinal number)

    enlightenedTo form ordinal numbers between 101 and 999, write out each successive ordinal number as a separate word.

           Example: 

           Three hundred forty-second: tricentésimo + cuadragésimo + segundo

    Spanish ordinal numbers 1-100

    Number Ordinal Number English translation
    1 primero first
    2 segundo second
    3 tercero third
    4 cuarto fourth
    5 quinto fifth
    6 sexto sixth
    7 séptimo seventh
    8 octavo eighth
    9 noveno ninth
    10 décimo tenth
    11

    undécimo

    decimoprimero

    eleventh
    12

    duodécimo

    decimosegundo

    twelfth
    13 decimotercero thirteenth
    14 decimocuarto fourteenth
    15 decimoquinto fifteenth
    16 decimosexto sixteenth
    17 decimoséptimo seventeenth
    18 decimoctavo eighteenth
    19 decimonoveno nineteenth
    20 vigésimo twentieth
    21 vigésimo primero twenty-first
    30 trigésimo thirtieth
    40 cuadragésimo fortieth
    50 quincuagésimo fiftieth
    60 sexagésimo sixtieth
    70 septuagésimo seventieth
    80 octogésimo eightieth
    90 nonagésimo ninetieth
    100 centésimo one hundredth

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    Spanish ordinal numbers above 100

    Number Ordinal number English translation
    101 centésimo primero one hundredth first
    200 ducentésimo two hundredth
    300 tricentésimo three hundredth
    400 cuadrigentésimo four hundredth
    500 quingentésimo five hundredth
    600 sexcentésimo six hundredth
    700 septigéntesimo seven hundredth
    800 octingentésimo eight hundredth
    900 nonigentésimo nine hundredth
    1000 milésimo one thousandth
    2000 dosmilésimo two thousandth
    3000 tresmilésimo three thousandth
    4000 cuatromilésimo four thousandth
    5000 cincomilésimo five thousandth
    6000 seismilésimo six thousandth
    7000 sietemilésimo seven thousandth
    8000 ochomilésimo eight thousandth
    9000 nuevemilésimo nine thousandth
    10,000 diezmilésimo ten thousandth
    1,000,000 millonésimo one millionth

    Gender and number 

    Unlike cardinal numbers, ordinal numbers match the noun they precede in both gender and number.

      Masculine Feminine
    Singular primero primera
    Plural primeros primeras

    Examples:

    • Es el segundo coche que he comprado este año. (This is the second car I have bought this year.)
    • Rafael vive en la segunda planta. (Rafael lives on the second floor.)
    • En los primeros días de febrero, se fueron a Cuba. (On the first days of February, they went to Cuba.)

    enlightenedWhen primero and tercero occur before a masculine noun, they drop the -o.

      Examples: 

    • Ángel fue mi primer amor. (Ángel was my first love.)
    • Los Cuesta viven en el tercer piso. (The Cuestas live on the third floor.)

    Placement

    Ordinal numbers generally occur before the nouns they modify.

    However, the ordinal number comes after the noun in following cases:

    • a member of the royalty
    • a pope
    • a street name

    Example: 

    • Juan Carlos Primero (Juan Carlos the First)
    • Juan Pablo Segundo (Pope John Paul the Second)

    enlightenedIf cardinal and ordinal numbers appear together, the cardinal number is placed before the ordinal number. 

      Example: 

    Me encantan los dos primeros capítulos de esta novela. (I like the first two chapters of this novel.)

    Abbreviation

    Ordinal numbers can also be written using a superscripted o (masculine) or a (feminine).

      Long form Abbreviation English 
    Masculine Primero capítulo 1° capítulo 1st chapter
    Feminine Décima página 10a página 10th page