• Spanish grammar
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  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/6]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronouns in Spanish practice quiz (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Fill in the blanks (Score -/-)
  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Sentence structure and word order in Spanish [0/4]
  • 9 Spanish prepositions [0/2]
  • 10 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/27]
  • 10.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 10.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/18]
  • 10.2.1 Pretérito perfecto simple (indefinido) in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.2 Pretérito perfecto compuesto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.3 Difference between Pretérito Perfecto and Indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.4 Pretérito Imperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.5 Difference between imperfecto and indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.6 Pretérito pluscuamperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 11 Difference between "ser" and "estar" in Spanish [0/3]
  • 12 Spanish verbs [0/7]
  • 13 Gerund in Spanish (el gerundio) [0/3]
  • 14 Imperative in Spanish (imperativo) [0/6]
  • 15 Passive in Spanish (voz pasiva) [0/3]
  • 16 Negation in Spanish [0/2]
  • Spanish adjectives

    Adjectives have different functions depending on the role they play with the noun they modify. 

    There are five different adjective categories: 

    1. descriptive adjectives
    2. demonstrative adjectives
    3. possessive adjectives 
    4. indefinite adjectives
    5. comparative and superlative adjectives

    Placement of Spanish adjectives

    Adjectives are generally placed after the noun they modify. 

    Examples: 

    • Amberes es una ciudad interesante(Antwerp is an interesting city.)
    • Me gustan las tartas saladas. (I like salty cakes.)

    enlightenedDemonstrative, possessive and indefinite adjectives generally occur before the noun they modify. 

    Examples: 

    • Demonstrative: Esta tarta está caliente todavía. (This cake is still hot.)
    • Possessive: Su casa está en la esquina. (His/Her house is in the corner.)
    • Indefinite: Algunos alumnos se han ido a casa ya. (Some students have already gone home.)

    Gender and number of Spanish adjectives 

    All of them must agree in gender (masculine, feminine) and number (singular, plural) with the noun they modify.

    Examples: 

    • La gata de Lucía es blanca negra. (Lucía's cat is black and white.)
    • Tengo dos relojes dorados. (I have two golden watches.)

    1. Descriptive adjectives

    Descriptive adjectives describe the qualities of a noun. 

    Example: 

    El niño está triste. (The child is sad.)

    2. Demonstrative adjectives

    Demonstrative adjectives indicate the location of a noun

    Examples:

    • Cierra esta puerta. (Close this door.)
    • Me gusta ese par de vaqueros. (I like that pair of jeans.)
    • Abre aquella ventana. (Open that window over there.)

    3. Possessive adjectives 

    Possessive adjectives express possession or ownership.

    Examples:

    • Mi gato es naranja. (My cat is ginger.)
    • Un amigo mío nació en Paris. (A friend of mine was born in paris.)

    4. Indefinite adjectives 

    Indefinite adjectives indicate the indefinite idea of quantity and quality of nouns.

    Examples:

    Quiero otra galleta. (I want another biscuit.)

    5. Comparative and superlative adjectives 

    Comparative and superlative adjectives express the quality degree of nouns.

    Examples: 

    • Eres más alto que yo. (You are taller than me.)
    • Lucas es menos inteligente que su hermano. (Lucas is less clever than his brother.)
    • Soy tan baja como tú. (I am as short as you.)
    • Marta es la más guapa de la escuela. (Marta is the most beautiful of the school.)

    Using adjectives as nouns 

    To form nouns with adjectives, you need to add an article (definite or indefinite) before the adjective. 

    Examples: 

    • ¿Cuáles guantes prefieres? Me gustan los blancos. (Which gloves do you prefer? I like the white ones.)
    • Me gusta esta guitarra, pero lo malo es que es muy pesada. (I like this guitar, but the bad thing is that it is too heavy.)

    For a more in-depth explanation, we invite you to have a look at the Spanish adjective subpages.

    Next lessons

    1 Placement of adjectives in Spanish Learn where to place Spanish adjectives!
    2 Gender and number of Spanish adjectives Get familiar with the masculine, feminine and plural forms of Spanish adjectives!
    3 Spanish descriptive adjectives Learn how to distinguish Spanish descriptive adjectives!
    4 Spanish demonstrative adjectives Learn the Spanish demonstrative adjectives!
    5 Spanish possessive adjectives Learn the Spanish possessive adjectives!
    6 Spanish indefinite adjectives (many, any...) Learn the Spanish indefinite adjectives!
    7 Comparative and superlative in Spanish Learn the comparatives and superlatives in Spanish!
    8 Using adjectives as nouns in Spanish Learn how to use adjectives as nouns in Spanish!