• Spanish grammar
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  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/6]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronouns in Spanish practice quiz (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Fill in the blanks (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Sentence structure and word order in Spanish [0/4]
  • 9 Spanish prepositions [0/2]
  • 10 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/27]
  • 10.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 10.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/18]
  • 10.2.1 Pretérito perfecto simple (indefinido) in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.2 Pretérito perfecto compuesto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.3 Difference between Pretérito Perfecto and Indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.4 Pretérito Imperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.5 Difference between imperfecto and indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.6 Pretérito pluscuamperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 11 Difference between "ser" and "estar" in Spanish [0/3]
  • 12 Spanish verbs [0/7]
  • 13 Gerund in Spanish (el gerundio) [0/3]
  • 14 Imperative in Spanish (imperativo) [0/6]
  • 15 Passive in Spanish (voz pasiva) [0/3]
  • 16 Negation in Spanish [0/2]
  • Comparative and superlative in Spanish

    Exercises

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    1. Spanish comparative practice quiz Score -/-
    2. Spanish superlative practice quiz Score -/-
    3. Comparative or superlative? Score -/-

    Comparative and superlative adjectives (adjetivos comparativos and superlativos) express the quality degree of the noun they modify. 

    As usual, these adjectives must agree in gender and number with the noun they modify.

      Quality degree Examples
    Comparative

    1.more than

    2.less than

    3.similar / equal to

    1. Esta falda es más ancha que ésa. (This skirt is larger than that one.)

    2. Esta película es menos entretenida que esa. (This movie is less entertaining than that one.)

    3. Soy tan alta como tú. (I am as tall as you.)

    Superlative superior to Él es el chico más guapo de la escuela. (He is the most handsome boy in the school.)

    Comparatives 

    Comparative forms may serve as: 

    1. majority comparative (more...than)
    2. minority comparative (les...than)
    3. equality comparative (as...as)

    1. Majority comparative (more...than)

    To express comparison of inequality with "more", here is the sentence structure:

    MÁS + adjective + QUE < more + adjective + than

    Example: 

    La comida española es más rica que la comida alemana. (Spanish food is more delicious than German food.)

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    2. Minority comparative (less...than)

    To express comparison of inequality with "less", here is the sentence structure:

    MENOS + adjective + QUE < more + adjective + than

    Example:

    Rafael es menos celoso que su ex novio. (Rafael is less jealous than her ex boyfriend.)

    3. Equality comparative (as...as)

    To express comparison of equality, here is the sentence structure: 

    TAN + adjective + COMO < as + adjective + as 

    Example: 

    Este portátil es tan caro como lo de Lucía. (This laptop is as expensive as the one of Lucía.)

    Superlatives

    Superlatives express the quality of the noun they modify to its maximum degree. 

    Here are some common superlative structures: 

    1.  más + adjective + de / menos + adjective + de = the most / least + adjective + of 
    2. muy + adjective / adjective + -ísimo = very + adjective

    1. The most and the least

    This type of structure expresses the maximum degree in comparison to others. 

    Superlative structure English equivalent Examples
    más + adjective + de the most + adjective + of

    Éste es el día más importante de mi vida. (This is the most important day of my life.)

    menos + adjective + de the least + adjective + of

    María es la menos inteligente de la clase. (María is the least clever of the school.)

    2. Absolute superlative

    This type of structure expresses the absolute superlative, which indicates the maximum adjective degree without comparing it to others. 

    English 1st structure Example 2nd structure Example
    very + adjective muy + adjective Estoy muy triste. (I am very sad.) adjective + ísimo Eres guapísimo. (You are very handsome.)

    In the second case, you need to add the superlative ending according to the gender and number of the noun they modify.

      Masculine Feminine
    Singular -ísimo -ísima
    Plural -ísimos -ísimas

    Examples: 

    • Las mariposas son bellísimas. (Butterflies are very beautiful.)
    • Javier es altísimo. (Javier is very tall.)

    enlightenedSpelling changes may occur when dropping certain adjective endings to add the superlative -ísimo. 

    Ending Spelling change Examples
    -co -qu rico - riquísimo (very rich, delicious)
    -go -gu largo - larguísimo (very large)
    -z -c veloz - velocísimo (very fast)

    Irregular comparatives and superlatives 

      Comparative   Superlative  
    bueno mejor better

    el mejor 

    the best
    malo peor worse

    el peor

    the worse
    grande

    mayor

    más grande

    greater/older

    larger

    el mayor

    el más grande

    the greatest/oldest

    the largest

    pequeño menor lesser/younger

    el menor 

    the least/youngest

    Examples: 

    • Comparative: Tu habitación es mejor que la mía. (Your room is better than mine.)
    • Superlative: Hoy es el mejor día de la semana. (Today is the best day of the week.)

    To create the feminine and plural forms of the abovementioned nouns, have a look at the Gender and number of Spanish adjectives subpage!