• Spanish grammar
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  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/6]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronouns in Spanish practice quiz (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Fill in the blanks (Score -/-)
  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Sentence structure and word order in Spanish [0/4]
  • 9 Spanish prepositions [0/2]
  • 10 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/27]
  • 10.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 10.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/18]
  • 10.2.1 Pretérito perfecto simple (indefinido) in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.2 Pretérito perfecto compuesto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.3 Difference between Pretérito Perfecto and Indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.4 Pretérito Imperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.5 Difference between imperfecto and indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.6 Pretérito pluscuamperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 11 Difference between "ser" and "estar" in Spanish [0/3]
  • 12 Spanish verbs [0/7]
  • 13 Gerund in Spanish (el gerundio) [0/3]
  • 14 Imperative in Spanish (imperativo) [0/6]
  • 15 Passive in Spanish (voz pasiva) [0/3]
  • 16 Negation in Spanish [0/2]
  • Spanish interrogative pronouns

    Interrogative pronouns (pronombres interrogativos) are exclusively used in questions. 

    Like in English, Spanish interrogative pronouns are generally placed at the very beginning or very near the beginning of a sentence. 

    Examples: 

    • ¿Quién es él? (Who is he?)
    • ¿En qué piensas? (What are you thinking about?)

    Interrogative pronoun list 

    Interrogative pronoun English translation Example
    adónde

     

    where

    to where

    ¿Adónde vas? (Where are you going?)

    cómo

    how ¿Cómo estas? (How are you?)

    SING: cuál 

    PL: cuáles

    which one

    which ones

    - ¿Cuál prefieres? (Which one do you prefer?)

    - ¿Cuáles quieres? (Which ones do you want?)

    cuándo when?

    - ¿Cuándo vas al gimnasio? (When do you go to the gym?)

    - ¿Hasta cuándo te quedas en Valencia? (Until when are you staying in Valencia?)

    SING: cuánto/cuántos

    PL: cuánta/cuántas

    how much?

    how many?

    - ¿Cuánto hay? (How much is there?)

    - ¿Cuántos? (How many?)

    dónde where? - ¿Dónde vives? (Where do you live?)
    qué what?

    - ¿Qué haces? (What are you doing?)

    - ¿De qué estáis hablando? (What are you talking about?)

    SING: quién 

    PL: quiénes

    who?

    whom?

    - ¿Quién es ese chico? (Who is that guy?)

    - ¿Quiénes son Ustedes? (Who are you?)

    Difference between qué and cuál 

    Generally, "¿qué?"  is closer to "what", and "¿cuál?" is closer to "which".

    However, this rule is not always true.

    Examples: 

    • QUÉ: ¿Qué te apetece cenar esta noche? (What do you want for dinner tonight?)
    • CUÁL: ¿Cuál es la playa más grande de Valencia? (Which is the biggest beach in Valencia?) 

    enlightenedCuáles is the plural form of cuál. 

    Example: 

    ¿Cuáles son tus libros favoritos? (What are your favourite books?) 

    Structure

    "¿Qué?"  is followed by a noun or a verb.

    Example: 

    • VERB: ¿Qué quieres hacer? (What do you want to do?)
    • NOUN: ¿Qué móvil te has comprado? (Which mobile phone have you bought?)

    "¿Cuál? is followed by a verb or the preposition "de".

    • VERB: ¿Cuál prefieres? (Which one do you prefer?)
    • DE: ¿Cuál de estos verbos es irregular? (Which one of these verbs is irregular?)

    Uses

      QUÉ CUÁL
    When talking about something asking for the meaning of something asking for the name of something
    Example ¿Qué son las Fallas? (What Fallas are?) ¿Cuáles son las fiestas típicas españolas? (Which are the typical Spanish festivals?)
    When picking an element from a group picking an element from a diverse group picking an element from a homogeneous group
    Example ¿Qué le compramos, un reloj o un portátil? (What do we buy him? A watch or a laptop?) De todos estos dulces, ¿cuál prefieres? (Among all these sweets, which one do you prefer?)

    The accent mark on interrogative pronouns 

    Interrogative pronouns always carry the accent mark.

    Many of the interrogative pronouns can also be used in indirect questions while retaining the accent mark.

    Examples: 

    • DIRECT QUESTION: ¿De dónde eres? (Where are you from?)
    • INDIRECT QUESTION: Estoy preocupada. No sé dónde está. (I am worried. I do not know where he is.)

    Exercises

    Spanish interrogative pronouns practice quiz

    Spanish interrogative pronouns - Fill in the blanks

    Exercise on "¿Cuál?" VS "¿qué?"