• Spanish grammar
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  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/5]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronouns in Spanish practice quiz (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Fill in the blanks (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Spanish prepositions
  • 9 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/21]
  • 9.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 9.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/12]
  • 9.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 10 Spanish verbs [0/5]
  • Spanish accent marks

    Exercises

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    1. Spanish written accent practice quiz Score -/-

    Spanish accent marks (tilde) are written over the vowel of the stressed syllable.

    Vowel Example
    Á/á Málaga (Malaga)
    É/é México (Mexico)
    Í/í  Íntegro (upright)
    Ó/ó Colchón (mattress)
    Ú/ú Músico (musician)

    General accent rules

     There are 4 rules which will help you to know where to put the accent mark in a word:

    1. Words ending in -vowel, -n or -s
    2. Spanish diphthongs, triphthongs, hiatus
    3. Spanish homonyms
    4. Spanish interrogative words
    5. Spanish demonstrative pronouns

    Remember to study the different word types to get a more in-depth knowledge of the Spanish stress rules. 

    1. Words ending in -vowel, -n or -s

    Spanish words need the accent mark depending on the word's last letter and on the stressed vowel.

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    Accent on the last syllable

    If a word ends in -vowel, -n or -s and the accent falls on the last syllable, you have to write the accent mark.

    Ending Examples
    vowel Jabalí (ja-ba-li) - wild boar
    -n Jabón (ja-bon) - soap
    -s Inglés (in-gles) - English
    -other letter abril (a-bril)- april

    Accent on the penultimate syllable

    If a word doesn't end in -vowel, -n or -s and the accent falls on the penultimate syllable, you have to write the accent mark.

                Ending                 Examples
    vowel casa (ca-sa)- house
    -n comen (co-men)- they eat
    -s martes (mar-tes)- tuesday
    -other letter

    árbol (ár-bol)- tree

    lápiz (-piz)- matita

     

    Accent on the third to last syllable

    If the accent falls on the third to last syllable, you must always write the accent mark, no matter of the ending.

    Examples

    • cómodo (modo)- comfortable
    • estómago (e-stó-ma-go)-stomach

    2. Spanish diphthongs, triphthongs, hiatus

    Diphthongs, triphthongs and hiatus are different kinds of adjacent vowels' combinations.

    Accent on diphthongs

    The sequence of two vowels in one syllable can create a diphthong. In the Spanish language, diphtongs are made by the following combinations of strong (a,e, o) and weak (i,u) vowels:

    • strong stressed vowel +  weak unstressed vowel
    • weak unstressed vowel  + strong stressed vowel
    • two weak vowels

    With diphtongs, accentuation rules do not change but, in the case of a two weak vowels diphthong, the mark must always falls on the 'i'.

    Examples

    • avn- plane
    • bueno- good
    • cdate- take care of you

    Accent on thriphthongs

    The thriphthongs is a sequence of three vowels. In the Spanish language, it is made by a combination of unstressed weak vowel + stressed strong vowel + unstressed weak vowel.

    On Spanish thriphthongs, the accent mark always falls on the strong vowel.

    Examples

    • limpiáis- you clean (2°plural, present indicative)
    • iniciéis- you start (2°plural, present subjunctive)

    Accent on hiatus

    We have a hiatus when two adjacent vowels do not originate a unique syllable. Spanish hiatus is created by:

    1. two identical vowels
    2. two strong vowels
    3. weak stressed syllable + strong unstressed syllable
    4. strong unstressed syllable + weak stressed syllable

    For case 1 and 2, you have to follow the general accentuation rules, while for case 3 and 4 remember to always write the accent mark on the weak vowel.

    Examples

    • león- (le-ón)- lion
    • caído- (ca-í-do)-fallen: according to general rules, we should not have the mark because the word ends in -vowel, but we have it because the stressed syllable is within a hiatus.

    3. Spanish homonyms

    The use of accents can change the meaning of words.

    Examples

    • solo (adjective: alone) VS sólo (adverb: only)
    • el (masculine article: the) VS él (subject pronoun: he)
    • mas (conjuction: but) VS más (adverb: more)

    4. Spanish interrogative words

    Interrogative words always have an accent mark: 

    • ¿Quién? (Who?)
    • ¿Qué? (What? / Which?)
    • ¿Dónde? (Where?)
    • ¿Cuándo? (When?)
    • ¿Por qué? (Why?)
    • ¿Cómo? (How?)
    • ¿Cuál? (Which?)
    • ¿Cuánto? (How much/many?)

    Examples:

    • ¿Dónde vives? (Where do you live?)
    • No sé qué hacer. (I don't know what to do.)

    enlightened There is no accent mark when these words are used as a pronoun.

            Examples: 

    • La chica que acaba de irse es su novia. (The girl who has just left is his girlfriend.)
    • La ciudad donde vive Pablo es muy bonita. (The city where Pablo lives is very beautiful.)

    5. Spanish demonstrative pronouns 

    The use of accents on demonstrative pronouns (this one, that one) differentiate them from the demonstrative adjectives (this –, that –).

    Example

    No quiero comprar este libro, prefiero ése. (I don't want to buy this book. I prefer that one)

    enlightenedHowever, the neuter pronouns do not carry the accent marks: esto, eso, aquello.

          Example:      

          Estoy cansada. Por eso me voy a la cama. (I am tired. So, I’m going to bed.)