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Prepositional pronouns (pronombres preposicionales) always follow prepositions, such as de (of), para (to, for) or con (with).
|Singular prepositional pronoun||English translation||Example|
|mí*||me||Para mí te está mintiendo. (In my opinion, he is lying to you.)|
|ti||you||A ti no te cae bien Carmen. (You do not like Carmen.)|
|usted||form. you||Según usted, tendríamos que modificar nuestro plan financiero. (According to you, we should change our financial plan.)|
|él||him, masc. it||Dejó su país por él. (She left her country because of him.)|
|ella||her, fem. it||Salvo ella, salimos todos esta noche. (Except for her, we are all going out tonight.)|
|sí*||yourself, himself, herself, itself||Trajo su maleta consigo. (He brought his suitcase with him.)|
* Mí and sí carry the accent mark.
The pronoun sí is used instead of él, ella, ellos or ellas when the subject and object are the same person.
No puede hacer frente por sí solo a las necesidades de la población. (He cannot cope with people's necessities by himself.)
Unlike singular form, plural prepositional pronouns have a masculine and a feminine form.
|Masculine form||Feminine||English translation|
|Plural prepositional pronouns||vosotros||vosotras||you|
|Spanish preposition||English preposition||Example|
|a||to||Le toca a ella. (It is her turn.)|
before, in the presence of
|Estaba ante mí. (He was in front of me.)|
|de||of, from||Paco recibió una carta de ella. (Paco received a letter from her.)|
|con||with||¿Quieres venir a la playa con nosotras? (Do you want to go to the beach with us?)|
|entre||between||Hay un acuerdo oficial entre vosotros. (There is a formal agreement between you.)|
|excepto||except||Nadie los tomará en serio, excepto ellos mismos. (Nadie will take them seriously, except for themselves.)|
|hacía||towards||Una furgoneta venía a toda velocidad hacía mí. (A van was coming towards me at full speed.)|
|incluso||including, even||Todo el mundo me ha engañado, incluso tú. (Everybody has tricked me, even you.)|
|menos||except||Se fueron todos, menos ella. (They all went away except her.)|
|para||for||Este ramo de rosas es para ti. (This bouquet of roses is for you.)|
|por||for||Nuria dejó España por él. (Nuria left Spain for him.)|
|salvo||except||Salvo nosotros, toda la clase sacó una mala nota. (Except for us, the whole class got a bad mark.)|
|según||according to||Según ella, la mujer de Rafael se ha quedado embarazada. (According to her, Rafael's wife has got pregnant.)|
|sin||without||No puedes irte sin mí. (You cannot go away without me.)|
Prepositional pronouns replace the noun that comes immediately after the preposition.
Anyway, the following prepositions have some exceptions in their use:
When used with a, prepositional pronouns have the following uses:
emphasizing the direct object
A mí no me importa que se haya ido de España. (I do not care if he left Spain.)
making clear who the direct object or indirect object is
- Lo dijo a ella. (He said it to her.)
- Le gusta a él. (He likes her.)
When used with con, the pronouns mí, ti and sí appear in the following forms:
|Con + prepositional pronoun||English translation|
The preposition de (which indicates possession) cannot be used with mí and ti.
This type of construction is replaced by the correspondant possessive adjectives (mi, tu).
The subject pronouns yo and tú are used instead of mí and ti with the following prepositions:
|entre||between||Entre tú y yo, no me gusta el nuevo jefe. (Between you and me, I do not like the new boss.)|
|excepto||except||Toda la clase asistió al evento, excepto tú. (The whole class attended the event, except you.)|
|incluso||including||Se fueron todos, incluso yo. (Everybody went away, even I.)|
|menos||except||Todos trabajan en Gante menos yo. (Everybody works in Ghent, except I.)|
|salvo||except||Salvo tú, todos los chicos del barrio asisten a la misma universidad. (Except you, all the blokes in the district attend the same university.)|
|según||according to||Según yo, Fernando está enamorado de Ana María. (According to me, Fernando is in love with Ana María.)|
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