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Spanish prepositional pronouns

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Prepositional pronouns (pronombres preposicionales) always follow prepositions, such as de (of), para (to, for) or con (with). 

Example: 

  • Hice todo esto para ti. (I did it all for you.)
  • Hace tiempo que no sé nada de él. (I has been a long since I heard from him.)
  • ¡Vente conmigo! (Come with me!)

Prepositional pronoun singular forms

Singular prepositional pronounEnglish translationExample
*mePara mí te está mintiendo. (In my opinion, he is lying to you.)
tiyou A ti no te cae bien Carmen. (You do not like Carmen.)
ustedform. youSegún usted, tendríamos que modificar nuestro plan financiero. (According to you, we should change our financial plan.)
élhim, masc. itDejó su país por él. (She left her country because of him.)
ellaher, fem. itSalvo ella, salimos todos esta noche. (Except for her, we are all going out tonight.)
*yourself, himself, herself, itselfTrajo su maleta consigo. (He brought his suitcase with him.)

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* and carry the accent mark.

enlightenedThe pronoun is used instead of él, ella, ellos or ellas when the subject and object are the same person.

  Example:

No puede hacer frente por sí solo a las necesidades de la población. (He cannot cope with people's necessities by himself.)

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Prepositional pronoun plural forms

Unlike singular form, plural prepositional pronouns have a masculine and a feminine form.

 Masculine formFeminineEnglish translation
 nosotrosnosotrasus
Plural prepositional pronounsvosotrosvosotrasyou
 ustedesustedesform. you
 ellosellasthem

Examples: 

  • ¡Vente a trabajar con nosotros(Come work with us!)
  • A vosotros no os gusta viajar. (You do not like travelling.)
  • Este libro es para ustedes. (This book is for you.)
  • Me iré a Valencia sin ellos(I will go to Valencia without them.)

List of prepositions used with pronouns 

Spanish prepositionEnglish prepositionExample
atoLe toca a ella. (It is her turn.)
ante

before, in the presence of

Estaba ante mí. (He was in front of me.)
deof, fromPaco recibió  una carta de ella. (Paco received a letter from her.)
conwith¿Quieres venir a la playa con nosotras? (Do you want to go to the beach with us?)
entre betweenHay un acuerdo oficial entre vosotros. (There is a formal agreement between you.)
exceptoexceptNadie los tomará en serio, excepto ellos mismos. (Nadie will take them seriously, except for themselves.)
hacíatowardsUna furgoneta venía a toda velocidad hacía mí. (A van was coming towards me at full speed.)
inclusoincluding, evenTodo el mundo me ha engañado, incluso tú. (Everybody has tricked me, even you.)
menosexceptSe fueron todos, menos ella. (They all went away except her.)
paraforEste ramo de rosas es para ti. (This bouquet of roses is for you.)
por forNuria dejó España por él. (Nuria left Spain for him.) 
salvo exceptSalvo nosotros, toda la clase sacó una mala nota. (Except for us, the whole class got a bad mark.)
segúnaccording toSegún ella, la mujer de Rafael se ha quedado embarazada. (According to her, Rafael's wife has got pregnant.)
sinwithout No puedes irte sin mí. (You cannot go away without me.)

Uses and exceptions 

Prepositional pronouns replace the noun that comes immediately after the preposition

Example: 

  • Mauricio recibió una carta de Lara. (Mauricio received a letter from Lara.)
  • Mauricio recibió una carta de ella. (Mauricio received a letter from her.)

Anyway, the following prepositions have some exceptions in their use: 

  1. a
  2. con 
  3. de
  4. entre/excepto/incluso/menos/salvo/según

1. A + pronoun 

When used with a, prepositional pronouns have the following uses: 

  • emphasizing the direct object

      Example: 

A mí no me importa que se haya ido de España. (I do not care if he left Spain.)

  • making clear who the direct object or indirect object is

      Example: 

- Lo dijo a ella. (He said it to her.)

- Le gusta a él. (He likes her.)

2. Con + pronoun

When used with con, the pronouns , ti and appear in the following forms: 

 Con + prepositional pronounEnglish translation
conmigowith me
ticontigowith you
consigo

with you(form.)

with him(self)

with her(self)

with them(selves)

Examples:

  • Si quieres venirte conmigo, date prisa que ya me voy. (If you want to come with me, hurry up because I am leaving.)
  • Si quisieras, puedo ir contigo. (I can go with you, if you would like.)
  • Trajeron sus pertenencias consigo. (They brought their belongings with themselves.)

3. De + pronoun

The preposition de (which indicates possession) cannot be used with mí and ti

This type of construction is replaced by the correspondant possessive adjectives (mi, tu). 

Example: 

  • YES: Mi madre se llama Lorenza. (My mother's name is Lorenza.)
  • NO: La madre de mí se llama Lorenza. (The mother of me is called Lorenza.)

4. Entre... + pronoun

The subject pronouns yo and are used instead of mí and ti with the following prepositions: 

PrepositionEnglish translationExample
entrebetweenEntre tú y yo, no me gusta el nuevo jefe. (Between you and me, I do not like the new boss.)
exceptoexceptToda la clase asistió al evento, excepto tú. (The whole class attended the event, except you.)
inclusoincludingSe fueron todos, incluso yo. (Everybody went away, even I.)
menosexceptTodos trabajan en Gante menos yo. (Everybody works in Ghent, except I.)
salvoexceptSalvo tú, todos los chicos del barrio asisten a la misma universidad. (Except you, all the blokes in the district attend the same university.)
segúnaccording toSegún yo, Fernando está enamorado de Ana María. (According to me, Fernando is in love with Ana María.)

Exercises

  1. Spanish prepositional pronoun practice quiz
  2. Spanish prepositional pronoun exceptions - Quiz

Spanish prepositional pronoun practice quiz


Spanish prepositional pronoun exceptions - Quiz


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