• Spanish grammar
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  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/6]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronouns in Spanish practice quiz (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Fill in the blanks (Score -/-)
  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Sentence structure and word order in Spanish [0/4]
  • 9 Spanish prepositions [0/2]
  • 10 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/27]
  • 10.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 10.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/18]
  • 10.2.1 Pretérito perfecto simple (indefinido) in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.2 Pretérito perfecto compuesto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.3 Difference between Pretérito Perfecto and Indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.4 Pretérito Imperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.5 Difference between imperfecto and indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.6 Pretérito pluscuamperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 11 Difference between "ser" and "estar" in Spanish [0/3]
  • 12 Spanish verbs [0/7]
  • 13 Gerund in Spanish (el gerundio) [0/3]
  • 14 Imperative in Spanish (imperativo) [0/6]
  • 15 Passive in Spanish (voz pasiva) [0/3]
  • 16 Negation in Spanish [0/2]
  • Subject pronouns in Spanish

    Subject pronouns (pronombres personales de sujeto) identify who or what is perfoming the action indicated by the verb. 

    Since the verb ending already tells who the subject is, subject pronouns in Spanish are generally omitted. 

    Examples: 

    • (Yo) tengo un perro. (I have a dog.)
    • (Nosotros) trabajamos en Colanguage. (We work for Colanguage.)

    Subject pronoun singular forms

    Singular subject pronoun English translation Example
    Yo I Yo tengo 26 años. (I am 26 years old.)
    You eres muy simpático. (You are very nice.)
    Él  He Él trabaja en una empresa de transportes. (He works for a transportation company.)
    Ella She Ella es mi prima. (She is my cousin.)
    Usted You (formal) Usted es la culpable, Doña Paloma. (You are guilty, Mrs Paloma.)

    enlightenedTú carries the accent mark to distinguish itself from the possessive adjective tu

      Example

    ¿sales esta noche? (Are you going out tonight?)  VS  Tu novio es muy simpático. (Your boyfriend is very nice.)

    enlightenedÉl carries the accent mark to distinguish itself from the definite article el.

     Example:

    Él tiene 24 años. (He is 24 years old.)  VS  El perro de Juan se llama Valentín. (The dog of Juan is called Valentín.)

    Subject pronoun plural forms

    Unlike the singular forms, plural subject pronouns have a masculine and a feminine form. 

      Masculine Feminine English translation 
      Nosotros Nosotras We
    Plural subject pronouns Vosotros Vosotras You 
      Ellos Ellas They
      Ustedes Ustedes You (formal)

    Examples: 

    • Nosotros somos de Valencia. (We are from Valencia.)
    • Vosotras vivís en Bruselas. (You live in Brussels.)
    • Ellos hablan muy bien el español. (They speak Spanish very well.)
    • Ustedes deben estar equivocados. (You must be mistaken.)

    Uses of the subject pronouns

    Since the verb ending already tells who the subject is, subject pronouns in Spanish are generally omitted

    Anyway, subject pronouns are used in the following cases: 

    Use Example
    emphasizing the subject Él es lo que es inteligente. (He is the intelligent one.)
    answering a question referring to the subject Quién quiere un trozo de tarta? Yo. (Who wants a piece of cake? I do.)
    making comparisons Fernando es más guapo que yo. (Fernando is more handsome than I.)

    before:

    como a / hasta / mismo / también / tampoco

    - Yo mismo no me lo creo. (I myself cannot believe it.)

    - Ella tampoco quiere irse a Amberes hoy. (She does not want to go to Antwerp today as well.)

    when using Usted or Ustedes Es Usted muy bienvenido. (You are very welcome.)

    enlightenedSpanish has no equivalent way to express the English subject pronoun it in impersonal expressions

       Examples: 

    • ¡Es importante! (It is important!)
    • Hace viento y llueve a cántaros. (It is windy and it is pouring down.)

    4 ways to say you in Spanish (tú, vosotros, Usted, Ustedes)

      Formal you Informal you
    Singular Usted
    Plural vosotros/vosotras Ustedes

    1. Tú

    The singular form of you in Spanish is

    It is the familiar way to address a friend, a member of your family and anyone you would treat with familiarity. 

    Example: 

    eres lo más importante para mi. (You are the most important thing to me.) 

    2. Vosotros

    The plural form of you in Spanish is vosotros

    It is only adopted in Spain and it has the same uses as tú. 

    Example

    Vosotros habláis muy mal el inglés. (You speak English very badly.)

    3. Usted 

    Usted is the singular form used to show respect throughout the Hispanic world. 

    It is often shortened to Ud. and it needs the capital letter. 

    Example:

    Quizá Usted pueda ayudarme. (Perhaps you could help me.)

    4. Ustedes

    Ustedes is the plural form used to show respect throughout the Hispanic world. 

    It is often shortened to Uds. and it needs the capital letter. 

    Example: 

    Ustedes pueden decirme qué pasa? (Could you please tell me what is going on?)

    enlightenedMost Spanish speakers from Latin America use Ustedes to express vosotros, so they use it in a familiar way. 

      Example: 

      Ustedes cómo se llaman? (What is your name?)

    Usted and ustedes

    In many areas of the Spanish-speaking world, it is more common to address a listener informally. 

    Anyway, they are still used for the following purposes: 

    • show respect because of the title, rank or age. 

           Example: 

           Sra. Romero, qué tal está Usted(Miss Romero, how are you?)

    • addressing someone you have just met 

           Example: 

           Puede Usted decirme su nombre? (Could you please tell me your name?)

     

    Exercises

    Spanish subject pronoun practice quiz

    Spanish subject pronouns - Fill in the blanks