• Spanish grammar
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  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/6]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronouns in Spanish practice quiz (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Fill in the blanks (Score -/-)
  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Sentence structure and word order in Spanish [0/4]
  • 9 Spanish prepositions [0/2]
  • 10 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/27]
  • 10.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 10.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/18]
  • 10.2.1 Pretérito perfecto simple (indefinido) in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.2 Pretérito perfecto compuesto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.3 Difference between Pretérito Perfecto and Indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.4 Pretérito Imperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.5 Difference between imperfecto and indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.6 Pretérito pluscuamperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 11 Difference between "ser" and "estar" in Spanish [0/3]
  • 12 Spanish verbs [0/7]
  • 13 Gerund in Spanish (el gerundio) [0/3]
  • 14 Imperative in Spanish (imperativo) [0/6]
  • 15 Passive in Spanish (voz pasiva) [0/3]
  • 16 Negation in Spanish [0/2]
  • Spanish demonstrative pronouns

    Spanish demonstrative pronouns (pronombres demonstrativos) are used to indicate a specific object (noun).

    Unlike demonstrative adjectives, they replace, rather than describe, a noun

      Masculine Feminine English translation
    Singular

    éste

    ése

    aquél

    ésta

    ésa

    aquélla

    this one 

    that one 

    that one over there

    Plural

    éstos

    éstas

    aquéllas

    éstas

    ésas

    aquéllas

    these (ones)

    those (ones)

    those (onese over there)

    Example: 

    • ¿Cuál prefieres? (Which one do you prefer?)
    • Prefiero ésta(I prefer this one.)

    Structure

    Each demonstrative pronoun has four forms that must agree in gender and number with the noun they replace.

    They have the same form as the demonstrative adjectives.

    Examples:

    • El pastel que hizo mi madre era más rico que éste. (The cake my mother made was more delicious than this one.)
    • Compra este par zapatos. Es más baratos que ése. (Buy this pair of shoes. It is cheaper than that one.)
    • Subimos por esas escaleras. Aquéllas son peligrosas. (Climb up that ladder. That one over there is dangerous.)

    enlightenedTo distinguish them from the demonstrative adjectives, the pronouns may have the accent mark. However, the RAE has ruled that the "tilde" is no longer necessary

      Example: 

    Mi portátil es más rápido que éste.  OR  Mi portátil es más rápido que este. (My laptop is faster than this one.)

    Demonstrative pronoun forms 

    Spanish has three types of demonstrative pronoun

    1. éste
    2. ése
    3. aquél

    1. Éste - this one 

    Éste replaces a noun which is close to the speaker. 

      Masculine Feminine English translation
    Singular éste  ésta this one
    Plural éstos éstas these ones

    Examples: 

    • El vestido azul te sienta mejor que éste. (The blue dress fits you better that this one.)
    • Compro ésta. (I'll buy this one.)
    • Los zapatos rojos no me gustan. Voy a probar éstos. (I do not like the red shoes. I will try on these ones.)
    • Olvídate de éstas. (Forget these ones.)

    2. Ése - that one 

    Ése replaces a noun which is not very close to the speaker. 

      Masculine Feminine English translation
    Singular ése ésa that one
    Plural ésos ésas those ones

    Examples: 

    • Toma este caramelo y deja ése a este niño. (Take this candy and leave that one to this little boy.)
    • Esta bufanda es de seda y ésa es de lana. (This scarf is made of silk and that one is made of wool.)
    • ¿Te gustan estos vaqueros? No, prefiero ésos. (Do you like my jeans? No, I prefer those ones.)
    • ¿Me pongo estas medias o ésas? (Should I wear these tights or those ones?)

    3. Aquél - this one over there 

    Aquél replaces a noun far from both the speaker and the listener. 

      Masculine Feminine English translation
    Singular aquél aquélla that one over there
    Plural aquéllos aquéllas those one over there 

    Examples: 

    • Aquél es el primo de Juan. (That one over there is Juan's cousin.)
    • Me encantan tus tartas pero aquélla es más rica. (I love your cakes but that one over there is there)
    • Aquéllos son nuestros padres. (Those ones over there are our parents.)
    • Esas botas son más caras que aquéllas. (These boots are more expensive than those ones over there.)

    The neuter forms of the demonstrative pronouns 

    Neuter form English translation Example
    esto* this ¡Esto es una barbaridad! (This is horrible!)
    eso* that  Quitamos el polvo de los muebles y pasamos el mocho. Eso es lo que hicimos. (We removed the dust from the furniture and mopped. That is what we did.)
    aquello* that Aquello se está animando. (Things are getting lively there.)

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    *Please note that esto, eso and aquello end in -o

    Uses 

    The neuter forms of demonstrative pronouns have the following uses: 

    • they refer to an idea or a sentence previously mentioned

           Example: 

    Es difícil encontrar el trabajo ideal. Eso es verdad. (It is hard to find the ideal job. This is true.)

    • they refer to something non specific or an object or idea not well know

           Example: 

    ¿Qué es eso? (What is that?)

    Common expressions with eso 

    Expression English translation Example
    ¿y eso? why?

    A: Esta noche no pude dormir. (Tonight I could not sleep.)

    B: ¿Y eso? (Why?)

    en eso then Encontré a mi primo en la calle y en eso me recogió mi madre. (I met my cousin in the street and then my mother picked me up.)
    eso es

    that is it

    that's right

    Ayudame cuando caigo, eso es. (Help me when I fall, that is it.)
    por eso that is why Nadie me hacía caso, por eso me fui. (Nobody was listening to me, that is why I went away.)

     

    Exercises

    Spanish demonstrative pronoun practice quiz

    Spanish demonstrative pronouns - Fill in the blanks