Prepositions (preposiciones) are used to indicate a relationship between words or phrases.
They are often used to indicate relationships of location, direction, or time.
- Voy a la biblioteca. (I am going to the library.)
- Ayer fui al cine con Inés. (Yesterday I went to the cinema with Inés.)
Spanish preposition list
|a||to, at||Solemos cenar a las nueve. (We usually have dinner at nine.)|
|ante||before, in the presence of||Siempre he soñado con cantar ante a un gran público.(I have always dreamed of singing in front of a big audience.)|
|bajo||under||El gato se escondió bajo la mesa. (The cat hid under the table.)|
|con||with||Anoche fui a cenar con mi novio. (Yesterday night I went to have dinner with my boyfriend.)|
|contra||against||Los antibióticos actúan contra las bacterias. (Antibiotics act against bacteria.)|
|de||of, from||Mis primos son de Madrid. (My cousins are from Madrid.)|
|desde||from, since||No he comido nada desde esta mañana. (I have not eaten anything since this morning.)|
|durante||during, for||Está prohibido hablar durante el examen. (Talking is forbidden during the exam.)|
|en||in, on, at||Giulia vive en Madrid. (Giulia lives in Madrid.)|
|entre||between, among||Su hija se encuentra entre las victimas del accidente. (His daughter is among the accident victims.)|
|hacía||until, toward||Él miró hacía la ventana. (He looked towards the window.)|
|hasta||until, toward||Me quedé allí hasta las ocho. (I stayed there until eight.)|
|mediante||by, with||El pago se realiza mediante transferencia bancaria. (Payment is made by bank transfer.)|
|para||for, in order to||Me fui al centro para ver a Mateo. (I went to the center in order to meet with Mateo.)|
|por||for, by||Nos hablamos por teléfono. (We talked by phone.)|
|según||according to||Según yo, él se ha ido a Italia por ella. (According to me, he has gone to Italy for her.)|
|sin||without||No te vayas sin mí. (Don't go away without me.)|
|sobre||about, on, upon, above, over, around||Procuraré llegar sobre las seis. (I will try to arrive about six.)|
|trás||after, behind||Trás la cena, nos fuimos al cine. (After the dinner, we went to the cinema.)|
Prepositions are invariable when they only have one form.
- Bailé hasta el amanecer. (I danced till dawn.)
- Iré a Madrid en tren. (I will go to Madrid by train.)
When preceding the article "el", the prepositions "de" and "a" turned into "del" and "al".
- A+EL: Voy a el cinema = Voy al cinema. (I go to the cinema.)
- DE+EL: El monte Everest es la montaña más alta de el mundo = El monte Everest es la montaña más alta del mundo. (The Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.)
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