• Spanish grammar
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  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/6]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)Free
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  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Sentence structure and word order in Spanish [0/4]
  • 9 Spanish prepositions [0/2]
  • 10 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/27]
  • 10.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 10.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/18]
  • 10.2.1 Pretérito perfecto simple (indefinido) in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.2 Pretérito perfecto compuesto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.3 Difference between Pretérito Perfecto and Indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.4 Pretérito Imperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.5 Difference between imperfecto and indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.6 Pretérito pluscuamperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 11 Difference between "ser" and "estar" in Spanish [0/3]
  • 12 Spanish verbs [0/7]
  • 13 Gerund in Spanish (el gerundio) [0/3]
  • 14 Imperative in Spanish (imperativo) [0/6]
  • 15 Passive in Spanish (voz pasiva) [0/3]
  • 16 Negation in Spanish [0/2]
  • Indirect object pronouns (pronombres de objeto indirecto ) tells you to whom or for whom the action is done.

    Example: 

    • Dije a José que lo echaba de menos. (I told José that I missed him.): 
    • Le dije que lo echaba de menos. (I told him that I missed him.)

    Indirect object pronoun forms

    Indirect object pronoun forms are the same of the direct object ones, except for the third person-forms le and les.

    Direct object pronoun Indirect object pronoun English translation
    me me to me
    te te to you 

    lo/la

    le

    to him/her/it/you (form.)
    nos nos to us
    os os to you
    los/las les to them (m./f.)/you (form.)

    Examples: 

    • Le dije que se quedara. (I told him to stay.)
    • El jefe nos pidió puntualidad. (The boss asked us for punctuality.)
    • Mi abuela me regaló un par de medias de seda. (My grandmother gave me a pair of silk tights.)

    Use 

    Like the direct object pronouns, indirect object pronouns refers to something or someone previously mentioned

    Example: 

    Este jersey te queda muy bien. Te lo regalo. (This jumper fits you very well. I will give it to you.)

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    List of verbs used along with indirect object pronouns

    Verb English translation Example
    contar(le) algo (a alguien) to tell something (to someone) Le conté que pasó esa noche. (I told him what happened that night.)
    dar(le) algo (a alguien) give something (to someone) Me dio un beso. (He gave me a kiss.)
    decir(le) algo (a alguien) say something (to someone) Ya te he dicho que fumar no está permitido. (I have already told you that smoking is not allowed.)
    enviar(le) algo (a alguien) send something (to somenone) Ayer el director de los recursos humanos me envió un correo. (Yesterday the human resources manager sent me an email.)
    escribir(le) algo (a alguien) write something (to someone)  Les escribí una postal de Colombia. (I wrote a postcard from Colombia to them.)
    mandar(le) algo (a alguien) send something (to someone) Mi novio me mandó un ramo de rosas. (My boyfriend sent me a bouquet of roses.)
    pedir(le) algo (a alguien) ask something (of someone) Le pedí un favor. (I asked him a favour.)
    regalar(le) algo (a alguien) give a present (to someone) Nuestro padre nos regaló unas rosas. (Our father gave us some roses.)
    servir(le) algo (a alguien) to serve something (to someone) Mi madre nos sirvió la sopa. (Our mother served the soup to us.)
    traer(le) algo (a alguien) to bring something (to someone) El cartero me trajo una carta. (The postman brought me a letter.)

    Placement

    Like direct object pronouns, indirect object pronouns are generally placed before verbs.

    Examples: 

    • Le dijo que le gustaba la musica española. (He told her that he did not like Spanish music.)
    • Me dio el dinero. (He gave me the money.)

    enlightenedHowever, indirect object pronoun placement depends on the conjugated form of the verb.

       Pay attention to the following cases: 

    1. negative and affirmative commands
    2. infinitive
    3. gerund

    1. Placement in commands

    With negative commands, the pronoun precedes the verb which refers to the command. 

    Example: 

    No me pidas eso! (Don't ask me that!)

    With affirmative commands, attach the pronoun to the verb which indicates the command. 

    Example: 

    ¡Mándale* un ramo de flores! (Send her a bouquet of flowers!)

    _____________________________________________________________________________________

    * If the stressed syllable of the verb is the next-to-last one (not counting the pronoun), add the accent mark

    2. Placement with infinitive forms

    When used with infinitive forms, the pronoun occurs after the infinitive and it is attached to it

    Example: 

    Acabo de darle una mala noticia. (I have just given him a bad news.)

    enlightenedOtherwise, it can be placed before the verb which precedes the infinitive form.

      Example: 

    Le acabo de dar una mala noticia. (I have just given him a bad news.)

    3. Placement with gerund forms

    When used with gerund forms, the pronoun occurs after the verb and it is attached to it

    Example: 

    Estoy envíandote el correo. (I am sending the mail to you.)

    enlightenedOtherwise, it can be placed before the verb which precedes the gerund form.

      Example: 

    Te estoy envíando el correo. (I am sending the mail to you.)

    Indirect object pronouns with gustar 

    When used with an indirect object pronoun, the verb gustar (to like) is always used in the third-person (singular or plural).

    Examples: 

    • Nos gusta ir a la playa. (We like going to the beach.)
    • Me gustan los waffles. (I like waffles.)

    Sentence structure

    The indirect object pronoun refers to the person who likes something (subject of the sentence in English).

    Indirect object pronoun Singular subject Plural subject

    me

    te

    le

    nos

    os

    les

    gusta gustan

    Examples: 

    • I like chocolate: Me gusta el chocolate. 
    • We like Spanish cities: Nos gustan las ciudades españolas. 

    enlightenedTo put the stress on who likes something, a prepositional pronoun may be added before the indirect object pronoun

      Examples: 

    • A ella le gustan los pantalones blancos. (She likes white trousers.)
    • A mí me gusta el helado. (I like ice-cream.)