Spanish indirect object pronouns
Indirect object pronouns (pronombres de objeto indirecto ) tells you to whom or for whom the action is done.
- Dije a José que lo echaba de menos. (I told José that I missed him.):
- Le dije que lo echaba de menos. (I told him that I missed him.)
Indirect object pronoun forms
Indirect object pronoun forms are the same of the direct object ones, except for the third person-forms le and les.
|Direct object pronoun||Indirect object pronoun||English translation|
|to him/her/it/you (form.)|
|los/las||les||to them (m./f.)/you (form.)|
- Le dije que se quedara. (I told him to stay.)
- El jefe nos pidió puntualidad. (The boss asked us for punctuality.)
- Mi abuela me regaló un par de medias de seda. (My grandmother gave me a pair of silk tights.)
Like the direct object pronouns, indirect object pronouns refers to something or someone previously mentioned.
Este jersey te queda muy bien. Te lo regalo. (This jumper fits you very well. I will give it to you.)
List of verbs used along with indirect object pronouns
|contar(le) algo (a alguien)||to tell something (to someone)||Le conté que pasó esa noche. (I told him what happened that night.)|
|dar(le) algo (a alguien)||give something (to someone)||Me dio un beso. (He gave me a kiss.)|
|decir(le) algo (a alguien)||say something (to someone)||Ya te he dicho que fumar no está permitido. (I have already told you that smoking is not allowed.)|
|enviar(le) algo (a alguien)||send something (to somenone)||Ayer el director de los recursos humanos me envió un correo. (Yesterday the human resources manager sent me an email.)|
|escribir(le) algo (a alguien)||write something (to someone)||Les escribí una postal de Colombia. (I wrote a postcard from Colombia to them.)|
|mandar(le) algo (a alguien)||send something (to someone)||Mi novio me mandó un ramo de rosas. (My boyfriend sent me a bouquet of roses.)|
|pedir(le) algo (a alguien)||ask something (of someone)||Le pedí un favor. (I asked him a favour.)|
|regalar(le) algo (a alguien)||give a present (to someone)||Nuestro padre nos regaló unas rosas. (Our father gave us some roses.)|
|servir(le) algo (a alguien)||to serve something (to someone)||Mi madre nos sirvió la sopa. (Our mother served the soup to us.)|
|traer(le) algo (a alguien)||to bring something (to someone)||El cartero me trajo una carta. (The postman brought me a letter.)|
Like direct object pronouns, indirect object pronouns are generally placed before verbs.
- Le dijo que le gustaba la musica española. (He told her that he did not like Spanish music.)
- Me dio el dinero. (He gave me the money.)
However, indirect object pronoun placement depends on the conjugated form of the verb.
Pay attention to the following cases:
- negative and affirmative commands
1. Placement in commands
With negative commands, the pronoun precedes the verb which refers to the command.
No me pidas eso! (Don't ask me that!)
With affirmative commands, attach the pronoun to the verb which indicates the command.
¡Mándale* un ramo de flores! (Send her a bouquet of flowers!)
* If the stressed syllable of the verb is the next-to-last one (not counting the pronoun), add the accent mark
2. Placement with infinitive forms
When used with infinitive forms, the pronoun occurs after the infinitive and it is attached to it.
Acabo de darle una mala noticia. (I have just given him a bad news.)
Otherwise, it can be placed before the verb which precedes the infinitive form.
Le acabo de dar una mala noticia. (I have just given him a bad news.)
3. Placement with gerund forms
When used with gerund forms, the pronoun occurs after the verb and it is attached to it.
Estoy envíandote el correo. (I am sending the mail to you.)
Otherwise, it can be placed before the verb which precedes the gerund form.
Te estoy envíando el correo. (I am sending the mail to you.)
Indirect object pronouns with gustar
When used with an indirect object pronoun, the verb gustar (to like) is always used in the third-person (singular or plural).
- Nos gusta ir a la playa. (We like going to the beach.)
- Me gustan los waffles. (I like waffles.)
The indirect object pronoun refers to the person who likes something (subject of the sentence in English).
|Indirect object pronoun||Singular subject||Plural subject|
- I like chocolate: Me gusta el chocolate.
- We like Spanish cities: Nos gustan las ciudades españolas.
To put the stress on who likes something, a prepositional pronoun may be added before the indirect object pronoun.
- A ella le gustan los pantalones blancos. (She likes white trousers.)
- A mí me gusta el helado. (I like ice-cream.)
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