• Spanish grammar
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  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/6]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronouns in Spanish practice quiz (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Fill in the blanks (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Sentence structure and word order in Spanish [0/4]
  • 9 Spanish prepositions [0/2]
  • 10 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/27]
  • 10.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 10.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/18]
  • 10.2.1 Pretérito perfecto simple (indefinido) in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.2 Pretérito perfecto compuesto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.3 Difference between Pretérito Perfecto and Indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.4 Pretérito Imperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.5 Difference between imperfecto and indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.6 Pretérito pluscuamperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 11 Difference between "ser" and "estar" in Spanish [0/3]
  • 12 Spanish verbs [0/7]
  • 13 Gerund in Spanish (el gerundio) [0/3]
  • 14 Imperative in Spanish (imperativo) [0/6]
  • 15 Passive in Spanish (voz pasiva) [0/3]
  • 16 Negation in Spanish [0/2]
  • Gender and number of Spanish adjectives

    Exercises

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    1. Masculine and feminine adjectives practice quiz Score -/-
    2. Masculine or feminine? Singular or plural? Score -/-

    Adjectives must agree in gender (masculine, feminine) and number (singular, plural) with the noun they modify. 

    • Esta camisa negra me la compró mi hermana. (My sister bought me this black shirt.)
    • Me encantan los zapatos rojos. (I love red shoes.)

    Masculine, feminine and plural forms of adjectives 

    Adjectives are either masculine or feminine, singular or plural according to the noun they modify. 

    Here are some categories regarding the gender and number of adjectives: 

    1. adjectives ending in -o (masculine)
    2. adjectives ending in -e and consonant (both masculine and feminine)
    3. nouns ending in -z

    1. Adjectives ending in -o (masculine)

    Masculine -o ending changes to -a in the feminine form. To form the plural, an -s is added to the singular ending. 

    Masculine Feminine Plural
    alto (tall) alta altos/altas
    bonito (pretty) bonita bonitos/bonitas
    feo (ugly) fea feos/feas

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    2. Adjectives ending in -e and consonant (both masculine and feminine)

    Some adjectives have the same form for both masculine and feminine.

    To form the plural, add -s to adjectives ending in -e, while -es to adjectives ending in consonant

    Masculine / Feminine Plural form
    dulce (sweet) dulces 
    grande (big) grandes
    débil* (weak) débiles
    azul (blue) azules

    3. Adjectives ending in -z (both masculine and feminine)

    Adjectives ending in -z have the same form for both masculine and femenine, while to form the plural, z turns into c before adding the plural -es ending. 

    Masculine / Feminine Plural form
    capaz (capable) capaces
    feliz (happy) felices
    veloz (fast) veloces

    Other masculine, feminine and plural endings

    Here are some other categories regarding the gender and number of adjectives: 

    1. adjectives ending in -án, -dor and -ón (masculine)
    2. adjectives of nationality ending in -o (masculine)
    3. adjectives ending in -és (masculine)
    4. adjectives of nationality ending in -a-án-ense and í (both masculine and feminine) 
    5. compound adjectives

    1. Adjectives ending in -án, -dor and -ón (masculine)

    To form the feminine form, add -a to the masculine ending.The plural form is created by adding -es to the masculine ending and -s to the feminine one.

    The accent mark is dropped in both cases.

    Masculine Feminine Plural 
    charlatán (talkative) charlatana charlatanes/charlatanas
    trabajador (hard-working) trabajadora trabajadores/trabajadoras
    cabezón (stubborn) cabezona cabezones/cabezonas

    2. Adjectives of nationality ending in -o (masculine)

    To form the feminine, this type of adjectives drops the -o and add -a. The plural form is created by adding -s to the singular form. 

    Masculine Feminine Plural
    colombiano (Colombian) colombiana colombianos/colombianas
    griego (Greek) griega griegos/griegas
    italiano (Italian) italiana italianos/italianas

    3. Adjectives ending in -és

    To form the feminine, this type of adjectives adds the -a to the masculine ending. The plural form is created by adding -s to the masculine form and -es to the feminine.

    The accent mark is dropped in both cases.

    Masculine Feminine Plural
    francés (French) francesa franceses/francesas
    inglés (English) inglesa ingleses/inglesas
    holandés (Dutch) holandesa holandeses/holandesas

    4. Adjectives of nationality ending in -a, -án, -ense and í (both masculine and feminine) 

    Masculine / Feminine Plural form
    belga (Belgian) belgas
    alemán* (German) alemanes
    costarricense (Costa Rican) costarricenses
    iraquí* (Iraqi) iraquís / iraquíes

    5. Compound adjectives

    Compound adjectives add the plural to the last element. 

    Singular form Plural form Translation
    relación sino-estadounidense  relaciones sino-estadounidenses Chinese-U.S relations
    sociedad multicultural sociedades multiculturales multicultural societies

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    *Please note that some adjectives may keep or drop the accent mark on their plural form.