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Spanish simple sentences follow, as in English, the scheme subject + verb + object.
The subject pronouns in Spanish (yo, tú, él, ella, nosotros, vosotros, ellos, ellas) are omitted in most of the sentences. In case you want to emphasize the person, you can use the pronoun.
If there is a direct (who/what?) and an indirect (whom?) object in a Spanish sentence, the direct object usually precedes the indirect one. In English it is the other way around.
|Subject||Verb||Direct object||Indirect object||Translation|
|(Yo)||leo||un cuento||a mi hermana.||I read my sister a story.|
|La profesora||enseña||alemán||a los estudiantes.||The teacher teaches the students German.|
If the direct and indirect objects are replaced by pronouns, they stand before the verb.
Here you can review Spanish direct and indirect object pronouns.
|Indirect object pronouns||Direct object pronouns||Translation|
|lo, la||le||him, her, it, you|
|los, las||les||them, you (all)|
In Spanish pronouns can be attached to the infinitive or gerund. To the affirmative imperative they must be attached.
||I don't want to get up.|
||I'm waking up.|
If an object pronoun is attached to a verb, it's often necessary to add an accent to the verb to preserve the natural stress.
In Spanish, the adjective stands usually behind the noun. However, there are a few exceptions: Some adjectives have different meanings when they are in front or behind the noun.
The adverbial phrase may be at the beginning of a sentence, in the middle or at the end of the sentence.
Adverbial phrases are ordered according to their importance in the sentence. The most important thing is at the end of the sentence.
After this lesson you are able to build declarative sentences in Spanish. Test your knowledge now in our free exercises. Good luck!
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