• Spanish grammar
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  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/6]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronouns in Spanish practice quiz (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Fill in the blanks (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Sentence structure and word order in Spanish [0/4]
  • 9 Spanish prepositions [0/2]
  • 10 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/27]
  • 10.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 10.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/18]
  • 10.2.1 Pretérito perfecto simple (indefinido) in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.2 Pretérito perfecto compuesto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.3 Difference between Pretérito Perfecto and Indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.4 Pretérito Imperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.5 Difference between imperfecto and indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.6 Pretérito pluscuamperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 11 Difference between "ser" and "estar" in Spanish [0/3]
  • 12 Spanish verbs [0/7]
  • 13 Gerund in Spanish (el gerundio) [0/3]
  • 14 Imperative in Spanish (imperativo) [0/6]
  • 15 Passive in Spanish (voz pasiva) [0/3]
  • Declarative sentences in Spanish

    Exercises

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    1. Let's practice the word order in Spanish sentences Score -/-
    2. How to form sentences in Spanish Score -/-

    Word order in Spanish

    Spanish simple sentences follow, as in English, the scheme subject + verb + object. 

    Use of subject pronouns 

    The subject pronouns in Spanish (yo, tú, él, ella, nosotros, vosotros, ellos, ellas) are omitted in most of the sentences. In case you want to emphasize the person, you can use the pronoun. 

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    Examples 

    • Como fresas. - I eat strawberries. 
    • Yo como fresas y comes manzanas. - I eat strawberries and you eat apples. 

    Direct and indirect objects

    If there is a direct (who/what?) and an indirect (whom?) object in a Spanish sentence, the direct object usually precedes the indirect one. In English it is the other way around. 

    Subject Verb Direct object Indirect object Translation
    (Yo) leo un cuento  a mi hermana. I read my sister a story.
    La profesora enseña alemán a los estudiantes.  The teacher teaches the students German. 

    Position of object pronouns 

    If the direct and indirect objects are replaced by pronouns, they stand before the verb.

    Examples

    • María me lo dice. - María tells it to me. 
    • Te lo doy. - I give it to you. 

    enlightenedThe indirect object pronoun (who?) precedes the direct object pronoun (who/what?).

    Here you can review Spanish direct and indirect object pronouns. 

    Indirect object pronouns Direct object pronouns Translation
    me me me
    te te you
    lo, la le him, her, it, you
    nos nos us
    os os you (all)
    los, las les them, you (all)

     

    In Spanish pronouns can be attached to the infinitive or gerund. To the affirmative imperative they must be attached. 

      Example Translation
    Infinitive
    • No me quiero levantar.
    • No quiero levantarme
    I don't want to get up. 
    Gerund
    • Me estoy levantando. 
    • Estoy levantándome.
    I'm waking up. 
    Imperative
    • Dime
    • melo.
    • Tell me.
    • Give it to me.

     

    enlightenedIf an object pronoun is attached to a verb, it's often necessary to add an accent to the verb to preserve the natural stress.

    Position of adjectives

    In Spanish, the adjective stands usually behind the noun. However, there are a few exceptions: Some adjectives have different meanings when they are in front or behind the noun. 

    Examples

    • una mujer joven - a young woman
    • los flores maravillosos - the wonderful flowers
    • un evento único - a unique event
    • el único hijo - the only son 

    Adverbial phrases

    The adverbial phrase may be at the beginning of a sentence, in the middle or at the end of the sentence.

    Examples

    • Ayer María se casó. - Yesterday María got married.
    • María ayer se casó.  - María yesterday got married.
    • María se casó ayer. - María got married yesterday.

    Adverbial phrases are ordered according to their importance in the sentence. The most important thing is at the end of the sentence.

    • Desde hace mucho tiempo vivo en Alemania. - For a long time I live in Germany. → location is emphasized
    • Vivo en Alemania desde hace mucho tiempo. - I live in Germany for a long time. → time is emphasized

     

    After this lesson you are able to build declarative sentences in Spanish. Test your knowledge now in our free exercises. Good luck!yes