Spanish simple sentences follow, as in English, the scheme subject + verb + object.
The subject pronouns in Spanish (yo, tú, él, ella, nosotros, vosotros, ellos, ellas) are omitted in most of the sentences. In case you want to emphasize the person, you can use the pronoun.
If there is a direct (who/what?) and an indirect (whom?) object in a Spanish sentence, the direct object usually precedes the indirect one. In English it is the other way around.
|Subject||Verb||Direct object||Indirect object||Translation|
|(Yo)||leo||un cuento||a mi hermana.||I read my sister a story.|
|La profesora||enseña||alemán||a los estudiantes.||The teacher teaches the students German.|
If the direct and indirect objects are replaced by pronouns, they stand before the verb.
Here you can review Spanish direct and indirect object pronouns.
|Indirect object pronouns||Direct object pronouns||Translation|
|lo, la||le||him, her, it, you|
|los, las||les||them, you (all)|
In Spanish pronouns can be attached to the infinitive or gerund. To the affirmative imperative they must be attached.
||I don't want to get up.|
||I'm waking up.|
If an object pronoun is attached to a verb, it's often necessary to add an accent to the verb to preserve the natural stress.
In Spanish, the adjective stands usually behind the noun. However, there are a few exceptions: Some adjectives have different meanings when they are in front or behind the noun.
The adverbial phrase may be at the beginning of a sentence, in the middle or at the end of the sentence.
Adverbial phrases are ordered according to their importance in the sentence. The most important thing is at the end of the sentence.
After this lesson you are able to build declarative sentences in Spanish. Test your knowledge now in our free exercises. Good luck!
Anthony, thank you for your words! I am happy to know that you are satisfied with the course and that you enjoy the lessons so much. It is a pleasure for me too! I like to witness your improvement, class after class, and I am sure that you will achieve your goal soon. Con mucho gusto!
Thank you, Danilo. It is always a pleasure having lessons with you and I have enjoyed our many conversations together. And what a joy that over time they have become easier for both of us to understand! :D
Ciao Robbie, thanks a lot for your feedback. I'm very happy you like the classes together and I'll do my best to keep them as fun and interesting as possible :-)
Hi Alba! Thank you so much for your wonderful review! I enjoyed our class too & I wish you the best of luck with all your future projects :-)
Dear Silvia, thank you very much for your feedback! It's a real pleasure to have classes with you, and I hope you find them useful!
Thanks a lot. It is understood that for any difficulty and / or misunderstanding I am at your disposal.Rina
Thank you Philippe for your beautiful words. Yours sincerely.
Dear Erik thank you so much for your great feedback !!!!!
Many thanks to you Clemence. See you! :-))))
Thank you for your feedback Peter :)
Thank you Sereen! Derya
Thanks Aleksandra !!
Thank you Leandra!
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