• Spanish grammar
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  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/6]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronouns in Spanish practice quiz (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Fill in the blanks (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Sentence structure and word order in Spanish [0/4]
  • 9 Spanish prepositions [0/2]
  • 10 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/27]
  • 10.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 10.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/18]
  • 10.2.1 Pretérito perfecto simple (indefinido) in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.2 Pretérito perfecto compuesto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.3 Difference between Pretérito Perfecto and Indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.4 Pretérito Imperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.5 Difference between imperfecto and indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.6 Pretérito pluscuamperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 11 Difference between "ser" and "estar" in Spanish [0/3]
  • 12 Spanish verbs [0/7]
  • 13 Gerund in Spanish (el gerundio) [0/3]
  • 14 Imperative in Spanish (imperativo) [0/6]
  • 15 Passive in Spanish (voz pasiva) [0/3]
  • Spanish has two ways of expressing orders. The affirmative and the negative form of the imperative. Here is the negative form:

    Forming the imperative: Instructions not to do something (imperativo negativo)

    The formation of the negative form of the imperative in Spanish is easier than the affirmative. The endings are very similar to the present tense but with a little vowel change.

    • The -ar verbs have the same endings as the -er verbs in the Present.
    • The -er and -ir verbs have the same endings as the -ar verbs in the Present.
    Personal pronouns Imperative (hablar) Imperative (comer) Imperative (escribir)
    no hables no comas no escribas
    usted no hable no coma no escriba
    nosotros/-as no hablemos no comamos no escribamos
    vosotros/-as no habléis no comáis no escribáis
    ustedes no hablen no coman no escriban

    Irregular verbs in imperativo negativo

    In sentences that tell you not to do something and have "no" in front of them, the imperative forms are all taken from the present subjunctive. It's easy to remember because the endings for -ar and -er verbs are the opposite of what they are in the present tense.

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    Highly irregular verbs

    Personal pronouns Imperative (ser) Imperative (estar) Imperative (ir) Imperative (saber)
    no seas no estés no vayas no sepas
    usted no sea no esté no vaya no sepa
    nosotros/-as no seamos no estemos no vayamos no sepamos
    vosotros/-as no seáis no estéis no vayáis no sepáis
    ustedes no sean no estén no vayan no sepan
    Personal pronouns Imperative (dar) Imperative (haber)
    no des no hayas
    usted no dé no haya
    nosotros/-as no demos no hayamos
    vosotros/-as no deis no hayáis
    ustedes no den no hayan

    Irregular verbs in Present (Indicative)

    If the verb is irregular in the first person-singular of the present tense, all the forms in the negative imperative will have the same irregularity,
    Example tener:

    • ¡No tengas!
    • ¡No tenga!
    • ¡No tengamos!
    • ¡No tengáis!
    • ¡No tengan!

    Here you have some examples of common irregular verbs:

    Personal pronouns Imperative tener Imperative decir Imperative poner Imperative hacer
    no tengas no digas no pongas no hagas
    usted no tenga no diga no ponga no haga
    nosotros/-as no tengamos no digamos no pongamos no hagamos
    vosotros/-as no tengáis no digáis no pongáis no hagáis
    ustedes no tengan no digan no pongan no hagan
    Personal pronouns Imperative salir Imperative traer Imperative ver Imperative venir
    no salgas no triagas no veas no vengas
    usted no salga no traiga no vea no venga
    nosotros/-as no salgamos no traigamos no veamos no vengamos
    vosotros/-as no salgáis no traigáis no veáis no vengáis
    ustedes no salgan no traigan no vean no vengan

    Position of object pronouns

    Object pronouns are words like me (meaning me or to me), la (meaning her/it) or les (meaning to them/to you) that is used instead of a noun as the object of a sentence. In sentences and instructions, the position of these object pronouns changes depending on whether you are telling someone TO DO something (Imperativo afirmativo) or NOT TO DO something (Imperativo negativo)

    • ¡No os preocupéis! (Don't worry!)
    • ¡No lo abras! (Do not open it!)
    • ¡No se lo digas! (Don't tell her!)

    yes If you are telling someone NOT TO DO something, the object pronouns go BEFORE the verb.