• Spanish grammar
    0%
  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/6]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronouns in Spanish practice quiz (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Fill in the blanks (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Sentence structure and word order in Spanish [0/4]
  • 9 Spanish prepositions [0/2]
  • 10 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/27]
  • 10.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 10.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/18]
  • 10.2.1 Pretérito perfecto simple (indefinido) in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.2 Pretérito perfecto compuesto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.3 Difference between Pretérito Perfecto and Indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.4 Pretérito Imperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.5 Difference between imperfecto and indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.6 Pretérito pluscuamperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 11 Difference between "ser" and "estar" in Spanish [0/3]
  • 12 Spanish verbs [0/7]
  • 13 Gerund in Spanish (el gerundio) [0/3]
  • 14 Imperative in Spanish (imperativo) [0/6]
  • 15 Passive in Spanish (voz pasiva) [0/3]
  • 16 Negation in Spanish [0/2]
  • The gender of Spanish nouns: masculine and feminine

    Exercises

    0%
    1. The gender of Spanish nouns - Fill in the blanks Score -/-
    2. Masculine and feminine endings practice quiz Score -/-

    The general rule states that all Spanish nouns are masculine or feminine.

    Words ending in -o are generally masculine, while ones ending in -a are generally feminine. The articles which accompany a masculine noun are el (definite) / uno (indefinite), while the feminine ones are  la (definite) / una (indefinite)

    Masculine nouns ending in -o Feminine nouns ending in -a
    • El / Un tío (uncle)
    • El / Un niño (child)
    • El / Un gato (cat)
    • El / Un pelo (hair)
    • La / Una tía (aunt)
    • La / Una falda (skirt)
    • La / Una boca (mouth)
    • La / Una hija (daughter)

    General rules to recognize masculine nouns

    Usually words with the following endings are masculine:

    1. -o;
    2. -a (-ía; -ma; -ama; -ema; -oma);
    3. -ambre / -aje;
    4. ón / -án. 

    1. Masculine nouns ending in -o

    • El bolígrafo (pen)
    • El zapato (shoe)

    Besides, nouns that designate male beings generally end in -o.

    Examples: 

    • El cartero (mailman)
    • El hermano (brother)

    enlightenedHowever, nouns that designate male beings may have other endings: 

       Examples:

    • El profesor (male professor)
    • El hombre (man)

    Study this lesson together with a teacher

    Studying on your own is not effective since nobody guides you and you do not receive any feedback. Ask help from one of our professional teachers!

    Get a free trial lesson!
    View teachers

    2. Masculine nouns ending in -a (-ía; -ma; -ama; -ema; -oma)

    Although nouns ending in -a are mostly feminine, some of them are masculine. 

    Note that nouns ending in -ía-ma-ama-ema-oma have similar spelling and meaning in both English and Spanish.

    Endings Examples
    -ía

    El día (day)

    -ma

    El clima (weather, climate)

    -ama

    El programa (programme)

    -ema

    El problema (problem)

    -oma

    El idioma (language)

    3. Masculine nouns ending in -ambre and -aje

    Endings Examples
    -ambre El hambre (hunger)
    -aje El lenguaje (language)

    4. Masculine nouns ending in -or and -án

    Endings Examples
    -or El amor (love)
    -án El refrán (proverb)

    Masculine group of nouns

    Certain groups of nouns are masculine.

    Noun groups Examples English translation
    Days of weeks / months of the year

    El lunes me voy a la universidad.

    Éste ha sido un octubre lleno de sorpresas.

    On Monday I'm going to university. 

    This has been an October full of surprises.

    Compound nouns 

    El paraguas 

    El lavavajillas

    Umbrella

    Dishwasher

    Colours

    El azul

    El amarillo

    Blue

    Yellow

    Infinitives as nouns El hacer ejercicio es muy recomendable. Working out is advisable. 
    Rivers / seas / oceans El río Támesis está en Londres. The Thames River is in London.

    Trees 

    enlightenedFruits are generally    feminine

    El naranjo

     

    La naranja

    Orange tree

     

    Orange

    General rules to recognize feminine nouns

    Usually words with the following endings are feminine:

    1. -a;
    2. -o;
    3. -dad / -tad;
    4. -ción / sión;
    5. -ie / -eza /-sis / -itis;
    6. -tud / -umbre.

    1. Feminine nouns ending in -a

    • La rosa (rose)
    • La guitarra (guitar)

    Besides, nouns which designate female beings generally end in -a

    Examples: 

    • La maestra (female teacher)
    • La doctora (female doctor)

    enlightenedHowever, nouns that designate female beings may have other endings: 

      Example:

      La mujer (woman)

    2. Feminine nouns ending in -o

    Although nouns ending in -o are mostly masculine, some of them are feminine. Except for mano, most of them are abbreviations of compound nouns. 

    Examples: 

    • Mano (hand)
    • Foto : fotografía (photo, photograph)
    • Moto : motocicleta (motorcycle)

    3. Feminine nouns ending in -dad and -tad

    Endings Examples
    -dad La calidad (quality)
    -tad La amistad (friendship)

    4. Feminine nouns ending in -ción and -sión

    Endings Examples
    -ción La calefacción (heating)
    -sión La decisión (decision)

    5. Feminine nouns ending in -ie / -eza /-sis / -itis

    Endings Examples
    -ie La serie (serie)
    -eza La naturaleza (nature)
    -sis La crisis (crisis)
    -itis La laringitis (laryngitis)

    6. Feminine nouns ending in -tud / -umbre

    Endings Examples
    -tud La virtud (virtue)
    -umbre La certidumbre (certainty)

    Other endings for masculine and feminine nouns

    Endings Use Example
    -e using for both masculine and feminine nouns

    El examen (exam) 

    La clase (class)

     

    -a

    -ante

    -e

    -ista

    using for both masculine and feminine nouns designating individuals and professions

     

    El/La atleta (athlete)

    El/La cantante (singer)

    El/La intérprete (interpreter)

    El/la dentista (dentist) 

    -és 

    -ón

    -or

    <

    -a

    using for professions, animals, people

     

    El inglés/La inglesa (Englishman/Englishwoman)

    El campeón/La campeona (champion)

    El profesor/La profesora (professor)

     

    /

    invariable nouns: the article does not change

    El ángel (angel)

    La victima (victim)

    / invariable nouns: the article identify the gender

    El/La turista (tourist)

    El/La joven (young man/youngwoman)

    enlightenedFeminine nouns which begin with a stressed -a or -ha take the masculine definite article in their singular form. 

      Examples: 

    • El agua (water)
    • El hambre (hunger)

    Other masculine and feminine group of nouns

    The following goup of nouns include some common words: 

    • nouns referring to people or animals may have different forms for the masculine and feminine: 
    Masculine form Femnine form
    El actor (actor) La actriz (actress)
    El padre (father) La madre (mother)
    El marido / esposo (husband) La esposa (wife)
    El padre (father) La madre (mother)
    El príncipe (prince) La princesa (princess)
    El héroe (hero) La heroína (heroine)
    El rey (king) La reína (queen)
    • some nouns have a different meaning if used with the masculine or the feminine article: 
    Masculine form Feminine form
    El capital - capital (money) La capital - city
    El corte - cut La corte - court
    El cura - priest La cura - cure 
    El editorial - newspaper editorial La editorial - publishing house
    El frente - front La frente - forehead
    El guía - guide La guía - female guide, telephone guide, guidebook
    El policía - police officer La policía - the police force