• Spanish grammar
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  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/6]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronouns in Spanish practice quiz (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Fill in the blanks (Score -/-)
  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Sentence structure and word order in Spanish [0/4]
  • 9 Spanish prepositions [0/2]
  • 10 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/27]
  • 10.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 10.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/18]
  • 10.2.1 Pretérito perfecto simple (indefinido) in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.2 Pretérito perfecto compuesto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.3 Difference between Pretérito Perfecto and Indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.4 Pretérito Imperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.5 Difference between imperfecto and indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.6 Pretérito pluscuamperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 11 Difference between "ser" and "estar" in Spanish [0/3]
  • 12 Spanish verbs [0/7]
  • 13 Gerund in Spanish (el gerundio) [0/3]
  • 14 Imperative in Spanish (imperativo) [0/6]
  • 15 Passive in Spanish (voz pasiva) [0/3]
  • 16 Negation in Spanish [0/2]
  • Spanish articles

    The articles (artículos) have the main purpose to indicate the gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural) of the nouns, as well as whether or not it is a specific noun (definite or indefinite).

    There are eight different articles in Spanish, four belonging to the definite category and four to the indefinite one: 

    • Definite articles: el, la, los, las < the 
    • Indefinite articles: un, una, unos, unas < a, an 
      Singular Plural 
    Masculine el; un los; unos
    Femenine la; una las; unas

    Spanish definite articles

    Definite articles are used to indicate a specific noun and they often correspond to the  English the. However, in many instances where the definite article is necessary in Spanish, it is omitted in English. 

    Masculine forms

    • El chico de la puerta a lado se llama Miguel. (The name of the boy who lives next door is Miguel.)
    • Los chicos de la puerta a lado son gemelos. (The boys who live next door are twins.)

    Femenine forms

    • Me encanta la comida italiana. (I love Italian food.)
    • Me gustan las zanahorias. (I like carrots.)

    Spanish indefinite articles

    In both Spanish and English, indefinite articles refers to one individual out of a general group. In their singular form, they often correspond to the English "a, an", while in their plural form, they stand for "some, a few". 

    Masculine forms

    • Tengo un abrigo nuevo. (I have a new overcoat.)
    • Hay unos perros en el patio de mi abuela. (There are a few dogs in my grandmother's courtyard)

    Femenine forms

    • Tengo una falda nueva. (I have a new skirt.)
    • Compramos unas peras. (We bought some pears.)

    Spanish lo - the neuter article

    Spanish has a "third gender", which is expressed by the neuter article lo. This form is invariable and it is mostly used to communicate an abstract idea.

    Example:

    Lo importante es que hayas llegado bien a casa. (What matters / The important thing is that you have arrived home safely.)

     

    And now have a look at the Spanish articles subpages to have a more in-depth explanation of them.

    Exercises

    Spanish definite and indefinite articles - Fill in the blanks

    Next lessons

    1 Spanish definite articles Learn the four definite articles!
    2 Spanish indefinite articles Learn the four Spanish indefinite articles!
    3 Spanish LO - neuter article? Learn all the uses of "lo" in Spanish!