• Spanish grammar
    0%
  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/6]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronouns in Spanish practice quiz (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Fill in the blanks (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Sentence structure and word order in Spanish [0/4]
  • 9 Spanish prepositions [0/2]
  • 10 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/27]
  • 10.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 10.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/18]
  • 10.2.1 Pretérito perfecto simple (indefinido) in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.2 Pretérito perfecto compuesto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.3 Difference between Pretérito Perfecto and Indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.4 Pretérito Imperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.5 Difference between imperfecto and indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.6 Pretérito pluscuamperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 11 Difference between "ser" and "estar" in Spanish [0/3]
  • 12 Spanish verbs [0/7]
  • 13 Gerund in Spanish (el gerundio) [0/3]
  • 14 Imperative in Spanish (imperativo) [0/6]
  • 15 Passive in Spanish (voz pasiva) [0/3]
  • 16 Negation in Spanish [0/2]
  • The articles (artículos) have the main purpose to indicate the gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural) of the nouns, as well as whether or not it is a specific noun (definite or indefinite).

    There are eight different articles in Spanish, four belonging to the definite category and four to the indefinite one: 

    • Definite articles: el, la, los, las < the 
    • Indefinite articles: un, una, unos, unas < a, an 
      Singular Plural 
    Masculine el; un los; unos
    Femenine la; una las; unas

    Spanish definite articles

    Definite articles are used to indicate a specific noun and they often correspond to the  English the. However, in many instances where the definite article is necessary in Spanish, it is omitted in English. 

    Masculine forms

    • El chico de la puerta a lado se llama Miguel. (The name of the boy who lives next door is Miguel.)
    • Los chicos de la puerta a lado son gemelos. (The boys who live next door are twins.)

    Study this lesson together with a teacher

    Studying on your own is not effective since nobody guides you and you do not receive any feedback. Ask help from one of our professional teachers!

    Get a free trial lesson!
    View teachers

    Femenine forms

    • Me encanta la comida italiana. (I love Italian food.)
    • Me gustan las zanahorias. (I like carrots.)

    Spanish indefinite articles

    In both Spanish and English, indefinite articles refers to one individual out of a general group. In their singular form, they often correspond to the English "a, an", while in their plural form, they stand for "some, a few". 

    Masculine forms

    • Tengo un abrigo nuevo. (I have a new overcoat.)
    • Hay unos perros en el patio de mi abuela. (There are a few dogs in my grandmother's courtyard)

    Femenine forms

    • Tengo una falda nueva. (I have a new skirt.)
    • Compramos unas peras. (We bought some pears.)

    Spanish lo - the neuter article

    Spanish has a "third gender", which is expressed by the neuter article lo. This form is invariable and it is mostly used to communicate an abstract idea.

    Example:

    Lo importante es que hayas llegado bien a casa. (What matters / The important thing is that you have arrived home safely.)

     

    And now have a look at the Spanish articles subpages to have a more in-depth explanation of them.

    Next lessons

    1 Spanish definite articles Learn the four definite articles!
    2 Spanish indefinite articles Learn the four Spanish indefinite articles!
    3 Spanish LO - neuter article? Learn all the uses of "lo" in Spanish!