• Spanish grammar
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  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/6]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronouns in Spanish practice quiz (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Fill in the blanks (Score -/-)
  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Sentence structure and word order in Spanish [0/4]
  • 9 Spanish prepositions [0/2]
  • 10 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/27]
  • 10.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 10.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/18]
  • 10.2.1 Pretérito perfecto simple (indefinido) in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.2 Pretérito perfecto compuesto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.3 Difference between Pretérito Perfecto and Indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.4 Pretérito Imperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.5 Difference between imperfecto and indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.6 Pretérito pluscuamperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 11 Difference between "ser" and "estar" in Spanish [0/3]
  • 12 Spanish verbs [0/7]
  • 13 Gerund in Spanish (el gerundio) [0/3]
  • 14 Imperative in Spanish (imperativo) [0/6]
  • 15 Passive in Spanish (voz pasiva) [0/3]
  • 16 Negation in Spanish [0/2]
  • Spanish nouns

    Nouns (los sustantivos) designate people, things, places, actions, events, concret or abstract ideas. 

    Unlike their English counterpart, Spanish nouns are either masculine or feminine. Those nouns that refer specifically to a man  (e.g. father, brother...) are masculine, while those ones that refer specifically to a woman (e.g. mother, sister...) are feminine. 

    All other nouns are classified into gender groups according to their endings. 

    The gender of Spanish nouns: masculine and feminine

    Almost all nouns that end in -o are masculine, while almost all nouns that end in -a are feminine

    Masculine nouns Feminine nouns
    • El padre (father)
    • El chico (boy)
    • El hermano (brother)
    • El tío (uncle)
    • El perro (dog)
    • El libro (book)
    • El bolígrafo (pen)
    • El museo (museum)
    • La madre (mother)
    • La chica (girl)
    • La hemana (sister)
    • La tía (aunt)
    • La perra (dog)
    • La novela (novel)
    • La casa (house/home)
    • La escuela (school)

    Plural forms of Spanish nouns

    The consonant -s is added to nouns ending in -o and -a to form their plural.

    Masculine nouns Feminine nouns
    • Los chicos (boys)
    • Los hermanos (brothers)
    • Los tíos (uncles)
    • Los perros (dogs)
    • Los libros (books)
    • Los bolígrafos (pens)
    • Los museos (museums)
    • Las chicas (girls)
    • Las hermanas (sisters)
    • Las tías (aunts)
    • Las perras (dogs)
    • Las novelas (novels)
    • Las casas (houses)
    • Las escuelas (schools)

    Spanish diminutives and augmentatives 

    Several endings can be added to Spanish nouns to form what are called diminutive and augmentative forms. 

      Common endings Use Examples
    Diminutive

    -ito / -ita

    -illo / -illa

    Indicating something small, unimportant or beloved

    Casita (small house)

    Bolsillo (pocket)

    Augmentative

    -ón / -ona

    -ote / -ota

    Indicating something large or undesiderable

    Cajón (crate)

    Animalote (big animal)

     

    If you are interested in all the word endings associated to the Spanish gender, plural and diminutive and augmentative form, go ahead and keep on learning!

    Exercises

    Spanish nouns - Fill in the blanks

    Spanish nouns and articles grammar test

    Next lessons

    1 The gender of Spanish nouns: masculine and feminine Learn the masculine and feminine forms of Spanish nouns!
    2 Spanish plural nouns Learn how to form the Spanish plural form!
    3 Spanish diminutives (-ito) and augmentatives (-ote) Learn how to form the diminutives and augmentatives in Spanish!