Nouns (los sustantivos) designate people, things, places, actions, events, concret or abstract ideas.
Unlike their English counterpart, Spanish nouns are either masculine or feminine. Those nouns that refer specifically to a man (e.g. father, brother...) are masculine, while those ones that refer specifically to a woman (e.g. mother, sister...) are feminine.
All other nouns are classified into gender groups according to their endings.
The gender of Spanish nouns: masculine and feminine
Almost all nouns that end in -o are masculine, while almost all nouns that end in -a are feminine.
|Masculine nouns||Feminine nouns|
Plural forms of Spanish nouns
The consonant -s is added to nouns ending in -o and -a to form their plural.
|Masculine nouns||Feminine nouns|
Spanish diminutives and augmentatives
Several endings can be added to Spanish nouns to form what are called diminutive and augmentative forms.
-ito / -ita
-illo / -illa
|Indicating something small, unimportant or beloved||
Casita (small house)
-ón / -ona
-ote / -ota
|Indicating something large or undesiderable||
Animalote (big animal)
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