• Spanish grammar
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  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/6]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronouns in Spanish practice quiz (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Fill in the blanks (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Sentence structure and word order in Spanish [0/4]
  • 9 Spanish prepositions [0/2]
  • 10 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/27]
  • 10.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 10.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/18]
  • 10.2.1 Pretérito perfecto simple (indefinido) in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.2 Pretérito perfecto compuesto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.3 Difference between Pretérito Perfecto and Indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.4 Pretérito Imperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.5 Difference between imperfecto and indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.6 Pretérito pluscuamperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 11 Difference between "ser" and "estar" in Spanish [0/3]
  • 12 Spanish verbs [0/7]
  • 13 Gerund in Spanish (el gerundio) [0/3]
  • 14 Imperative in Spanish (imperativo) [0/6]
  • 15 Passive in Spanish (voz pasiva) [0/3]
  • 16 Negation in Spanish [0/2]
  • Spanish descriptive adjectives

    Exercises

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    1. Translate the adjective with flashcards Score -/-
    2. Spanish descriptive adjectives - Fill in the missing forms Score -/-

    Descriptive adjectives (adjetivos descriptivos) describe some quality of the noun.

    In Spanish, adjectives must agree in gender (masculine, feminine) and number (singular, plural) with the noun they modify and they generally follow the substantive they refer to. 

    • Mi madre se compró un abrigo rojo. (My mother bought a red overcoat.)
    • Mi hermana tiene dos faldas blancas. (My sister has two white skirts.)

    Descriptive adjective endings

    Spanish adjectives are usually listed in their masculine singular form in dictionaries.

    Here below are the most common masculine endings of descriptive adjectives: 

    1. adjectives ending in -o
    2. adjectives ending in -e
    3. adjectives ending in -ista
    4. adjectives ending in consonant

    1. Adjectives ending in -o

      Masculine Feminine
    Singular -o -a
    Plural -os -as

    Examples: 

    • The beautiful (male) dog: El perro bonito 
    • The beautiful (male) dogs: Los perros bonitos
    • The beautiful (female) dog: La perra bonit
    • The beautiful (female) dogs: Las perras bonitas 

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    2. Adjectives ending in -e 

      Masculine Feminine
    Singular -e -e
    Plural -es -es

    Examples: 

    • The interesting man: El hombre interesant
    • The interesting men: Los hombres interesantes
    • The interesting woman: La mujer interesantes 
    • The interesting women: Las mujeres interesantes

    3. Adjectives ending in -ista

      Masculine Feminine
    Singular -ista -ista
    Plural -istas -istas

    Examples: 

    • The idealist (male) professor: El profesor idealista
    • The idealist (male) professors: Los profesores idealistas
    • The idealist (female) professor: La profesora idealista
    • The idealist (female) professors: Las profesoras idealistas

    4. Adjectives ending in consonant

    Adjectives that end in a consonant do not change according to gender, but do change for number.

    To form the plural, -es has to be added to the singular ending. 

    Examples: 

    • El libro azul está encima de mi cama. (The blue book is on my bed.)
    • Los libros azules están encima de mi cama. (The blue books are on my bed.)

    enlightenedAdjectives ending in z in the singular change the z to a c before adding the plural ending -es.

      Examples: 

    • Miguel es un abogado muy capaz. (Miguel is a very capable lawyer.)
    • Los defensores publicos son abogados muy capaces. (The public defenders are very capable lawyers.)

    enlightenedAdjectives ending in -or, -ón and -ín have feminine forms. When forming the feminine and plural, remember to drop the accent mark if necessary.  

    Masculine Feminine Plural Examples Translation
    -or* -ora -ores / -oras

    trabajador

    trabajadora

    trabajadores

    trabajadoras

    hard-working
    -ón -ona -ones / -onas

    cabezón 

    cabezona

    cabezones

    cabezonas

    stubborn
    -ín -ina -ines / -inas

    chiquitín

    chiquitina

    chiquitines

    chiquitines

    tiny

    _____________________________________________________________________

    * N.B Adjectives ending in -erior do not have a feminine form (e.g. exterior, posterior).

    Spanish descriptive adjective list

    Adjective Opposite
    bonito (pretty) feo (ugly)
    feliz (happy) triste (sad)
    alto (tall) bajo (short)
    grande (big) pequeño (small)
    fácil (easy) díficil (difficult)
    divertido (fun) aburrido (boring)
    rico (rich) pobre (poor)
    inteligente (clever) tonto (stupido)
    nuevo (new) viejo (old)
    abierto (open) cerrado (closed)
    despierto (awake) cansado (tired)
    caliente (hot, warm) frío (cold)
    caro (expensive) barato (cheap)
    rápido (fast) lento (slow)
    fuerte (strong) débil (weak)
    sano (healthy) enfermo (sick)
    dulce (sweet) salado (salty)
    limpio (clean) sucio (dirty)
    seco (dry) mojado (wet)
    justo (fair) injusto (unfair)
    lleno (full) vacío (empty)
    delgado (thin) gordo (fat)
    bueno (good) malo (bad)