Personal pronouns (pronombres personales) refer to a noun previously mentioned.
They prevent excessive repetitions and remind your listener who is doing what, how, to whom, etc.
Spanish personal pronouns are divided into 5 types:
|Subject pronouns||Direct object pronouns||Indirect object pronouns||Prepositional pronouns|
|Yo (I)||me (me)||me (to me)||mí (me)|
|Tú (You)||te (you)||te (to you)||
|Él (He)||lo (him, masc. it)||le (to him, to it)||
él (him, masc. it)
|Ella (She)||la (her, fem. it)||le (to her, to it)||
ella (her, fem. it)
|Usted (form. You)||
lo (masc. form. you)
la (fem. form. you)
|le (form. to you)||
usted (form. you)
sí (form. you)
Nosotros (masc., masc./fem. We)
Nosotras (fem. We)
|nos (us)||nos (to us)||
nosotros (masc., masc./fem. us)
nosotras (fem. us)
Vosotros (masc., masc./fem. You)
Vosotras (fem. You)
|os (you)||os (to you)||
vosotros (masc., masc./fem. you)
vosotras (f. you)
Ellos (masc., masc./fem. They)
Ellas (fem. They)
los (masc., masc./fem. them)
las (fem. them)
|les (to them)||
ellos (masc., masc./fem. them)
ellas (fem. them)
|Ustedes (form. You)||
los (masc. form. you)
las (fem. form. you)
|les (form. to you)||
ustedes (form. you)
sí (form. yourselves)
Subject pronouns (pronombres personales de sujeto) identify who or what is perfoming the action indicated by the verb.
Since the verb ending already tells who the subject is, subject pronouns in Spanish are generally omitted.
Direct object pronouns (pronombres de objeto directo ) replace a direct object, which is a noun that receives the action of a verb.
They generally precede verbs (both simple and compound ones).
Indirect object pronouns (pronombres de objeto indirecto ) tells you to whom or for whom the action is done.
They are generally placed before verbs and they are used with a specific group of verbs (e.g decir algo a alguien, pedir algo a alguien, etc.).
A direct object pronoun plus an indirect object pronoun turns into a double object pronoun.
Double object pronouns are generally placed before the conjugated form of the verb.
Me lo regaló mi padre. (My father gave it to me.)
When the indirect object pronouns le and les are followed by the direct object pronouns lo/la/los/las, they turn into SE.
Mira estos vaqueros. Se los compré a él. (Look at these jeans. I bought them to him.)
Prepositional pronouns (pronombres preposicionales) always follow prepositions, such as a (to) de (of), para (to, for) or con (with).
Prepositional pronouns replace the noun that comes immediately after a preposition.
When "mí", "ti" and "sí" are combined with "con", they turn into the following forms:
Anthony, thank you for your words! I am happy to know that you are satisfied with the course and that you enjoy the lessons so much. It is a pleasure for me too! I like to witness your improvement, class after class, and I am sure that you will achieve your goal soon. Con mucho gusto!
Thank you, Danilo. It is always a pleasure having lessons with you and I have enjoyed our many conversations together. And what a joy that over time they have become easier for both of us to understand! :D
Hi Alba! Thank you so much for your wonderful review! I enjoyed our class too & I wish you the best of luck with all your future projects :-)
Dear Silvia, thank you very much for your feedback! It's a real pleasure to have classes with you, and I hope you find them useful!
Hola Pedro, thanks for your words. I'm glad you enjoyed our first class. Get ready, we are going to learn more and more! :-D
Thanks a lot. It is understood that for any difficulty and / or misunderstanding I am at your disposal.Rina
Thank you Philippe for your beautiful words. Yours sincerely.
Dear Erik thank you so much for your great feedback !!!!!
Many thanks to you Clemence. See you! :-))))
Thank you for your feedback Peter :)
Thank you Sereen! Derya
Thanks Aleksandra !!
Thank you Leandra!
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