Spanish personal pronouns
Personal pronouns (pronombres personales) refer to a noun previously mentioned.
They prevent excessive repetitions and remind your listener who is doing what, how, to whom, etc.
Spanish personal pronouns are divided into 5 types:
- subject pronouns
- direct object pronouns
- indirect object pronouns
- double object pronouns
- prepositional pronouns
Table of Spanish personal pronouns
|Subject pronouns||Direct object pronouns||Indirect object pronouns||Prepositional pronouns|
|Yo (I)||me (me)||me (to me)||mí (me)|
|Tú (You)||te (you)||te (to you)||
|Él (He)||lo (him, masc. it)||le (to him, to it)||
él (him, masc. it)
|Ella (She)||la (her, fem. it)||le (to her, to it)||
ella (her, fem. it)
|Usted (form. You)||
lo (masc. form. you)
la (fem. form. you)
|le (form. to you)||
usted (form. you)
sí (form. you)
Nosotros (masc., masc./fem. We)
Nosotras (fem. We)
|nos (us)||nos (to us)||
nosotros (masc., masc./fem. us)
nosotras (fem. us)
Vosotros (masc., masc./fem. You)
Vosotras (fem. You)
|os (you)||os (to you)||
vosotros (masc., masc./fem. you)
vosotras (f. you)
Ellos (masc., masc./fem. They)
Ellas (fem. They)
los (masc., masc./fem. them)
las (fem. them)
|les (to them)||
ellos (masc., masc./fem. them)
ellas (fem. them)
|Ustedes (form. You)||
los (masc. form. you)
las (fem. form. you)
|les (form. to you)||
ustedes (form. you)
sí (form. yourselves)
1. Spanish subject pronouns
Subject pronouns (pronombres personales de sujeto) identify who or what is perfoming the action indicated by the verb.
Since the verb ending already tells who the subject is, subject pronouns in Spanish are generally omitted.
- Tú te vas a la playa con ellos? (Are you going to the beach with them?)
- Ella es mi prima. (She is my cousin.)
2. Spanish direct object pronouns
Direct object pronouns (pronombres de objeto directo ) replace a direct object, which is a noun that receives the action of a verb.
They generally precede verbs (both simple and compound ones).
- Has visto mis guantes? Los has visto? (Have you seen my gloves? Have you seen them?)
- No, no los he visto. (No, I haven't seen them.)
3. Spanish indirect object pronouns
Indirect object pronouns (pronombres de objeto indirecto ) tells you to whom or for whom the action is done.
They are generally placed before verbs and they are used with a specific group of verbs (e.g decir algo a alguien, pedir algo a alguien, etc.).
- Me dijo que no se encontraba bien. (She told me that she did not feel good.)
- Le pide que se quedara. (I asked him to stay.)
4. Spanish double object pronouns
A direct object pronoun plus an indirect object pronoun turns into a double object pronoun.
Double object pronouns are generally placed before the conjugated form of the verb.
Me lo regaló mi padre. (My father gave it to me.)
When the indirect object pronouns le and les are followed by the direct object pronouns lo/la/los/las, they turn into SE.
Mira estos vaqueros. Se los compré a él. (Look at these jeans. I bought them to him.)
5. Spanish prepositional pronouns
Prepositional pronouns (pronombres preposicionales) always follow prepositions, such as a (to) de (of), para (to, for) or con (with).
Prepositional pronouns replace the noun that comes immediately after a preposition.
- Esta postal es para ti. (This postcard is for you.)
- Se lo compré a ellos. (I bought it to them.)
When "mí", "ti" and "sí" are combined with "con", they turn into the following forms:
- Conmigo: Vente conmigo. (Come with me.)
- Contigo: Me quedaré contigo hasta el final. (I will stay with you till the end.)
- Consigo: Trajo consigo toda la información necesaria. (He brought the necessary information with him.)
Practise with a private teacher on Skype!
- Private Skype lessons
- Learn any topic
- Flexible appointments
English Course - All Levels
I teach: English, Spanish
Greetings dear student,My name is Alberto Pérez. I am an English teacher with honors at the Universidad Experimental Libertador in... Barquisimeto, Venezuela. I have ample experience (7 years) teaching hundreds of students the English language with several methods for teaching it. This has been always making learning more suitable and easy for students.I have worked in universities, high schools and academies so I have a basic experience with adults, young people and adolescents. In addition to a master's degree in "Educational Management", whose thesis on the management of technological tools to carry out a more meaningful, effective and efficient student learning in English.In addition to this, I have 3 years of experience working as an online English teacher-tutor. I teach through applications such as Skype and other online teaching platforms where student learning is concretized more effectively and actively in comparison to face-to-face classes.It's important to say that I am also in the capacity and training to teach Spanish which is my native language; I teach it by the same means as English. On the other hand, I teach my English lessons online in a particular way, not only in the teaching methods of English but also taking into account the processes that are given to carry out learning in the human being; thus attacking the most specific needs that each student needs. For this, I use practical and psychological techniques which through have been successful during last years. Read more
German for all levels!
I teach: English, German, Spanish
So with me you can learn all the tipps to improve or learn German. I also worked as an Engineer for several years so we can as well work on your... vocabulary in a technical level. I am a great fan of new cultures and languages. Feel free to contact me for a class :) Read more
French lessons for all
I teach: Spanish, French
I’m French, currently living in the Netherlands. I lived in Paris for almost twenty years, and I know very well my country (and of course... my language, French, my mother tongue). I taught French for two years in Spain, conversation class about culture essentially.I have a French for foreigners Master.I enjoy sharing what I know. I’m a very eclectic person and curious about everything. To give you an idea, my interest (and sometimes hobbies) are: philosophy, spirituality and religions in general, meditation, psychology and psychoanalysis, history, geography, literature, writing (in particular creative writing, and I’m used to write everyday), art (painting, photography), sciences (vulgarisation level) and cultural matters in general. I travel a lot (as a backpacker), sometimes by foot, and the places I know well are France, the Netherlands, Italy and Serbia.One of my qualities is my capacity of adaptation, I enjoy preparing documents to help the student to acquire autonomy, but I love speaking too, and it’s the best way to learn a language.I'm waiting for your message, please when contact me, explain quickly who you are, why you want to study French and what you are looking for exactly.See you soon. Read more