Spanish personal pronouns
Personal pronouns (pronombres personales) refer to a noun previously mentioned.
They prevent excessive repetitions and remind your listener who is doing what, how, to whom, etc.
Spanish personal pronouns are divided into 5 types:
- subject pronouns
- direct object pronouns
- indirect object pronouns
- double object pronouns
- prepositional pronouns
Table of Spanish personal pronouns
|Subject pronouns||Direct object pronouns||Indirect object pronouns||Prepositional pronouns|
|Yo (I)||me (me)||me (to me)||mí (me)|
|Tú (You)||te (you)||te (to you)||
|Él (He)||lo (him, masc. it)||le (to him, to it)||
él (him, masc. it)
|Ella (She)||la (her, fem. it)||le (to her, to it)||
ella (her, fem. it)
|Usted (form. You)||
lo (masc. form. you)
la (fem. form. you)
|le (form. to you)||
usted (form. you)
sí (form. you)
Nosotros (masc., masc./fem. We)
Nosotras (fem. We)
|nos (us)||nos (to us)||
nosotros (masc., masc./fem. us)
nosotras (fem. us)
Vosotros (masc., masc./fem. You)
Vosotras (fem. You)
|os (you)||os (to you)||
vosotros (masc., masc./fem. you)
vosotras (f. you)
Ellos (masc., masc./fem. They)
Ellas (fem. They)
los (masc., masc./fem. them)
las (fem. them)
|les (to them)||
ellos (masc., masc./fem. them)
ellas (fem. them)
|Ustedes (form. You)||
los (masc. form. you)
las (fem. form. you)
|les (form. to you)||
ustedes (form. you)
sí (form. yourselves)
1. Spanish subject pronouns
Subject pronouns (pronombres personales de sujeto) identify who or what is perfoming the action indicated by the verb.
Since the verb ending already tells who the subject is, subject pronouns in Spanish are generally omitted.
- Tú te vas a la playa con ellos? (Are you going to the beach with them?)
- Ella es mi prima. (She is my cousin.)
2. Spanish direct object pronouns
Direct object pronouns (pronombres de objeto directo ) replace a direct object, which is a noun that receives the action of a verb.
They generally precede verbs (both simple and compound ones).
- Has visto mis guantes? Los has visto? (Have you seen my gloves? Have you seen them?)
- No, no los he visto. (No, I haven't seen them.)
3. Spanish indirect object pronouns
Indirect object pronouns (pronombres de objeto indirecto ) tells you to whom or for whom the action is done.
They are generally placed before verbs and they are used with a specific group of verbs (e.g decir algo a alguien, pedir algo a alguien, etc.).
- Me dijo que no se encontraba bien. (She told me that she did not feel good.)
- Le pide que se quedara. (I asked him to stay.)
4. Spanish double object pronouns
A direct object pronoun plus an indirect object pronoun turns into a double object pronoun.
Double object pronouns are generally placed before the conjugated form of the verb.
Me lo regaló mi padre. (My father gave it to me.)
When the indirect object pronouns le and les are followed by the direct object pronouns lo/la/los/las, they turn into SE.
Mira estos vaqueros. Se los compré a él. (Look at these jeans. I bought them to him.)
5. Spanish prepositional pronouns
Prepositional pronouns (pronombres preposicionales) always follow prepositions, such as a (to) de (of), para (to, for) or con (with).
Prepositional pronouns replace the noun that comes immediately after a preposition.
- Esta postal es para ti. (This postcard is for you.)
- Se lo compré a ellos. (I bought it to them.)
When "mí", "ti" and "sí" are combined with "con", they turn into the following forms:
- Conmigo: Vente conmigo. (Come with me.)
- Contigo: Me quedaré contigo hasta el final. (I will stay with you till the end.)
- Consigo: Trajo consigo toda la información necesaria. (He brought the necessary information with him.)
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