The Spanish plural form is formed by adding an -s or -es to the noun ending. The definite articles which indicate the plural form are los for the masculine and las for the feminine.
|Singular nouns endings||Plural nouns endings||Singular form||Plural form|
|vowel||-s||El gato (cat)||Los gatos (cats)|
|consonant||-es||El reloj (clock)||Los relojes (clocks)|
|-z||-ces||El lápiz (pencil)||Los lápices (pencil)|
El jabalí (wild boar)
El tabú (taboo)
Los jabalís / Los jabalíes (wild boars)
Los tabús / Los tabúes (taboos)
Nouns with the accent mark on the last syllable lose the accent mark.
When it comes to the plural form, there are some irregular group of words:
The los form of the definite article identifies the plural form of all the days of the week ending in -s.
For compouns words, the plural ending has to be added only to the first element.
El coche cama / Los coches cama (sleeping car / sleeping cars)
Some Spanish nouns are always plural.
Unlike English, when referring to parts of the body, items of personal hygiene and clothing, you should use the singular form in statements such as the following ones:
Lavaos la cara! (Wash your faces!)
Se ponen la falda. (They put on their skirts.)
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