Spanish plural nouns
The Spanish plural form is formed by adding an -s or -es to the noun ending. The definite articles which indicate the plural form are los for the masculine and las for the feminine.
|Singular nouns endings||Plural nouns endings||Singular form||Plural form|
|vowel||-s||El gato (cat)||Los gatos (wines)|
|consonant||-es||El reloj (clock)||Los relojes (clocks)|
|-z||-ces||El lápiz (pencil)||Los lápices (pencil)|
El jabalí (wild boar)
El tabú (taboo)
Los jabalís / Los jabalíes (wild boars)
Los tabús / Los tabúes (taboos)
Nouns with the accent mark on the last syllabe lose the accent mark.
- El colchón / Los colchones (mattress / mattresses)
- La inglesa / Las inglesas (Englishwoman / Englishwomen)
Irregular plural nouns
When it comes to the plural form, there are some irregular group of words:
- days of the week ending in -s
- compound words
- invariable plural nouns
- parts of the body / items of personal hygiene / clothing
1. Days of the week ending in -s
The los form of the definite article identifies the plural form of all the days of the week ending in -s.
- El lunes / Los lunes (Monday / Mondays)
- El martes / Los martes (Tuesday / Tuesdays)
- El miércoles / Los miércoles (Wednesday / Wednesdays)
- El jueves / Los jueves (Thursday / Thursdays)
- El viernes / Los viernes (Friday / Fridays)
2. Compound words
For compouns words, the plural ending has to be added only to the first element.
El coche cama / Los coches cama (sleeping car / sleeping cars)
3. Invariable plural nouns
Some Spanish nouns are always plural.
- Las afueras (the outskirts)
- Las gafas (eyeglasses)
- Las vacaciones (holiday)
4. Parts of the body / items of personal hygiene / clothing
Unlike English, when referring to parts of the body, items of personal hygiene and clothing, you should use the singular form in statements such as the following ones:
Lavaos la cara! (Wash your faces!)
Se ponen la falda. (They put on their skirts.)
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