Spanish LO - neuter article?
The word "Lo" has multiple uses.
- Lo as neuter article
- Lo as direct-object pronoun (it / him)
- Lo + que / cual
- Lo + de
- Lo in common expressions
Lo as neuter article
Spanish has next to the femenine and masculine gender, a third gender, the neuter.
|Uses||Sample sentences||English translation|
|lo + adjective||quality or abstract idea||Rafael siempre veo lo bueno de las cosas.||Rafael always sees the bright side of things.|
|lo + adjective / adverb + que||Emphasizing the adjective or adverb||Tu jefe se da cuenta de lo duro que trabajas.||Your boss realizes how hard you work.|
Lo as direct-object pronoun (it / him)
Direct object pronouns can replace the direct object nouns in a sentence.
|Neuter||lo||it||abstract idea; unnamed activity; previous statement|
|Masculine||lo||it, him||what? whom?|
|Feminine||la||it, her||what? whom?|
- No lo entiendo. (I don't understand it.)
- No puedes hacerlo. (You can't do it.)
- Hay mucha gente. No lo veo. (There are many people. I cannot see him / it.)
Lo + que / cual
These phrases serve as relative pronouns (that, what, that which).
- Eres todo lo que necesito. (You are everything that I need.)
- Intentaré hacer lo que es mejor para nosotros. (I will try to do what is better for us.)
Lo + de
This phrase generally means "the matter concerning".
El gobierno español fue informado sobre lo de Podemos. (The Spanish government was informed about the Podemos matter.)
Lo in common expressions
|Expression||English translation||Sample sentences||English translation|
|a lo mejor||probably||Si mañana hace buen tiempo a lo mejor iré a nadar.||I'll probably go swimming tomorrow if the weather is ok.|
|a lo largo de||throughout||Los aviones aterrizan a lo largo de todo el día.||Airplanes are landing throughout the day.|
|por lo menos||at least||José necesita perder por lo menos 5 kilos.||José needs to lose at least 5 kilos.|
|por lo tanto||as a result, so||Este hotel sale caro, por lo tanto, tenemos que buscar otro sitio.||This hotel is too expensive, so we have to look for another place.|
|por lo general||generally||Por lo general, la gente de pueblo es muy tranquila.||Villagers are generally very quiet.|
|por lo pronto||for now||Por lo pronto, tenemos bastante dinero.||For now we have enough money.|
|por lo visto||apparently||Por lo visto, Juan no ha venido a la oficina hoy.||Juan hasn't apparently come to the office today.|
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