One of the common mistakes made by Spanish students is the difference between the Pretérito Perfecto and the Indefinido. This lesson will show you how to use both tenses.
For actions completed at a recent moment in time.
El correo ha llegado. (The mail has arrived.)
For an action completed at a specific moment in the past.
El avión aterrizó a las doce en punto. (The plane landed at four o’clock.)
For actions or events occurring in the past that do not refer to a concrete time.
Ana nos ha esperado en recepción. (Ana has waited for us in the reception area.)
For an action or event that lasted for a specific period of time when you can determine how long the action took place.
Esperó dos horas en la estación. (He waited for two hours at the station.)
For an action or event initiated in the past that is continuing into the present.
Hemos vivido aquí por más de 7 años. (We have lived here for over 7 years.)
For series of actions or events completed in the past even if you cannot determine when these actions took place or for how long.
Me levanté, desayuné, me duché y me fui a trabajar. (I woke up, had breakfast, took a shower and went to work.)
For actions that are not usually repeated using the following expressions:
Mi hija cumplió 4 años. (My daughter turned 4.)
The actions in “Pretérito Perfecto” are related to the present whereas the actions in Indefinido are not.
|hoy (today)||ayer (yesterday)|
|hace dos horas (two hours ago)||anteayer (the day before yesterday)|
|esta semana (this week)||anoche (Last night)|
|estos días (these days)||la semana pasada (last week)|
|este martes/ mes/ año (this Tuesday/month/ year)||el mes/ año pasado (last month/year)|
|nunca (never)||hace tres semanas (3 weeks ago)|
|todavía no/ ya (not yet/ already)||en 2001 (in 2001)|
|alguna vez (sometime)||de repente (suddenly)|
|últimamente/ en los últimos tiempos (lately)||el día de su cumpleaños (the day of his birthday)|
|hace poco (recently)||al comenzar mi trabajo (when I started working)|
Anthony, thank you for your words! I am happy to know that you are satisfied with the course and that you enjoy the lessons so much. It is a pleasure for me too! I like to witness your improvement, class after class, and I am sure that you will achieve your goal soon. Con mucho gusto!
Thank you, Danilo. It is always a pleasure having lessons with you and I have enjoyed our many conversations together. And what a joy that over time they have become easier for both of us to understand! :D
Hi Alba! Thank you so much for your wonderful review! I enjoyed our class too & I wish you the best of luck with all your future projects :-)
Dear Silvia, thank you very much for your feedback! It's a real pleasure to have classes with you, and I hope you find them useful!
Hola Pedro, thanks for your words. I'm glad you enjoyed our first class. Get ready, we are going to learn more and more! :-D
Thanks a lot. It is understood that for any difficulty and / or misunderstanding I am at your disposal.Rina
Thank you Philippe for your beautiful words. Yours sincerely.
Dear Erik thank you so much for your great feedback !!!!!
Many thanks to you Clemence. See you! :-))))
Thank you for your feedback Peter :)
Thank you Sereen! Derya
Thanks Aleksandra !!
Thank you Leandra!
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