• Spanish grammar
  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/6]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronouns in Spanish practice quiz (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Fill in the blanks (Score -/-)
  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Sentence structure and word order in Spanish [0/4]
  • 9 Spanish prepositions [0/2]
  • 10 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/27]
  • 10.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 10.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/18]
  • 10.2.1 Pretérito perfecto simple (indefinido) in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.2 Pretérito perfecto compuesto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.3 Difference between Pretérito Perfecto and Indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.4 Pretérito Imperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.5 Difference between imperfecto and indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.6 Pretérito pluscuamperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 11 Difference between "ser" and "estar" in Spanish [0/3]
  • 12 Spanish verbs [0/7]
  • 13 Gerund in Spanish (el gerundio) [0/3]
  • 14 Imperative in Spanish (imperativo) [0/6]
  • 15 Passive in Spanish (voz pasiva) [0/3]
  • 16 Negation in Spanish [0/2]
  • Spanish verbs

    In Spanish we use verbs to talk about actions, activities or processes. As in English, the Spanish verbs are adapted to the subject in the sentence. This is called the conjugation of the verb. 

    The Spanish Infinitive 

    In Spanish, the infinitive is a base form of the verb. There are three different possibilities for a Spanish infinitive to end in: -ar-er or -ir. Regular verbs with -ar, -er or -ir all have their own set of endings for the present simple. 

    Some examples are in the following table. 

    -ar -er -ir
    hablar (to speak) comer (to eat) vivir (to live)
    bailar (to dance)  depender (to depend) recibir (to receive, to get)


    Endings regular -ar verbs, present simple

    Present Simple Endings Present Simple of Hablar Meaning: to speak
    -o  (yo) hablo I speak

    (tú) hablas

    you speak

    (él/ella) habla

    (usted) habl

    he/she/it speaks

    you speak (formal)

    -amos (nosotros/nosotras) hablamos we speak
    -áis (vosotros/vosotras) habláis you speak

    (ellos/ellas) hablan

    (ustedes) hablan 

    they speak

    you speak (formal)

    Ending regular verbs -er, present simple

    Present Simple Endings Present simple of comer Meaning: to eat
    -o (yo) como I eat
    -es (tú) comes you eat

    (él/ella) come

    (usted) com

    he/she/it eats

    you eat (formal)

    -emos (nosotros/nosotras) comemos we eat
    -éis (vosotros/vosotras) coméis you eat

    (ellos/ellas) comen

    (ustedes) comen 

    they eat

    you eat (formal) 

    Ending regular verbs -ir, present simple

    Present Simple Endings Present simple of vivir Meaning: to live
    -o (yo) vivo I live
    -es (tú) vives you live

    (él/ella) vive

    (usted) viv

    he/she/it lives

    you live (formal)

    -imos (nosotros/nosotras) vivimos we live
    -ís (vosotros/vosotras) vivís you live

    (ellos/ellas) viven 

    (ustedes) viven 

    they live

    you live (formal) 

    Different verb types in Spanish

    In Spanish, as well as, in English you have different verb types. On this page the following types will be discussed. 

    • Auxiliary verbs
    • Modal verbs
    • Reflexive verbs

    Auxiliary verbs in Spanish (haber, ser, estar) 

    Haber, ser and estar are the most used Spanish auxiliary verbs. They are important to be able to communicate in Spanish and to understand Spanish speaking people. 

    enlightened Find out more about Auxiliary verbs in Spanish!

    Modal verbs in Spanish

    In Spanish, modal verbs are used together with the infinitive of a verb. They "modify" the statement of the full verb in the sentences to express a possibility, necessity, ability, obligation or permission

    enlightened Find out more about Modal verbs in Spanish! 

    Spanish reflexive verbs

    In Spanish, reflexive verbs are much more common than in English. The infinitive form of a reflexive verb has se attached to the end of it. The se on the end of the verb can mean himself, herself, itself, yourself, and oneself. Se is called a reflexive pronoun

    Reflexive verbs are often used to describe things you do to yourself every day or that involve a change, for example, to wash yourself or to go to sleep.

    enlightened Find out more about reflexive verbs in Spanish! 

    Next lessons

    1 Auxiliary verbs in Spanish (haber, ser, estar) Learn more about the auxiliary verbs "haber", "ser" and "estar" in Spanish.
    2 Modal verbs in Spanish Learn how to use modal verbs in Spanish
    3 Spanish reflexive verbs Learn the Spanish reflexive verbs!