• Spanish grammar
  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/6]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronouns in Spanish practice quiz (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Fill in the blanks (Score -/-)
  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Sentence structure and word order in Spanish [0/4]
  • 9 Spanish prepositions [0/2]
  • 10 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/27]
  • 10.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 10.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/18]
  • 10.2.1 Pretérito perfecto simple (indefinido) in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.2 Pretérito perfecto compuesto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.3 Difference between Pretérito Perfecto and Indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.4 Pretérito Imperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.5 Difference between imperfecto and indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.6 Pretérito pluscuamperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 11 Difference between "ser" and "estar" in Spanish [0/3]
  • 12 Spanish verbs [0/7]
  • 13 Gerund in Spanish (el gerundio) [0/3]
  • 14 Imperative in Spanish (imperativo) [0/6]
  • 15 Passive in Spanish (voz pasiva) [0/3]
  • 16 Negation in Spanish [0/2]
  • Spanish demonstrative adjectives

    Demonstrative adjectives (adjetivos demonstrativos) indicate where the noun they refer to is located: 

      Masculine Feminine English translation









    that...over there










    those...over there


    • Close: Me gusta este par de vaqueros. (I like this pair of jeans.)
    • Not as close: Esa colcha es roja. (That bedspread is red.)
    • Far: Aquella puerta esta cerrada. (That door over there is red.)

    Gender and number of demonstrative adjectives 

    Demonstrative adjectives must agree in gender and number with the noun they modify. 

    Please note that the singular masculine forms of demonstrative adjectives end in -e (este, ese) and -el (aquel), NOT o.


    • Este libro es muy interesante. (This book is very interesting.)
    • Mi madre me compró esa falda blanca. (My mother bought me that white skirt.)
    • Aquella ventana está abierta. (That window overe there is open.)

    Placement of demonstrative adjectives 

    Demonstrative adjectives always precede the noun they modify. 


    • Este gato es blanco. (This cat is white.)
    • Esa mujer sigue hablando. (That woman keeps on talking.)
    • ¡Cierra aquella puerta! (Close that door over there!)

    When to use what form (este, ese, aquel)

    There are three different forms of demonstrative adjectives in Spanish and they all indicate a different location of the noun they modify.

    1. este, esta, estos, estas
    2. ese, esa, esos, esas
    3. aquel, aquella, aquellos, aquellas 

    1. Este - this 

    The word "este" indicates a physical location, a matter or a time close to the speaker and the listener.

      Masculine Feminine English translation
    Singular este estos this
    Plural estos estas these


    • Este chico es abogado. (This guy is a lawyer.)
    • Esta bufanda es blanca y negra. (This scarf is black and white.)
    • Estos hombres no tienen vergüenza. (These men have no shame.)
    • ¿Sabes cuánto cuestan estas sabanas? (Do you know how much these bed sheets cost?)

    2. Ese - that

    The word "ese" indicates a physical location, matter, or a time not so close to the speaker and the listener. 

      Masculine Feminine English translation
    Singular ese esa that
    Plural esos esas those


    • Ese hombre es mi padre. (That man is my father.)
    • Esa chica es rubia. (That girl is blonde.)
    • Quiero comprar esos zapatos. (I want to buy those shoes.)
    • En esas ciudades, no habían bares. (In those cities, there were no bars.)

    3. Aquel - that...over there

    The word "aquel" indicates a physical location, matter or a time far from the speaker and the listener. 

      Masculine Feminine English translation
    Singular aquel aquella that...over there
    Plural aquellos aquellas those...over there


    • En aquel momento, se dió cuenta de que pasaban por las mismas dificuldades. (At that moment, he realized that they were going through the same difficulties.)
    • ¡Cierra aquella ventana! (Close that door over there!)
    • En aquellos días, pensó irse de casa. (He thought of leaving home during those days.)
    • Abrid aquellas ventanas, hace calor. (Open those windows over there, it's hot.)

    enlightenedThere are three adverbs which help distinguish the respective locations indicated by these demonstrative adjectives: 

    1. este > aquí (this)
    2. ese > allí (that)
    3. aquel > allá (that...over there)


    • Usa esta toalla aquí. (Use this towel here.)
    • Pon ese vaso allí. (Put that glass there.)
    • Cierra aquella puerta allá. (Close that door over there.)




    Spanish demonstrative adjectives practice quiz

    Spanish demonstrative adjectives - Fill in the blanks