Demonstrative adjectives (adjetivos demonstrativos) indicate where the noun they refer to is located:
Demonstrative adjectives must agree in gender and number with the noun they modify.
Please note that the singular masculine forms of demonstrative adjectives end in -e (este, ese) and -el (aquel), NOT o.
Demonstrative adjectives always precede the noun they modify.
There are three different forms of demonstrative adjectives in Spanish and they all indicate a different location of the noun they modify.
The word "este" indicates a physical location, a matter or a time close to the speaker and the listener.
The word "ese" indicates a physical location, matter, or a time not so close to the speaker and the listener.
The word "aquel" indicates a physical location, matter or a time far from the speaker and the listener.
There are three adverbs which help distinguish the respective locations indicated by these demonstrative adjectives:
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