Spanish indefinite adjectives (many, any...)
Indefinite adjectives (adjetivos indefinidos) express the indefinite idea of quality or quantity of the noun they modify.
Like all adjectives, they agree in number and gender with the noun they modify.
- Marisol no quiere leer ningún libro. (Marisol does not want to read any book.)
- Lucas compró algunas barras de chocolate para su abuela. (Lucas bought some chocolate bars to her grandmother.)
Placement of indefinite adjectives
These type of adjectives generally precede the noun they modify.
- Cada día voy al gimnasio. (Every day I go to the gym.)
- Todos los estudiantes conocen al profesor Gonzalez. (All of the students know Mr Gonzalez.)
Common indefinite adjective list
|English translation||Masculine / Singular||Feminine / Singular||Masculine / Plural||Feminine / Plural|
|some, a few, any||algún||alguna||algunas||algunos|
any, whatever, whichever, whoever, whomever
too much, too many
much/many, a lot of, lot of, lots of
|no, not any||ningún||ninguna||ningunos||ningunas|
|a little, a few||poco||poca||pocos||pocas|
each, every, all, all of
- José tiene algunos libros en el estante de su oficina. (José has a few books on the shelf of his office.)
- Cada día Rafael va al gimnasio. (Rafael goes to the gym every day.)
- Quiero comprar cierta película. (I want to buy a certain movie.)
- María estudia a cualquier hora. (María studies at whatever time.)
- He gastado demasiado tiempo ya. (I have already wasted too much time.)
- No tengo mucho dinero en la cartera. (I do not have much money in the wallet.)
- No quiero leer ningún libro. (I do not want to read any book.)
- Dame otro trozo de tarta. (Give me another piece of cake.)
- Hay poca gente en este restaurante. (There are a few people in this restaurant.)
- Dormí toda la noche. (I slept all night.)
- Compré varios calcetines negros. (I bought several black socks.)
Feminine form cualquiera is shortened to cualquier when it comes before a noun.
Por cualquier pregunta, no dudes en contactarme. (Do not hesitate to contact me for any questions.)
Cualquier and cualquiera may occur after the noun to emphasize its insignificant identity.
Vamos a una ciudad cualquiera. (Let's go to any city.)
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