In Spanish you need the word "no" to build negations. Sentences, nouns and verbs can be negated. You can differentiate between simple and double negation.
The different meanings of "no" lead to many sentences having a "no" at the beginning of the sentence in the meaning of no and a second "no" before the conjugated verb in the meaning of "not".
In order to make verb phrases negative in Spanish, you simply put the word "no" in front of the conjugated verb. Therefore it stands before the auxiliary verb in compound tenses. "No" is always before the pronoun.
The following rule applies: subject + "no" + pronoun + verb + object.
In Spanish many things are double negated.Then, in addition to the particle "no", there is another expression of negation in the sentence.
The following expressions are used for a double negation:
No veo nada.
(I see nothing.)
No voy a ir nunca a la discoteca.
(I will never go to the disco.)
|nunca más||never again||
Me dije que nunca más volvería a fumar.
(I told myself I would never smoke again.)
El candidato jamás ganará.
(The canditate will never win.)
Ya no tengo un perro.
(I will never get a dog anymore.)
|todavía no||not yet||
No he comido todavía.
(I haven't eaten yet.)
No he visto a nadie hoy.
(I have seen nobody today.)
No compra ninguna revista.
(Don't buy any magazine.)
|tampoco||neither, not either||
Pepe no está comiendo tampoco.
(Pepe isn't eating either.)
No puedo encontrarlo ni descargarlo.
(I can't see it nor download it.)
No me gusta ni el teatro ni el cine.
(I don't like neither the theater nor the cinema.)
If the negation expressions are before of the verb, the particle "no" is completely eliminated.
Exception: If "todavía" or "ya" are used at the beginning of the sentence, "no" is following.
If the negation expressions are behind the verb, then there must be an additional "no" in front of the verb. This double negation is the common variant.
In Spanish it is also possible to include several negation expressions in one sentence.
In the exercises you can practice now the simple and double negation. Good luck!
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