• Spanish grammar
  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/6]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronouns in Spanish practice quiz (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Fill in the blanks (Score -/-)
  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Sentence structure and word order in Spanish [0/4]
  • 9 Spanish prepositions [0/2]
  • 10 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/27]
  • 10.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 10.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/18]
  • 10.2.1 Pretérito perfecto simple (indefinido) in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.2 Pretérito perfecto compuesto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.3 Difference between Pretérito Perfecto and Indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.4 Pretérito Imperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.5 Difference between imperfecto and indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.6 Pretérito pluscuamperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 11 Difference between "ser" and "estar" in Spanish [0/3]
  • 12 Spanish verbs [0/7]
  • 13 Gerund in Spanish (el gerundio) [0/3]
  • 14 Imperative in Spanish (imperativo) [0/6]
  • 15 Passive in Spanish (voz pasiva) [0/3]
  • 16 Negation in Spanish [0/2]
  • Negation in Spanish

    In Spanish you need the word "no" to build negations. Sentences, nouns and verbs can be negated. You can differentiate between simple and double negation. 

    Meaning of "no"

    The different meanings of "no" lead to many sentences having a "no" at the beginning of the sentence in the meaning of no and a second "no" before the conjugated verb in the meaning of "not".

    Example dialogues:

    • ¿Eres francesa? - (Are you French?)
    • No, no soy francesa. Soy italiana. - (No, I'm not French. I'm Italian.)


    • ¿Sabes nadar? - (Do you know how to swim?)
    • No, no sé nadar. - (No I don't know how to swim.)

    Simple negation

    In order to make verb phrases negative in Spanish, you simply put the word "no" in front of the conjugated verb. Therefore it stands before the auxiliary verb in compound tenses. "No" is always before the pronoun. 

    Example sentences:

    • No trabajo el domingo. (I don't work on Sunday.)
    • Carmen no tiene hijos. (Carmen doesn't have children.)
    • No me gustan las películas de terror. (I don't like horror movies.)

    enlightenedThe following rule applies: subject + "no" + pronoun + verb + object.

    Double negation

    In Spanish many things are double negated.Then, in addition to the particle "no", there is another expression of negation in the sentence.

    The following expressions are used for a double negation:

    Spanish English Example
    nada nothing

    No veo nada. 

    (I see nothing.)

    nunca never

    No voy a ir nunca a la discoteca. 

    (I will never go to the disco.)

    nunca más never again

    Me dije que nunca más volvería a fumar.

    (I told myself I would never smoke again.)

    jamás never

    El candidato jamás ganará.

    (The canditate will never win.)

    ya no anymore

    Ya no tengo un perro.

    (I will never get a dog anymore.) 

    todavía no not yet

    No he comido todavía.

    (I haven't eaten yet.)

    nadie nobody

    No he visto a nadie hoy. 

    (I have seen nobody today.)

    ninguno/-a none

    No compra ninguna revista.

    (Don't buy any magazine.)

    tampoco neither, not either

    Pepe no está comiendo tampoco. 

    (Pepe isn't eating either.)

    ni nor

    No puedo encontrarlo ni descargarlo. 

    (I can't see it nor download it.) 

    ni...ni neither...nor

    No me gusta ni el teatro ni el cine. 

    (I don't like neither the theater nor the cinema.)

    Position of negation expressions

    Before the verb

    If the negation expressions are before of the verb, the particle "no"  is completely eliminated.

    Example sentences:

    • Nada le gusta. - (He likes nothing.)
    • Nadie ha venido. - (No one has come.)
    • Nunca voy a ir a la discoteca. - (I will never go to the disco.)

    enlightenedException: If "todavía" or "ya" are used at the beginning of the sentence, "no" is following. 

    Example sentences:

    • Todavía no he comido. - (I haven't eaten yet.)
    • Ya no trabajo, estoy jubilado. - (I don't work anymore, I'm retired.)

    Behind the verb

    If the negation expressions are behind the verb, then there must be an additional "no" in front of the verb. This double negation is the common variant. 

    Example sentences:

    • No tengo ninguna idea. - (I have no idea.)
    • Carmen no ha estudiado nada(Carmen hasn't studied anything.)
    • Fernanda no conoce a nadie. (Fernanda doesn't know anyone.)

    Multiple negation expressions 

    In Spanish it is also possible to include several negation expressions in one sentence.

    Example sentences:

    • Nadie sabe nada. - (Nobody knows anything.)
    • Mis amigos no han dicho nada a nadie. - (My friends haven't said anything to anyone.)
    • No he regalado nunca flores a nadie. - (I have never given flowers to anyone.)

    In the exercises you can practice now the simple and double negation. Good luck!smiley


    Practice the simple negation in Spanish

    Practice the double negation in Spanish