• Spanish grammar
  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/6]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronouns in Spanish practice quiz (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Fill in the blanks (Score -/-)
  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Sentence structure and word order in Spanish [0/4]
  • 9 Spanish prepositions [0/2]
  • 10 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/27]
  • 10.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 10.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/18]
  • 10.2.1 Pretérito perfecto simple (indefinido) in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.2 Pretérito perfecto compuesto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.3 Difference between Pretérito Perfecto and Indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.4 Pretérito Imperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.5 Difference between imperfecto and indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.6 Pretérito pluscuamperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 11 Difference between "ser" and "estar" in Spanish [0/3]
  • 12 Spanish verbs [0/7]
  • 13 Gerund in Spanish (el gerundio) [0/3]
  • 14 Imperative in Spanish (imperativo) [0/6]
  • 15 Passive in Spanish (voz pasiva) [0/3]
  • 16 Negation in Spanish [0/2]
  • Gerund in Spanish (el gerundio)

    In Spanish, the verb form that ends in -ndo is called the gerundio. It is used in compound verb forms, such as estoy cantando. (I'm singing). This -ing form, in English can also be used as an adjective or a noun.


    • What are you doing?
    • The setting sun.
    • Swimming is fun.

    Gerund formation in Spanish

    To form the gerund of regular –ar verbs, take off the –ar ending of the infinitive and add –ando. To form the gerund of regular –er and –ir verbs replace the endings with –iendo.

    Verbs in -ar Verbs in -er Verbs in -ir

    Ending replaced by



    Ending replaced by


    Ending replaced by 


    hablar → hablando comer → comiendo vivir → viviendo
    viajar → viajando beber → bebiendo salir → saliendo


    Uses of the gerundio in Spanish

    To form continuous tenses with estar

    • Estoy trabajando (I am working)
    • Estamos comiendo (We are eating)

    To Express Ongoing Actions

    Gerundios can be used with verbs like ir , seguir , andar  and venir , to emphasize the idea of an ongoing action.

    • Anda buscando su movil. (He is walking around looking for his phone)
    • Vas saliendo del estado de meditación. (You are gradually coming out of the meditation state)
    • Seguimos estudiando las candidaturas. (We keep on studying the application forms)
    • Vengo sintiendo una gran paz interior. (I've been feeling a great peace inside of me)

    As Adverbs

    Gerundios can function as adverbs, modifying the action of another verb in the same phrase.

    • Pasé el día leyendo. (I spent the day reading)
    • Cantando y bailando, se fueron de la fiesta. (Singing and dancing, they left the party)

    Frequent use of verbs with gerund

    Verb in Spanish Verb in English Examples
    estar + gerund to be doing something

    Qué estás haciendo? (What are you doing?)

    Estoy estudiando (I am studying)

    empezar + gerund to begin doing something La profesora empieza la clase pasando lista. (The teacher starts the lesson by doing the registration)
    llevar + gerund to be doing something a period of time Cristina lleva 3 meses viviendo en Barcelona. (Cristina is living in Barcelona for 3 months now)
    ir + gerund to start doing something Álvaro va empezando a caminar. (Álvaro is gradually doing his first steps)
    continuar/seguir + gerund to keep doing something Patricia sigue trabajando en Valencia (Patricia is still working in Valencia)
    acabar/terminar + gerund to end up doing something Terminan graduandose en el colegio. (They end up graduating at school)

    The gerund of irregular verbs

    Some verbs have an irregular gerund form.

    Highly irregular verbs

    Infinitive Gerund
    ser (to be) siendo
    ir (to go) yendo
    decir (to say) diciendo
    ver (to see) viendo
    poder (to be able to) pudiendo
    dar (to give) dando
    venir (to come) viniendo
    dormir (to sleep) durmiendo
    leer (to read) leyendo
    oir (to hear) oyendo
    traer (to bring) trayendo
    caer (to fall) cayendo
    morir (to die) muriendo

    Verbs with vowel changes e→i  e→ie

    All verbs with a vowel change from e to i or ie in the present also have a vowel change in the gerund.

    • pedir → pidiendo
    • seguir → siguiendo
    • reir → riendo

    Verbs with -uir

    For all the verbs ending in -uir, i becomes y.

    • destruir → destruyendo
    • construir → construyendo

    yes You can practice the gerund form with the exercises. Good luck!



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