Spanish indefinite articles refer to one individual out of a general group and they often correspond to English a / an (singular form), some / a few (plural form). Like definite articles, they give information about the gender (femenine, masculine) and the number (singular, plural) of the noun and they have four forms:
Like English, the Spanish indefinite article is used in the following cases:
Un cuadro es una obra de arte. (A painting is a work of art.)
Gracias, eres un sol. (Thanks, you are a sweetie.)
Quiero una galleta. (I want a biscuit.)
Necesito unos calabacines. (I need some courgettes.)
The indefinite article has to be omitted in the following cases:
¿Pones zanahorias en la tarta? (Do you put any carrot in the cake?)
If the noun is modified by an adjective, the indefinite article cannot be omitted.
Javier es un profesor muy competente. (Javier is a very competent professor.)
The indefinite article is omitted after verbs such as:
when the noun refers to a person or thing one commonly have.
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