Spanish definite articles are used to indicate a specific noun and they often correspond to the English the.
Unlike English, they provide information about the gender and the number of the noun which follows them.
Definite articles are used in the following cases:
El ordenador ha revolucionado nuestra sociedad. (The computer has revolutionized our society.)
In this case, they stand for the English on.
El martes me voy al gimnasio. (On Tuesday, I go to the gym.)
El holandés y el alemán no son lenguas romances. (Dutch and German are not Romance languages.)
After hablar (to speak), the definite article is omitted.
No hablo holandés. (I do not speak Dutch.)
In English, they are replaced by possessive adjectives.
Son las diez de la mañana. (It is ten o'clock in the morning).
In this case, English omits the article.
When mentioning the last name of family's member, the proper names remain singular, while the articles take the plural form.
Los Costa no vienen a la fiesta. (The Costas are not coming to the party.)
Vi la película que me recomendaste. (I watched the movie you recomended.)
El Mont Blanc está en la frontera entre Italia y Francia. (Mont Blanc is on the border between Italy and France.)
The definite article is omitted in the following cases:
Articles are omitted before title when you are talking to someone, or with San, Santo, Santa, Don, Doña.
José estudia económicas en la Universidad de Valencia. (José studies Economics at University of Valencia.)
Juan Carlos I (Primero). Juan Carlos the First.
Juan es médico. (Juan is a doctor.)
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