• Spanish grammar
    0%
  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/6]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronouns in Spanish practice quiz (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Fill in the blanks (Score -/-)
  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Sentence structure and word order in Spanish [0/4]
  • 9 Spanish prepositions [0/2]
  • 10 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/27]
  • 10.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 10.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/18]
  • 10.2.1 Pretérito perfecto simple (indefinido) in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.2 Pretérito perfecto compuesto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.3 Difference between Pretérito Perfecto and Indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.4 Pretérito Imperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.5 Difference between imperfecto and indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.6 Pretérito pluscuamperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 11 Difference between "ser" and "estar" in Spanish [0/3]
  • 12 Spanish verbs [0/7]
  • 13 Gerund in Spanish (el gerundio) [0/3]
  • 14 Imperative in Spanish (imperativo) [0/6]
  • 15 Passive in Spanish (voz pasiva) [0/3]
  • 16 Negation in Spanish [0/2]
  • Spanish definite articles

    Spanish definite articles are used to indicate a specific noun and they often correspond to the English the.

    Unlike English, they provide information about the gender and the number of the noun which follows them. 

      Masculine Femenine
    Singular

    el

    la
    Plural los las

    Examples: 

    • El gato de María tiene los ojos azules. (Maria's cat has blue eyes.)
    • La camisa de Juan es negra. (Juan's shirt is black.)
    • Los chicos que viven en la primera planta son de Granada. (The guys who live on the first floor are from Granada.)
    • Me gustan las gafas de sol de Álvaro. (I like Alvaro's sunglasses.)

    When to use the definite article in Spanish 

    Definite articles are used in the following cases:

    With generic nouns

    El ordenador ha revolucionado nuestra sociedad. (The computer has revolutionized our society.)

    With days of the week

    In this case, they stand for the English on.

    Example: 

    El martes me voy al gimnasio. (On Tuesday, I go to the gym.)

    With language names 

    El holandés y el alemán no son lenguas romances. (Dutch and German are not Romance languages.)

    enlightenedAfter hablar (to speak), the definite article is omitted.

          Example:

           No hablo holandés. (I do not speak Dutch.)

    With parts of the body, items of personal hygiene and clothing

    In English, they are replaced by possessive adjectives.

    Example: 

    • Me duelen las rodillas. (My knees hurt: in this case, the definite article is replace by a possessive adjective)   
    • Si no te pones la camisa, no te dejarán entrar. (If you do not wear your shirt, they will not let you come in.)  

    Telling time

    Son las diez de la mañana. (It is ten o'clock in the morning).

    With people's titles

    • El doctor Martinez acaba de casarse. (Dr Martinez has just got married.)
    • El alcalde decretó tres dias de luto. (The mayor ordered three days of mourning)

    With weights and measurements

    In this case, English omits the article. 

    Examples: 

    • Los huevos cuestan a dos euros la docena. (Eggs cost two euros a dozen.)
    • El pan se vende a un euro el kilo. (Bread is sold at one euro a kilo.) 

    With last names referring to the members of the family 

    When mentioning the last name of family's member, the proper names remain singular, while the articles take the plural form.

    Example:

    Los Costa no vienen a la fiesta. (The Costas are not coming to the party.)

    With nouns designating specific people and things

    Vi la película que me recomendaste. (I watched the movie you recomended.)

    With nouns that refer to geographic places (rivers, mountains)

    El Mont Blanc está en la frontera entre Italia y Francia. (Mont Blanc is on the border between Italy and France.)

    When to omit the definite article in Spanish 

    The definite article is omitted in the following cases: 

    Before titles when you addressing to someone

    Articles are omitted before title when you are talking to someone, or with San, Santo, Santa, Don, Doña.

    Example: 

    • Sra. Romero, qué tal está? (Mrs. Romero, how are you?)
    • Don Javier es un hombre muy romántico. (Don Javier is a very romantic man.)

    With school subjects

    José estudia económicas en la Universidad de Valencia. (José studies Economics at University of Valencia.)

    With ordinal numbers used in titles

    Juan Carlos I (Primero). Juan Carlos the First.

    With ser + someone's occupation

    Juan es médico. (Juan is a doctor.)

    Exercises

    Spanish definite articles - single choice question exercise

    Spanish definite articles - fill in the blanks