• Spanish grammar
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  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/6]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)Free
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  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Sentence structure and word order in Spanish [0/4]
  • 9 Spanish prepositions [0/2]
  • 10 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/27]
  • 10.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 10.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/18]
  • 10.2.1 Pretérito perfecto simple (indefinido) in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.2 Pretérito perfecto compuesto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.3 Difference between Pretérito Perfecto and Indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.4 Pretérito Imperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.5 Difference between imperfecto and indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.6 Pretérito pluscuamperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 11 Difference between "ser" and "estar" in Spanish [0/3]
  • 12 Spanish verbs [0/7]
  • 13 Gerund in Spanish (el gerundio) [0/3]
  • 14 Imperative in Spanish (imperativo) [0/6]
  • 15 Passive in Spanish (voz pasiva) [0/3]
  • 16 Negation in Spanish [0/2]
  • What is the pretérito perfecto compuesto?

    The present perfect (Spanish: pretérito perfecto compuesto) is one of several compound tenses used in Spanish and English. As in English, it is used to indicate that the action may be still going on. The pretérito perfecto compuesto has two parts:

    • the present tense of the auxiliary verb haber
    • the past participle (participio) of the verb

    enlightenedPretérito perfecto compuesto = haber (presente) + participio

    Conjugation of the auxiliary verb haber

    Personal pronouns  Auxiliary haber in present
    yo he
    has
    él/ella/usted ha
    nosotros/-as hemos
    vosotros/-as habéis
    ellos/ellas/ustedes han

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    Regularly conjugated past participle of verbs on -AR, -ER, -IR

    The participle is derived from the infinitive of the verb. The endings (-ar / -er / -ir) are replaced by the participle endings (-ado / -ido / -ido).

    Verbs in -ar Verbs in -er Verbs in -ir
    The verb ending is replaced by -ADO The verb ending is replaced by -IDO The verb ending is replaced by -IDO

    hablar hablado

    viajarviajado

    comer comido

    beber bebido

    vivirvivido

    sentirsentido

    The complete formation of the pretérito perfecto compuesto in Spanish (present perfect in English)

    The complete formation of the pretérito perfecto compuesto is made with the conjugated form of the auxiliary verb haber in the present tense and the participle form of the verb:

    Personal pronoun Auxiliary haber in present Participio

    Yo

    Tu

    el/ella/usted

    nosotros/-as

    vosotros/-as

    ellos/ellas/ustedes

    he

    has

    ha

    hemos

    habéis

    han

    hablado

    comido

    vivido

    Irregularly conjugated participles of verbs

    There are a few irregular participles in Spanish. Here is a list of the most important exceptions:

    Infinitive Participle
    abrir (to open) abierto (opened)
    cubrir (to cover) cubierto (covered)
    decir (to say) dicho (said)
    devolver (to return /to give back) devuelto (returned)
    disolver (to dissolve) disuelto (dissolved)
    escribir (to write) escrito (written)
    hacer (to do) hecho (done)
    ir (to go) ido (gone)
    morir (to die) muerto (died)
    poner (to put) puesto (put)
    romper (to break) roto (broken)
    ser (to be) sido (been)
    ver (to see) visto (seen)
    volver (to come back) vuelto (come)

    Uses of the pretérito perfecto compuesto

    In English we use the perfect tense to talk about what has or hasn't happened today, this week, this year, or in our lives up to now. In Spanish we use it in a similar way.

    For an action or event initiated in the past that is continuing into the present.

    • Hemos vivido aquí por más de 7 años. (We have lived here for over 7 years.)
    • Hemos celebrado las navidades en casa de mi abuela desde que nací. (We have celebrated Christmas in my grandma's house since I was born.)

    An action or event ocurring in the past that does not refer to a concrete time.

    • Ana nos ha esperado en recepción. (Ana has waited for us in the reception area.)
    • Lucas nos ha acompañado. (Lucas has come with us.)

    An action completed at a recent moment in time.

    • El correo ha llegado. (The mail has arrived.)
    • El tren ha salido. (The train has left.)

    Marker words of the pretérito perfecto compuesto

    We use the present perfect (pretérito perfecto compuesto) in Spanish with the following words:

    Spanish English Examples
    esta semanaeste año/ etc. this week/ this year/ etc

    Este año he tenido muchos constipados.

    This year I have caught a lot of colds.

    hoy today

    Hoy he ido nadar.

    Today I went swimming.

    todavia no not yet

    Todavia no he comido.

    I havent had lunch yet.

    ya already

    Ya lo he visto.

    I have seen it already.

    ultimamente lately

    Ultimamente he comido mucha fruta.

    I have eaten a lot of fruit lately.

    hasta ahora up to now/ so far/ until now/ to date

    No me han dicho nada hasta ahora.

    I havent got any news so far.

    Example text

    Hoy ha sido un día especial. Es mi cumpleaños. No he ido a trabajar y me he levantado más tarde. He desayunado unas tostadas con tomate y he bebido un café con leche. Después, me he vestido y he salido de casa para comprar el periódico. Me he sentado en una terraza al sol y he leído el periódico.

    Autora: Victoria Monera

    Translation

    Today was a special day. It's my birthday. I haven’t gone to work and I've gotten up later. I had some toast with tomato and I a coffee with milk for breakfast. Then I got dressed and left the house to buy the newspaper. I have sat on a terrace in the sun and have read the newspaper.

    Written by: Victoria Monera