• Spanish grammar
  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/6]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronouns in Spanish practice quiz (Score -/-)
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Fill in the blanks (Score -/-)
  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Sentence structure and word order in Spanish [0/4]
  • 9 Spanish prepositions [0/2]
  • 10 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/27]
  • 10.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 10.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/18]
  • 10.2.1 Pretérito perfecto simple (indefinido) in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.2 Pretérito perfecto compuesto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.3 Difference between Pretérito Perfecto and Indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.4 Pretérito Imperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.5 Difference between imperfecto and indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.6 Pretérito pluscuamperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 11 Difference between "ser" and "estar" in Spanish [0/3]
  • 12 Spanish verbs [0/7]
  • 13 Gerund in Spanish (el gerundio) [0/3]
  • 14 Imperative in Spanish (imperativo) [0/6]
  • 15 Passive in Spanish (voz pasiva) [0/3]
  • 16 Negation in Spanish [0/2]
  • Placement of adjectives in Spanish

    The placement of Spanish adjectives strictly relies on the information they provide about the noun they modify. 

    Unlike English, Spanish adjectives are generally placed after the noun. 


    • Mi hermana es una mujer bonita. (My sister is a pretty woman.)
    • Me gustan las rosas blancas. (I like white roses.)

    However, there are some exceptions to this rule. 

    Adjective placement exceptions

    Some adjective categories do not follow the noun they modify: 

    1. Possessive and demonstrative adjectives (mi, tu, su / este, ese, aquel...)
    2. Limiting adjectives (dos, cuatro...)
    3. Intrinsic characteristics

    1. Possessive and demonstrative adjectives (mi, tu, su / este, ese, aquel...)

    • Mi hermana se llama Luisa. (My sister's name is Luisa.)
    • Este coche es muy rápido. (This car is very fast.)

    2. Limiting adjectives (dos, menos, pocos...)

    Limiting adjectives indicate numbers and amounts. 


    • Acabo de comerme dos trozos de tarta. (I've just eaten two slices of cake.)
    • Ayer hacía menos viento en Fuerteventura. (Yesterday it was less windy in Fuerteventura.)
    • Hay pocas fresas este verano. (There are a few strawberries this summer.)

    3. Intrinsic characteristics

    Descriptive adjectives which put the stress on essential features are placed before the noun. 


    La valiente leona protege a sus cachorros. (The brave lioness protect her cubs.)

    Meaning-changing adjectives

    Some adjectives change meaning according to their placement:

    • when placed after the noun, the adjective has an objective meaning
    • when placed before the noun, the adjective has a more subjective meaning


    • BEFORE: Carmen es mi vieja amiga. (Carmen is my long-term friend.)
    • AFTER: Carmen es mi amiga vieja. (Carmen is my elderly friend.)
    Adjective Before the noun After the noun
    alto high-class  tall
    bajo of low quality short
    bueno simple / good gentle / generous
    cierto certain true / right
    dulce good / nice sweet
    grande great big
    mismo same himself / herself
    nuevo newly acquired newly made
    proprio his / her own especially for someone
    raro rare strange
    simple mere simple / modest
    solo one lonely
    triste dreadful sad
    único only unique
    viejo long-term old / aged

    The shortened forms of adjectives before nouns

    When placed before the noun, some adjectives have shortened forms. This change only affects the masculine form of adjectives, which tend to drop the -o when are followed by a masculine noun. 

    Adjective Shortened form Example
    alguno (some) algún algún vaso (some glass)
    bueno (good) buen buen amigo (good friend)
    malo (bad) mal mal ejemplo (bad example)
    ninguno (no, not any) ningún ningún hombre (no man)
    primero (first) primer el primer año (the first year)
    Santo (Saint) San San Francisco 
    tercero (third) tercer el tercer capítulo (the third chapter)
    uno (a, an, one) un un gato ( a cat)

    enlightenedCiento appears in number 101 and higher, while the shortened form cien is used for the number one hundred before a plural noun.


    • CIENTO: Habrán ciento ochenta personas esta noche. (There will be one hundred and eighty people tonight.)
    • CIEN: José tiene sólo cien euros en el borsillo. (José only has one hundred euros in his pocket.)

    Placement of more than one adjective 

    More than one adjective can modify a noun. 

    1. Two or more adjectives may follow the noun and they are generally linked by a conjuction or separated by a comma. 


    • Tiene un gato simpático y pequeño. (He/She has a pleasant and small cat.)
    • Su oficina está en una calle larga, angosta. (His/Her office is in a long, narrow street.)

    2. In case of shortened forms or an adjective that has a different meaning if placed before or after the noun, the adjective which precedes the noun will remain in place: 


    • No quiero algún libro nuevo. (I don't want any new book.)
    • Ella es mi vieja amiga bonita. (She is my beautiful long-term friend.)


    Meaning-changing adjective practice quiz

    Placement of Spanish adjectives - Before or after the noun?

    Before or after the noun?